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使用asp.net将图片上传并存入SqlServer中,然后从SqlServer中读取并显示出来

发表于2008/9/27 23:39:00  1546人阅读

1,使用asp.net将图片上传并存入SqlServer中,然后从SqlServer中读取并显示出来
一,上传并存入SqlServer
 数据库结构
  create table test
  {
     id identity(1,1),
     FImage image
  }
  相关的存储过程
  Create proc UpdateImage
  (
     @UpdateImage Image
  )
  As
  Insert Into test(FImage) values(@UpdateImage)
  GO

在UpPhoto.aspx文件中添加如下:
<input id="UpPhoto" name="UpPhoto" runat="server" type="file">
<asp:Button id="btnAdd" name="btnAdd" runat="server" Text="上传"></asp:Button>

然后在后置代码文件UpPhoto.aspx.cs添加btnAdd按钮的单击事件处理代码:
private void btnAdd_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
        //获得图象并把图象转换为byte[]
        HttpPostedFile upPhoto=UpPhoto.PostedFile;
        int upPhotoLength=upPhoto.ContentLength;
        byte[] PhotoArray=new Byte[upPhotoLength];
        Stream PhotoStream=upPhoto.InputStream;
        PhotoStream.Read(PhotoArray,0,upPhotoLength);

        //连接数据库
        SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
        conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";

        SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand("UpdateImage",conn);
        cmd.CommandType=CommandType.StoredProcedure;

        cmd.Parameters.Add("@UpdateImage",SqlDbType.Image);
        cmd.Parameters["@UpdateImage"].Value=PhotoArray;

        //如果你希望不使用存储过程来添加图片把上面四句代码改为:
        //string strSql="Insert into test(FImage) values(@FImage)";
        //SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);
        //cmd.Parameters.Add("@FImage",SqlDbType.Image);
        //cmd.Parameters["@FImage"].Value=PhotoArray;

 conn.Open();
 cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
 conn.Close();
}

二,从SqlServer中读取并显示出来
在需要显示图片的地方添加如下代码:
<asp:image id="imgPhoto" runat="server" ImageUrl="ShowPhoto.aspx"></asp:image>

ShowPhoto.aspx主体代码:
private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
     if(!Page.IsPostBack)
     {
                SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection()
                conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";
               
                string strSql="select * from test where id=2";//这里假设获取id为2的图片
                SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand()
                reader.Read();
                Response.ContentType="application/octet-stream";
                Response.BinaryWrite((Byte[])reader["FImage"]);
                Response.End();
                reader.Close();
     }
}


3,在winform中将图片存入sqlserver,并从sqlserver中读取并显示在picturebox中

1,存入sqlserver
数据库结构和使用的存储过过程,同上面的一样
 1.1,在窗体中加一个OpenFileDialog控件,命名为ofdSelectPic
 1.2,在窗体上添加一个打开文件按钮,添加如下单击事件代码:
    Stream ms;
  byte[] picbyte;
  //ofdSelectPic.ShowDialog();
  if (ofdSelectPic.ShowDialog()==DialogResult.OK)
  {
   if ((ms=ofdSelectPic.OpenFile())!=null)
   {
    //MessageBox.Show("ok");
    picbyte=new byte[ms.Length];
    ms.Position=0;
    ms.Read(picbyte,0,Convert.ToInt32(ms.Length));
    //MessageBox.Show("读取完毕!");

    //连接数据库
    SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
    conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";

    SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand("UpdateImage",conn);
    cmd.CommandType=CommandType.StoredProcedure;

    cmd.Parameters.Add("@UpdateImage",SqlDbType.Image);
    cmd.Parameters["@UpdateImage"].Value=picbyte;

    conn.Open();
    cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
    conn.Close();

    ms.Close();
    }
   }

2,读取并显示在picturebox中
 2.1 添加一个picturebox,名为ptbShow
 2.2 添加一个按钮,添加如下响应事件:
      SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
 conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";

 string strSql="select FImage from test where id=1";

 SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);

 conn.Open();
 SqlDataReader reader=cmd.ExecuteReader();
        reader.Read();

 MemoryStream ms=new MemoryStream((byte[])reader["FImage"]);


 Image image=Image.FromStream(ms,true);

        reader.Close();
        conn.Close();

 ptbShow.Image=image;

在UpPhoto.aspx文件中添加如下:
<input id="UpPhoto" name="UpPhoto" runat="server" type="file">
<asp:Button id="btnAdd" name="btnAdd" runat="server" Text="上传"></asp:Button>

然后在后置代码文件UpPhoto.aspx.cs添加btnAdd按钮的单击事件处理代码:
private void btnAdd_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
        //获得图象并把图象转换为byte[]
        HttpPostedFile upPhoto=UpPhoto.PostedFile;
        int upPhotoLength=upPhoto.ContentLength;
        byte[] PhotoArray=new Byte[upPhotoLength];
        Stream PhotoStream=upPhoto.InputStream;
        PhotoStream.Read(PhotoArray,0,upPhotoLength);

        //连接数据库
        SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
        conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";

        SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand("UpdateImage",conn);
        cmd.CommandType=CommandType.StoredProcedure;

        cmd.Parameters.Add("@UpdateImage",SqlDbType.Image);
        cmd.Parameters["@UpdateImage"].Value=PhotoArray;

        //如果你希望不使用存储过程来添加图片把上面四句代码改为:
        //string strSql="Insert into test(FImage) values(@FImage)";
        //SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);
        //cmd.Parameters.Add("@FImage",SqlDbType.Image);
        //cmd.Parameters["@FImage"].Value=PhotoArray;

 conn.Open();
 cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
 conn.Close();
}

二,从SqlServer中读取并显示出来
在需要显示图片的地方添加如下代码:
<asp:image id="imgPhoto" runat="server" ImageUrl="ShowPhoto.aspx"></asp:image>

ShowPhoto.aspx主体代码:
private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
     if(!Page.IsPostBack)
     {
                SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection()
                conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";
               
                string strSql="select * from test where id=2";//这里假设获取id为2的图片
                SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand()
                reader.Read();
                Response.ContentType="application/octet-stream";
                Response.BinaryWrite((Byte[])reader["FImage"]);
                Response.End();
                reader.Close();
     }
}


3,在winform中将图片存入sqlserver,并从sqlserver中读取并显示在picturebox中

1,存入sqlserver
数据库结构和使用的存储过过程,同上面的一样
 1.1,在窗体中加一个OpenFileDialog控件,命名为ofdSelectPic
 1.2,在窗体上添加一个打开文件按钮,添加如下单击事件代码:
    Stream ms;
  byte[] picbyte;
  //ofdSelectPic.ShowDialog();
  if (ofdSelectPic.ShowDialog()==DialogResult.OK)
  {
   if ((ms=ofdSelectPic.OpenFile())!=null)
   {
    //MessageBox.Show("ok");
    picbyte=new byte[ms.Length];
    ms.Position=0;
    ms.Read(picbyte,0,Convert.ToInt32(ms.Length));
    //MessageBox.Show("读取完毕!");

    //连接数据库
    SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
    conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";

    SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand("UpdateImage",conn);
    cmd.CommandType=CommandType.StoredProcedure;

    cmd.Parameters.Add("@UpdateImage",SqlDbType.Image);
    cmd.Parameters["@UpdateImage"].Value=picbyte;

    conn.Open();
    cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
    conn.Close();

    ms.Close();
    }
   }

2,读取并显示在picturebox中
 2.1 添加一个picturebox,名为ptbShow
 2.2 添加一个按钮,添加如下响应事件:
      SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
 conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";

 string strSql="select FImage from test where id=1";

 SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);

 conn.Open();
 SqlDataReader reader=cmd.ExecuteReader();
        reader.Read();

 MemoryStream ms=new MemoryStream((byte[])reader["FImage"]);


 Image image=Image.FromStream(ms,true);

        reader.Close();
        conn.Close();

 ptbShow.Image=image;

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