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java 实现web 登陆

发表于2004/10/16 15:56:00  1043人阅读

分类: JAVA


web登陆无非就是网页获取,cookie 的管理,post和get方式的模拟。

1.网页内容获取
     java.io.InputStream  in;
      java.net.URL url = new java.net.URL(www.xyz.com/content.html);
      java.net.HttpURLConnection connection = (java.net.HttpURLConnection)
          url.openConnection();
      connection = (java.net.HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
     //模拟成IE
      connection.setRequestProperty("User-Agent","Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows 2000)");
      connection.connect();
      in = connection.getInputStream();
      java.io.BufferedReader breader =
          new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in , "GBK"));
      String str=breader.readLine());
      while(st != null){
        System.out.println(str);
        str=breader.readLine());
      }
2.cookie管理

 

1.直接的方式
取得cookie:
HttpURLConnection huc= (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
InputStream is = huc.getInputStream();
// 取得sessionID.
String cookieVal = hc.getHeaderField("Set-Cookie");
String sessionId;
if(cookieVal != null)
{
    sessionId = cookieVal.substring(0, cookieVal.indexOf(";"));
}

 发送设置cookie:
HttpURLConnection huc= (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
if(sessionId != null)
{
huc.setRequestProperty("Cookie", sessionId);
}
InputStream is = huc.getInputStream();

2.利用的jcookie包(http://jcookie.sourceforge.net/ )
获取cookie:

URL url = new URL("http://www.site.com/");
HttpURLConnection huc = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
huc.connect();
InputStream is = huc.getInputStream();
Client client = new Client();
CookieJar cj = client.getCookies(huc);

新的请求,利用上面获取的cookie:

url = new URL("http://www.site.com/");
huc = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
client.setCookies(huc, cj);

3.post方式的模拟
URL url = new URL("www.xyz.com");
  HttpURLConnection huc = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
//设置允许output
  huc.setDoOutput(true);
//设置为post方式
  huc.setRequestMethod("POST");
  huc.setRequestProperty("User-Agent","Mozilla/4.7 [en] (Win98; I)");
  StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
  sb.append("userName="+userNme);
  sb.append("&password="+password);

//post信息
 OutputStream os = huc.getOutputStream();
 os.write(sb.toString().getBytes("GBK"));
 os.close();

BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(huc.getInputStream()))

huc.connect();

String line = br.readLine();

while(line != null){

l

System.out.printli(line);

line = br.readLine();

}



结束语:
     上面的代码基本就可以实现网站的登陆、信息获取的功能。看到登陆奇兵等软件卖的那么火,我们也做一个去吧 .

参考:
1.A recipe for cookie management
http://www.javaworld.com/javaworld/jw-04-2002/jw-0426-cookie.html

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