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关于C# 的高效随机字符串

发表于2003/6/13 11:23:00  1110人阅读

使用RNGCryptoServiceProvider 做种,可以在一秒内产生的随机数重复率非常的低,对于以往使用时间做种的方法是个升级,代码如下:

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace ArLi.CommonPrj
{
 /// <summary>
 /// 随机密码
 /// </summary>
 public sealed class RandomStr {

  public const string myVersion = "1.2";

  /********
  *  Const and Function
  *  ********/

  private static readonly int defaultLength = 8;

  private static int GetNewSeed(){
   byte[] rndBytes = new byte[4];
   RNGCryptoServiceProvider rng = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();
   rng.GetBytes(rndBytes);
   return BitConverter.ToInt32(rndBytes,0);
  }

  /********
   *  getRndCode of all char .
   *  ********/

  private static string BuildRndCodeAll(int strLen) {
   System.Random RandomObj = new System.Random(GetNewSeed());
   string buildRndCodeReturn = null;
   for(int i=0; i<strLen; i++) {
    buildRndCodeReturn += (char)RandomObj.Next(33,125);
   }
   return buildRndCodeReturn;
  }

  public static string GetRndStrOfAll() {
   return BuildRndCodeAll(defaultLength);
  }

  public static string GetRndStrOfAll(int LenOf) {
   return BuildRndCodeAll(LenOf);
  }

  /********
   *  getRndCode of only .
   *  ********/
  
  private static string sCharLow = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
  private static string sCharUpp = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
  private static string sNumber = "0123456789";

  private static string BuildRndCodeOnly(string StrOf,int strLen) {
   System.Random RandomObj = new System.Random(GetNewSeed());
   string buildRndCodeReturn = null;
   for(int i=0; i<strLen; i++) {
    buildRndCodeReturn += StrOf.Substring(RandomObj.Next(0,StrOf.Length-1),1);
   }
   return buildRndCodeReturn;
  }

  public static string GetRndStrOnlyFor() {
   return BuildRndCodeOnly(sCharLow + sNumber,defaultLength);
  }

  public static string GetRndStrOnlyFor(int LenOf) {
   return BuildRndCodeOnly(sCharLow + sNumber,LenOf);
  }

  public static string GetRndStrOnlyFor(bool bUseUpper,bool bUseNumber) {
   string strTmp = sCharLow;
   if (bUseUpper) strTmp += sCharUpp;
   if (bUseNumber) strTmp += sNumber;

   return BuildRndCodeOnly(strTmp,defaultLength);
  }
  
  public static string GetRndStrOnlyFor(int LenOf,bool bUseUpper,bool bUseNumber) {
   string strTmp = sCharLow;
   if (bUseUpper) strTmp += sCharUpp;
   if (bUseNumber) strTmp += sNumber;

   return BuildRndCodeOnly(strTmp,LenOf);
  }
 }
}

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