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JSP彩色验证码

发表于2004/6/30 11:04:00  2204人阅读

分类: java/jsp

产生验证码图片的文件image.jsp




<%@ page contentType="image/jpeg" import="java.awt.*,
java.awt.image.*,java.util.*,javax.imageio.*" %>
<%!
Color getRandColor(int fc,int bc){//给定范围获得随机颜色
        Random random = new Random();
        if(fc>255) fc=255;
        if(bc>255) bc=255;
        int r=fc+random.nextInt(bc-fc);
        int g=fc+random.nextInt(bc-fc);
        int b=fc+random.nextInt(bc-fc);
        return new Color(r,g,b);
        }
%>
<%
//设置页面不缓存
response.setHeader("Pragma","No-cache");
response.setHeader("Cache-Control","no-cache");
response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);

// 在内存中创建图象
int width=60, height=20;
BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

// 获取图形上下文
Graphics g = image.getGraphics();

//生成随机类
Random random = new Random();

// 设定背景色
g.setColor(getRandColor(200,250));
g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);

//设定字体
g.setFont(new Font("Times New Roman",Font.PLAIN,18));

//画边框
//g.setColor(new Color());
//g.drawRect(0,0,width-1,height-1);

// 随机产生155条干扰线,使图象中的认证码不易被其它程序探测到
g.setColor(getRandColor(160,200));
for (int i=0;i<155;i++)
{
 int x = random.nextInt(width);
 int y = random.nextInt(height);
        int xl = random.nextInt(12);
        int yl = random.nextInt(12);
 g.drawLine(x,y,x+xl,y+yl);
}

// 取随机产生的认证码(4位数字)
String sRand="";
for (int i=0;i<4;i++){
    String rand=String.valueOf(random.nextInt(10));
    sRand+=rand;
    // 将认证码显示到图象中
    g.setColor(new Color(20+random.nextInt(110),20+random.nextInt(110),20+random.nextInt(110)));
//调用函数出来的颜色相同,可能是因为种子太接近,所以只能直接生成
    g.drawString(rand,13*i+6,16);
}

// 将认证码存入SESSION
session.setAttribute("rand",sRand);

// 图象生效
g.dispose();

// 输出图象到页面
ImageIO.write(image, "JPEG", response.getOutputStream());
%>


使用验证码图片的文件a.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=gb2312" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<title>认证码输入页面</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312">
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Pragma" CONTENT="no-cache"> 
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Cache-Control" CONTENT="no-cache"> 
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Expires" CONTENT="0"> 
</head>
<body>
<form method=post action="check.jsp">
<table>
<tr>
<td align=left>系统产生的认证码:</td>
<td><img border=0 src="image.jsp"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align=left>输入上面的认证码:</td>
<td><input type=text name=rand maxlength=4 value=""></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td colspan=2 align=center><input type=submit value="提交检测"></td>
</tr>
</form>
</body>
</html>


验证的页面check.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=gb2312" language="java" import="java.sql.*" errorPage="" %>
<html>
<head>
<title>认证码验证页面</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312">
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Pragma" CONTENT="no-cache"> 
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Cache-Control" CONTENT="no-cache"> 
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Expires" CONTENT="0"> 
</head>

<body>
<% 
 String rand = (String)session.getAttribute("rand");
 String input = request.getParameter("rand");
%>
系统产生的认证码为: <%= rand %><br>
您输入的认证码为: <%= input %><br>
<br>
<%
  if (rand.equals(input)) {
%>
<font color=green>输入相同,认证成功!</font>
<%
  } else {
%>
<font color=red>输入不同,认证失败!</font>
<%
  }
%>
</body>
</html>

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