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保证应用程序只有一个实例在运行

发表于2004/2/5 0:44:00  1128人阅读

[C#]
public static Process RunningInstance()
{
     Process current = Process.GetCurrentProcess();
     Process[] processes = Process.GetProcessesByName (current.ProcessName);
      //Loop through the running processes in with the same name
      foreach (Process process in processes)
      {
          //Ignore the current process
           if (process.Id != current.Id)
          {
               //Make sure that the process is running from the exe file.
                if (Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location.Replace("/", "//") == current.MainModule.FileName)
                {
                    //Return the other process instance.
                    return process;
                }
           }
      }
      //No other instance was found, return null.
      return null;
}

[VB.NET]
Public Shared Function RunningInstance() As Process
     Dim current As Process = Process.GetCurrentProcess()
     Dim processes As Process() = Process.GetProcessesByName(current.ProcessName)

     'Loop through the running processes in with the same name
     Dim process As Process
     For Each process In processes
          'Ignore the current process
          If process.Id <> current.Id Then
               'Make sure that the process is running from the exe file.
               If [Assembly].GetExecutingAssembly().Location.Replace("/", "/") = current.MainModule.FileName Then
                    'Return the other process instance.
                    Return process
               End If
          End If
     Next process
     'No other instance was found, return null.
     Return Nothing
End Function 'RunningInstance

如果检测到已有窗体实例,将此实例显示出来参考:

[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
       //Get the running instance.
       Process instance = RunningInstance();
       if (instance == null)
       {
              //There isn't another instance, show our form.
              Application.Run (new Form2());
       }
       else
       {
              //There is another instance of this process.
              HandleRunningInstance(instance);
       }
}
public
static Process RunningInstance()
{
       Process current = Process.GetCurrentProcess();
       Process[] processes = Process.GetProcessesByName (current.ProcessName);
       //Loop through the running processes in with the same name
       foreach (Process process in processes)
       {
              //Ignore the current process
              if (process.Id != current.Id)
              {
                     //Make sure that the process is running from the exe file.
                     if (Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location.Replace("/", "//") ==current.MainModule.FileName)
                     {
                            //Return the other process instance.
                            return process;
                     }
              }
       }
       //No other instance was found, return null.
       return null;
}
public
static void HandleRunningInstance(Process instance)
{
       //Make sure the window is not minimized or maximized
       ShowWindowAsync (instance.MainWindowHandle , WS_SHOWNORMAL);
       //Set the real intance to foreground window
       SetForegroundWindow (instance.MainWindowHandle);
}
[DllImport("User32.dll")]
private
static extern bool ShowWindowAsync(    IntPtr hWnd, int cmdShow);
[DllImport("User32.dll")]
private
static extern bool SetForegroundWindow(IntPtr hWnd);
private const int WS_SHOWNORMAL = 1
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