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ATL COM组件,将指定DC句柄保存为BMP

发表于2004/10/14 21:13:00  887人阅读

用于将指定DC保存为BMP位图,适用于暴露自身表面的动态程序情况捕捉。

// hdctobmpX.h : ChdctobmpX 的声明

#pragma once
#include "resource.h"       // 主符号


// IhdctobmpX
[
 object,
 uuid("7C3141C9-A96E-4775-93C7-FEE42C738B94"),
 dual, helpstring("IhdctobmpX 接口"),
 pointer_default(unique)
]
__interface IhdctobmpX : IDispatch
{
 [propput, id(1), helpstring("属性 HWND")] HRESULT HWND([in] ULONG newVal);
 [propput, id(2), helpstring("属性 savepath")] HRESULT savepath([in] BSTR newVal);
 [id(3), helpstring("方法savetobmp")] HRESULT savetobmp(void);
 [propput, id(4), helpstring("属性 bwidth")] HRESULT bwidth([in] DOUBLE newVal);
 [propput, id(5), helpstring("属性 bheight")] HRESULT bheight([in] DOUBLE newVal);
 [id(6), helpstring("方法savetobmp2")] HRESULT savetobmp2(void);
};

 

// ChdctobmpX

[
 coclass,
 threading("apartment"),
 vi_progid("HDCtoBMP.hdctobmpX"),
 progid("HDCtoBMP.hdctobmpX.1"),
 version(1.0),
 uuid("F4A2F19D-AF6B-434A-A104-C4AA013E7B37"),
 helpstring("hdctobmpX Class")
]

 

class ATL_NO_VTABLE ChdctobmpX :
 public IhdctobmpX
{


protected:

 //保存路径
 _bstr_t  m_path;
   
 //传入句柄
    HWND m_hwnd;

 
  //位图宽
DOUBLE     m_Width;
 
  //位图高
 DOUBLE m_Height;

public:
    //构造
 ChdctobmpX(){}


 DECLARE_PROTECT_FINAL_CONSTRUCT()
 HRESULT FinalConstruct(){return S_OK;}
 
 //系构
 void FinalRelease(){}

public:

 //属性设置
 STDMETHOD(put_HWND)(ULONG newVal);
 STDMETHOD(put_savepath)(BSTR newVal);

 //拷贝位图
 STDMETHOD(savetobmp)(void);

 STDMETHOD(put_bwidth)(DOUBLE newVal);
 STDMETHOD(put_bheight)(DOUBLE newVal);


private:
 PBITMAPINFO ChdctobmpX::CreateBitmapInfoStruct(HWND hwnd, HBITMAP hBmp);
void CreateBMPFile(HWND hwnd, LPTSTR pszFile, PBITMAPINFO pbi,HBITMAP hBMP, HDC hDC);
void Error( TCHAR * pText );

 

 

 


public:
 STDMETHOD(savetobmp2)(void);
};

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// hdctobmpX.cpp : ChdctobmpX 的实现

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "hdctobmpX.h"


// ChdctobmpX

 

//存BMP
STDMETHODIMP ChdctobmpX::savetobmp(void)
{
     // 设置图象保存位置加上.BMP扩展名
      
        TCHAR m_ShortName[MAX_PATH];

        wsprintf( m_ShortName, TEXT("%s.bmp/0"),(LPCTSTR)m_path);

  
  
      //获取输入当前DC
      HDC hdc=GetDC(this->m_hwnd);
            //由当前DC转化创建一完备DC
        HDC hdccmp = CreateCompatibleDC(hdc);
 
         //由当前DC创建位图DC
        HBITMAP hbmp = CreateCompatibleBitmap(hdc,m_Width, m_Height);
   if (hbmp == 0)  {return 0;}

         //完备DC选择位图DC
      if(!SelectObject(hdccmp, hbmp)){return 0;}

   //当前DC拷贝到完备DC
   BitBlt(hdccmp,0,0,m_Width, m_Height,hdc,0,0,SRCCOPY);


   PBITMAPINFO pbi=CreateBitmapInfoStruct(this->m_hwnd ,hbmp);

