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让Asp.NET的DataGrid可排序、可选择、可分页

发表于2004/10/25 19:41:00  1847人阅读

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‘Author: 李洪根

‘MAIL: lihonggen0@gci-corp.com

‘专栏: http://www.csdn.net/develop/author/netauthor/lihonggen0/

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让Asp.NET的DataGrid可排序、可选择、可分页
DataGrid是Asp.NET中的一个重要的控件,经常我们都将DataGrid做成可分页的和可排序的,有时还需要加上选择功能。这些都是经常需要用到的方法,其实是比较简单的。



设计思路:
为了方便起见,我们连接SQL Server 2000的NorthWind数据库的Orders表,从数据库里得到此表的数据视图。利用DataGrid的SortCommand事件实现排序。用一个模板列加上CheckBox控件实现选择。可用DataGrid的属性生成器的“分页”选项或者自己修改HTML实现分页。



HTML:

添加一个DataGrid,命名为dgOrder。
添加了一个模板列,模板列里放一个名为Cb的CheckBox控件。此列用来实现选择
为要排序的每个列加上排序表达式SortExpression。
利用列的DataFormatString来格式化列,象DataFormatString="{0:d}"显示日期格式。
设置PageSize="15"每页显示15行数据,AllowPaging="True" 为允许分页 。


整个HTML页代码:

<form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

<asp:datagrid id="dgOrder" runat="server" Height="515px" Width="718px" AutoGenerateColumns="False" AllowSorting="True" CellPadding="4" BorderWidth="1px" BorderColor="#A0ABEB" PageSize="15" BorderStyle="Solid" BackColor="White" GridLines="Vertical" ForeColor="Black" AllowPaging="True" ShowFooter="True">

<SelectedItemStyle ForeColor="White" BackColor="Black"></SelectedItemStyle>

<AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="#EEEEEE"></AlternatingItemStyle>

<HeaderStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" ForeColor="White" BorderColor="#6876C5" BackColor="#6876C5"></HeaderStyle>

<FooterStyle ForeColor="White" BackColor="#6876C5"></FooterStyle>

<Columns>

<asp:TemplateColumn>

<ItemTemplate>

<FONT face="宋体">

<asp:CheckBox id="Cb" runat="server"></asp:CheckBox></FONT>

</ItemTemplate>

</asp:TemplateColumn>

<asp:BoundColumn DataField="orderid" SortExpression="orderid" HeaderText="ID">

<HeaderStyle Width="180px"></HeaderStyle>

</asp:BoundColumn>

<asp:BoundColumn DataField="ShipCountry" SortExpression="ShipCountry" HeaderText="ShipCountry">

<HeaderStyle Width="180px"></HeaderStyle>

</asp:BoundColumn>

<asp:BoundColumn DataField="ShippedDate" SortExpression="ShippedDate" HeaderText="ShippedDate" DataFormatString="{0:d}">

<HeaderStyle Width="180px"></HeaderStyle>

</asp:BoundColumn>

<asp:BoundColumn DataField="Freight" SortExpression="Freight" HeaderText="Freight">

<HeaderStyle Width="180px"></HeaderStyle>

</asp:BoundColumn>

<asp:BoundColumn DataField="ShipAddress" SortExpression="ShipAddress" HeaderText="ShipAddress">

<HeaderStyle Width="480px"></HeaderStyle>

</asp:BoundColumn>

</Columns>

<PagerStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" ForeColor="Black" Position="TopAndBottom" BackColor="White" Mode="NumericPages"></PagerStyle>

</asp:datagrid>

</form>







后台类添加以下代码:



Imports System.Data.SqlClient



'得到数据视图,参数为要排序的列

Private Function GetDv(ByVal strSort As String) As DataView

'定义数据库连接

Dim dv As DataView

Dim CN As New SqlConnection()

Try

'初始化连接字符串

CN.ConnectionString = "data source=pmserver;initial catalog=Northwind;persist security info=False;user id=sa;Password=sa;"

CN.Open()

'从NorthWind得到orders表的数据

Dim adp As SqlDataAdapter = New SqlDataAdapter("select * from orders", CN)

Dim ds As New DataSet()

adp.Fill(ds)

'得到数据视图

dv = ds.Tables(0).DefaultView

Catch ex As Exception

#If DEBUG Then

Session("Error") = ex.ToString()

Response.Redirect("../error.aspx") '跳转程序的公共错误处理页面

#End If

Finally

'关闭连接

CN.Close()

End Try

'排序

dv.Sort = strSort

Return dv

End Function



Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load

If Not IsPostBack Then

ViewState("strSort") = "orderid"

dgOrder.DataSource = GetDv(ViewState("strSort").ToString())

dgOrder.DataBind()

End If

End Sub

'排序

Private Sub dgOrder_SortCommand(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridSortCommandEventArgs) Handles dgOrder.SortCommand

dgOrder.CurrentPageIndex = 0

'得到排序的列

ViewState("strSort") = e.SortExpression.ToString()

dgOrder.DataSource = GetDv(ViewState("strSort").ToString())

dgOrder.DataBind()

End Sub



'分页

Private Sub dgOrder_PageIndexChanged(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridPageChangedEventArgs) Handles dgOrder.PageIndexChanged

'得到分页的页号

dgOrder.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex

dgOrder.DataSource = GetDv(ViewState("strSort").ToString())

dgOrder.DataBind()

End Sub

运行结果如下图所示:(点击列标头可以排序)

??????????
为了知道用户选择的是哪些记录,我们可以利用DataGridItem的FindControl得到CheckBox的值,我们来添加一个按钮,再写如下代码:

Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

Dim item As DataGridItem

Dim StrScript As String

StrScript = "<script language=javascript>alert('"

'循环表格的项,FindControl

For Each item In Me.dgOrder.Items

If CType(item.FindControl("cb"), System.Web.UI.WebControls.CheckBox).Checked Then

Try

StrScript += item.Cells(1).Text & Space(2)

Catch ex As Exception

End Try

End If

Next

StrScript += "被选择!')</script>"

RegisterClientScriptBlock("系统消息", StrScript)

End Sub



上面的代码RegisterClientScriptBlock添加Java Script脚本弹出对话框。(其实Vb Script的对话框比Java Script的对话框多更多的显示和控制方式,但Netscape的浏览器不支持,大家可根据相应的项目在程序里选择用哪种脚本)。
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