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在.NET中的线程处理(3)

发表于2002/4/22 9:38:00  1061人阅读

分类: .NET框架

使用异步 I/O 完成事件,线程池中的线程将只在收到数据时对数据进行处理,一旦处理完数据,该线程就会返回到线程池中。

若要进行异步 I/O 调用,必须将操作系统 I/O 句柄与线程池相关联,并且必须指定一个回调方法。当 I/O 操作完成后,线程池中的线程将调用该回调方法。

下面的 C# 代码示例说明了一个简单的异步 I/O 操作。

注意 该示例需要 100MB 以上的可用内存。

[C#]

using System;

using System.IO;

using System.Threading;

using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

 

public class BulkImageProcAsync{

   public const String ImageBaseName = "tmpImage-";

   public const int numImages = 200;

   public const int numPixels = 512*512;

 

   // ProcessImage has a simple O(N) loop, and you can vary the number

   // of times you repeat that loop to make the application more CPU-bound

   // or more I/O-bound.

   public static int processImageRepeats = 20;

 

   // Threads must decrement NumImagesToFinish, and protect

   // their access to it through a mutex.

   public static int NumImagesToFinish = numImages;

   public static Object NumImagesMutex = new Object[0];

  

   // WaitObject is signalled when all image processing is done.

   public static Object WaitObject = new Object[0];

 

   public class ImageStateObject{

      public byte[] pixels;

      public int imageNum;

      public FileStream fs;

   }

 

   public static void MakeImageFiles(){

      int sides = (int) Math.Sqrt(numPixels);

      Console.Write("Making "+numImages+" "+sides+"x"+sides+" images...  ");

      byte[] pixels = new byte[numPixels];

      for(int i=0; i<numPixels; i++)

      pixels[i] = (byte) i;

 

      for(int i=0; i<numImages; i++){

         FileStream fs = new FileStream(

            ImageBaseName+i+".tmp",

            FileMode.Create,

            FileAccess.Write,

            FileShare.None,

            8192,

            false

         );

         fs.Write(pixels, 0, pixels.Length);

         FlushFileBuffers(fs.Handle);

         fs.Close();

      }

      Console.WriteLine("Done.");

   }

 

   public static void ReadInImageCallback(IAsyncResult asyncResult){

 

      ImageStateObject state = (ImageStateObject) asyncResult.AsyncState;

 

      Stream stream = state.fs;

      int bytesRead = stream.EndRead(asyncResult);

      if (bytesRead != numPixels)

         throw new Exception("In ReadInImageCallback, got wrong number of bytes from the image!  got: " + bytesRead);

 

      ProcessImage(state.pixels, state.imageNum);

      stream.Close();

 

      // Now write out the image. No async here.

      FileStream fs = new FileStream(

         ImageBaseName + state.imageNum + ".done",

         FileMode.Create,

         FileAccess.Write,

         FileShare.None,

         4096,

         false

      );

 

      fs.Write(state.pixels, 0, numPixels);

      fs.Close();

 

      // This application model uses too much memory.

      // Releasing memory as soon as possible is a good idea, especially global

      // state.

      state.pixels = null;

 

      // Record that an image is done now.

      lock(NumImagesMutex){

         NumImagesToFinish--;

         if (NumImagesToFinish==0){

            lock(WaitObject){

               Monitor.Pulse(WaitObject);

            }

         }

      }

   }

 

   public static void ProcessImage(byte[] pixels, int imageNum){

 

      Console.WriteLine("ProcessImage "+imageNum);

 

      // Do some CPU-intensive operation on the image.

      for(int i=0; i<processImageRepeats; i++)

         for(int j=0; j<numPixels; j++)

            pixels[j] += 1;

 

      Console.WriteLine("ProcessImage "+imageNum+" done.");

   }

 

   public static void ProcessImagesInBulk(){

 

      Console.WriteLine("Processing images...  ");

      long t0 = Environment.TickCount;

      NumImagesToFinish = numImages;

 

      AsyncCallback readImageCallback = new AsyncCallback(ReadInImageCallback);

      for(int i=0; i<numImages; i++){

 

         ImageStateObject state = new ImageStateObject();

         state.pixels = new byte[numPixels];

         state.imageNum = i;

 

         // Very large items are read only once, so the

         // buffer on the file stream can be very small to save memory.

 

         FileStream fs = new FileStream(

            ImageBaseName+i+".tmp",

            FileMode.Open,

            FileAccess.Read,

            FileShare.Read,

            1,

            true

         );

         state.fs = fs;

         fs.BeginRead(state.pixels, 0, numPixels, readImageCallback, state);

      }

 

      // Determine whether all images are done being processed. 

      // If not, block until all are finished.

      bool mustBlock = false;

      lock (NumImagesMutex){

         if (NumImagesToFinish > 0)

            mustBlock = true;

      }

      if (mustBlock){

         Console.WriteLine(

            "All worker threads are queued... Blocking until they complete.  numLeft: " + NumImagesToFinish

         );

            lock(WaitObject){

            Monitor.Pulse(WaitObject);

            }     

      }

 

      long t1 = Environment.TickCount;

      Console.WriteLine("Total time processing images: {0} ms", (t1-t0));

   }

 

   public static void Cleanup(){

      for(int i=0; i<numImages; i++){

         File.Delete(ImageBaseName+i+".tmp");

         File.Delete(ImageBaseName+i+".done");

      }

   }

 

   public static void TryToClearDiskCache(){

 

      // Try to force all pending writes to disk, and clear the

      // disk cache of any data.

      byte[] bytes = new byte[100*(1<<20)];

      for(int i=0; i<bytes.Length; i++)

      bytes[i] = 0;

      bytes = null;

      GC.Collect();

      Thread.Sleep(2000);

   }

 

   public static void Main(String[] args){

 

      Console.WriteLine("Bulk image processing sample application, using asynchronous I/O");

      Console.WriteLine("Simulates applying a simple transformation to "+numImages+" /"images/"");

      Console.WriteLine("(ie, Async FileStream & Threadpool benchmark)");

      Console.WriteLine("Warning - this test requires "+(numPixels * numImages * 2)+" bytes of tmp space");

 

      if (args.Length==1){

         processImageRepeats = Int32.Parse(args[0]);

         Console.WriteLine("ProcessImage inner loop - "+processImageRepeats);

      }

 

      MakeImageFiles();

      TryToClearDiskCache();

      ProcessImagesInBulk();

      Cleanup();

   }

 

   [DllImport("KERNEL32", SetLastError=true)]

   private static extern void FlushFileBuffers(IntPtr handle);

 

}
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