         CreateBMPFile(this->m_hwnd, m_ShortName,pbi,hbmp,hdccmp) ;

 

 return S_OK;
}


STDMETHODIMP ChdctobmpX::savetobmp2(void)
{
  // 设置图象保存位置加上.BMP扩展名
      
        TCHAR m_ShortName[MAX_PATH];

        wsprintf( m_ShortName, TEXT("%s.bmp/0"),(LPCTSTR)m_path);

  
  
      //获取输入当前DC
  HDC hdc=GetWindowDC(this->m_hwnd);
            //由当前DC转化创建一完备DC
        HDC hdccmp = CreateCompatibleDC(hdc);
 
         //由当前DC创建位图DC
        HBITMAP hbmp = CreateCompatibleBitmap(hdc,m_Width, m_Height);
   if (hbmp == 0)  {return 0;}

         //完备DC选择位图DC
      if(!SelectObject(hdccmp, hbmp)){return 0;}

   //当前DC拷贝到完备DC
   BitBlt(hdccmp,0,0,m_Width, m_Height,hdc,0,0,SRCCOPY);


   PBITMAPINFO pbi=CreateBitmapInfoStruct(this->m_hwnd ,hbmp);

   CreateBMPFile(this->m_hwnd, m_ShortName,pbi,hbmp,hdccmp) ;

 

 return S_OK;

}

 


/////////////////////////////属性///////////////////////////
STDMETHODIMP ChdctobmpX::put_bwidth(DOUBLE newVal)
{
 // TODO: 在此添加实现代码
 this->m_Width=newVal;
 return S_OK;
}

STDMETHODIMP ChdctobmpX::put_bheight(DOUBLE newVal)
{
 // TODO: 在此添加实现代码
 this->m_Height=newVal;
 return S_OK;
}

 

 


STDMETHODIMP ChdctobmpX::put_savepath(BSTR newVal)
{
 // TODO: 在此添加实现代码
    this->m_path= newVal;
 SysFreeString(newVal);
 return S_OK;
}
STDMETHODIMP ChdctobmpX::put_HWND(ULONG newVal)
{
 this->m_hwnd=(HWND)newVal;
 return S_OK;
}

 

 

 


////////////////////////私有成员////////////////////////
//获取位图信息
PBITMAPINFO ChdctobmpX::CreateBitmapInfoStruct(HWND hwnd, HBITMAP hBmp)
{
    BITMAP bmp;
    PBITMAPINFO pbmi;
    WORD    cClrBits;

    // Retrieve the bitmap color format, width, and height.
    if (!GetObject(hBmp, sizeof(BITMAP), (LPSTR)&bmp))
        Error("GetObject");

    // Convert the color format to a count of bits.
    cClrBits = (WORD)(bmp.bmPlanes * bmp.bmBitsPixel);
    if (cClrBits == 1)
        cClrBits = 1;
    else if (cClrBits <= 4)
        cClrBits = 4;
    else if (cClrBits <= 8)
        cClrBits = 8;
    else if (cClrBits <= 16)
        cClrBits = 16;
    else if (cClrBits <= 24)
        cClrBits = 24;
    else cClrBits = 32;

    // Allocate memory for the BITMAPINFO structure. (This structure
    // contains a BITMAPINFOHEADER structure and an array of RGBQUAD
    // data structures.)

     if (cClrBits != 24)
         pbmi = (PBITMAPINFO) LocalAlloc(LPTR,
                    sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
                    sizeof(RGBQUAD) * (1<< cClrBits));

     // There is no RGBQUAD array for the 24-bit-per-pixel format.

     else
         pbmi = (PBITMAPINFO) LocalAlloc(LPTR,
                    sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER));

    // Initialize the fields in the BITMAPINFO structure.

    pbmi->bmiHeader.biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biWidth = bmp.bmWidth;
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biHeight = bmp.bmHeight;
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biPlanes = bmp.bmPlanes;
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biBitCount = bmp.bmBitsPixel;
    if (cClrBits < 24)
        pbmi->bmiHeader.biClrUsed = (1<<cClrBits);

    // If the bitmap is not compressed, set the BI_RGB flag.
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biCompression = BI_RGB;

    // Compute the number of bytes in the array of color
    // indices and store the result in biSizeImage.
    // For Windows NT, the width must be DWORD aligned unless
    // the bitmap is RLE compressed. This example shows this.
    // For Windows 95/98/Me, the width must be WORD aligned unless the
    // bitmap is RLE compressed.
    pbmi->bmiHeader.biSizeImage = ((pbmi->bmiHeader.biWidth * cClrBits +31) & ~31) /8
                                  * pbmi->bmiHeader.biHeight;
    // Set biClrImportant to 0, indicating that all of the
    // device colors are important.
     pbmi->bmiHeader.biClrImportant = 0;
     return pbmi;
 }

 

//写BMP文件
void ChdctobmpX::CreateBMPFile(HWND hwnd, LPTSTR pszFile, PBITMAPINFO pbi,HBITMAP hBMP, HDC hDC)
 {
     HANDLE hf;                 // file handle
    BITMAPFILEHEADER hdr;       // bitmap file-header
    PBITMAPINFOHEADER pbih;     // bitmap info-header
    LPBYTE lpBits;              // memory pointer
    DWORD dwTotal;              // total count of bytes
    DWORD cb;                   // incremental count of bytes
    BYTE *hp;                   // byte pointer
    DWORD dwTmp;

    pbih = (PBITMAPINFOHEADER) pbi;
    lpBits = (LPBYTE) GlobalAlloc(GMEM_FIXED, pbih->biSizeImage);

    if (!lpBits)
         Error("GlobalAlloc");

    // Retrieve the color table (RGBQUAD array) and the bits
    // (array of palette indices) from the DIB.
    if (!GetDIBits(hDC, hBMP, 0, (WORD) pbih->biHeight, lpBits, pbi,
        DIB_RGB_COLORS))
    {
        Error("GetDIBits");
    }

    // Create the .BMP file.
    hf = CreateFile(pszFile,
                   GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE,
                   (DWORD) 0,
                    NULL,
                   CREATE_ALWAYS,
                   FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
                   (HANDLE) NULL);
    if (hf == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
        Error("CreateFile");
    hdr.bfType = 0x4d42;        // 0x42 = "B" 0x4d = "M"
    // Compute the size of the entire file.
    hdr.bfSize = (DWORD) (sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) +
                 pbih->biSize + pbih->biClrUsed
                 * sizeof(RGBQUAD) + pbih->biSizeImage);
    hdr.bfReserved1 = 0;
    hdr.bfReserved2 = 0;

    // Compute the offset to the array of color indices.
    hdr.bfOffBits = (DWORD) sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) +
                    pbih->biSize + pbih->biClrUsed
                    * sizeof (RGBQUAD);

    // Copy the BITMAPFILEHEADER into the .BMP file.
    if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPVOID) &hdr, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER),
        (LPDWORD) &dwTmp,  NULL))
    {
       Error("WriteFile");
    }

    // Copy the BITMAPINFOHEADER and RGBQUAD array into the file.
    if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPVOID) pbih, sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)
                  + pbih->biClrUsed * sizeof (RGBQUAD),
      (LPDWORD) &dwTmp, ( NULL))) {
       Error("WriteFile"); }

    // Copy the array of color indices into the .BMP file.
    dwTotal = cb = pbih->biSizeImage;
    hp = lpBits;
    if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPSTR) hp, (int) cb, (LPDWORD) &dwTmp,NULL))
           Error("WriteFile");

    // Close the .BMP file.
     if (!CloseHandle(hf))
           Error("CloseHandle");

    // Free memory.
    GlobalFree((HGLOBAL)lpBits);
}

 

 //错误显示
 void ChdctobmpX::Error( TCHAR * pText )
{
  
    ::MessageBox( NULL, pText, TEXT("Error!"), MB_OK | MB_TASKMODAL | MB_SETFOREGROUND );
}

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