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asp.net里导出excel表方法汇总

发表于2004/9/15 15:52:00  693人阅读

1、由dataset生成

public void CreateExcel(DataSet ds,string typeid,string FileName)
??{
???HttpResponse resp;
???resp = Page.Response;
???resp.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding("GB2312");
???resp.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + FileName);???
???string colHeaders= "", ls_item="";
???int i=0;

???//定义表对象与行对像,同时用DataSet对其值进行初始化
???DataTable dt=ds.Tables[0];
???DataRow[] myRow=dt.Select("");
???// typeid=="1"时导出为EXCEL格式文件;typeid=="2"时导出为XML格式文件
???if(typeid=="1")
???{
????//取得数据表各列标题,各标题之间以/t分割,最后一个列标题后加回车符
????for(i=0;i?????colHeaders+=dt.Columns[i].Caption.ToString()+"/t";
????colHeaders +=dt.Columns[i].Caption.ToString() +"/n";???
????//向HTTP输出流中写入取得的数据信息
????resp.Write(colHeaders);?
????//逐行处理数据??
????foreach(DataRow row in myRow)
????{
?????//在当前行中,逐列获得数据,数据之间以/t分割,结束时加回车符/n
?????for(i=0;i??????ls_item +=row[i].ToString() + "/t";?????
?????ls_item += row[i].ToString() +"/n";
?????//当前行数据写入HTTP输出流,并且置空ls_item以便下行数据????
?????resp.Write(ls_item);
?????ls_item="";
????}
???}
???else
???{
????if(typeid=="2")
????{?
?????//从DataSet中直接导出XML数据并且写到HTTP输出流中
?????resp.Write(ds.GetXml());
????}????
???}
???//写缓冲区中的数据到HTTP头文件中
???resp.End();


??}

?

2、使用微软的C++写的ACTIVEX控件:http://download.microsoft.com/download/OfficeXPDev/sample/1.0/WIN98MeXP/EN-US/Dsoframerctl.exe
3、由datagrid生成:

public void ToExcel(System.Web.UI.Control ctl)?
??{
???HttpContext.Current.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition","attachment;filename=Excel.xls");
???HttpContext.Current.Response.Charset ="UTF-8";????
???HttpContext.Current.Response.ContentEncoding =System.Text.Encoding.Default;
???HttpContext.Current.Response.ContentType ="application/ms-excel";//image/JPEG;text/HTML;image/GIF;vnd.ms-excel/msword
???ctl.Page.EnableViewState =false;???
???System.IO.StringWriter? tw = new System.IO.StringWriter() ;
???System.Web.UI.HtmlTextWriter hw = new System.Web.UI.HtmlTextWriter (tw);
???ctl.RenderControl(hw);
???HttpContext.Current.Response.Write(tw.ToString());
???HttpContext.Current.Response.End();
??}

用法:ToExcel(datagrid1);

4、这个用dataview ,代码好长

public void OutputExcel(DataView dv,string str)
{
???//
???// TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑
???//
?????????????????????????? //dv为要输出到Excel的数据,str为标题名称
???GC.Collect();
???Application excel;// = new Application();
???int rowIndex=4;
???int colIndex=1;

???_Workbook xBk;
???_Worksheet xSt;

???excel= new ApplicationClass();
??
???xBk = excel.Workbooks.Add(true);
???
???xSt = (_Worksheet)xBk.ActiveSheet;

???//
???//取得标题
???//
???foreach(DataColumn col in dv.Table.Columns)
???{
????colIndex++;
????excel.Cells[4,colIndex] = col.ColumnName;
????xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,colIndex],excel.Cells[4,colIndex]).HorizontalAlignment = XlVAlign.xlVAlignCenter;//设置标题格式为居中对齐
???}

???//
???//取得表格中的数据
???//
???foreach(DataRowView row in dv)
???{
????rowIndex ++;
????colIndex = 1;
????foreach(DataColumn col in dv.Table.Columns)
????{
?????colIndex ++;
?????if(col.DataType == System.Type.GetType("System.DateTime"))
?????{
??????excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex] = (Convert.ToDateTime(row[col.ColumnName].ToString())).ToString("yyyy-MM-dd");
??????xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex],excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex]).HorizontalAlignment = XlVAlign.xlVAlignCenter;//设置日期型的字段格式为居中对齐
?????}
?????else
??????if(col.DataType == System.Type.GetType("System.String"))
?????{
??????excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex] = "'"+row[col.ColumnName].ToString();
??????xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex],excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex]).HorizontalAlignment = XlVAlign.xlVAlignCenter;//设置字符型的字段格式为居中对齐
?????}
?????else
?????{
??????excel.Cells[rowIndex,colIndex] = row[col.ColumnName].ToString();
?????}
????}
???}
???//
???//加载一个合计行
???//
???int rowSum = rowIndex + 1;
???int colSum = 2;
???excel.Cells[rowSum,2] = "合计";
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[rowSum,2],excel.Cells[rowSum,2]).HorizontalAlignment = XlHAlign.xlHAlignCenter;
???//
???//设置选中的部分的颜色
???//
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[rowSum,colSum],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Select();
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[rowSum,colSum],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Interior.ColorIndex = 19;//设置为浅黄色,共计有56种
???//
???//取得整个报表的标题
???//
???excel.Cells[2,2] = str;
???//
???//设置整个报表的标题格式
???//
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[2,2],excel.Cells[2,2]).Font.Bold = true;
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[2,2],excel.Cells[2,2]).Font.Size = 22;
???//
???//设置报表表格为最适应宽度
???//
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,2],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Select();
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,2],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Columns.AutoFit();
???//
???//设置整个报表的标题为跨列居中
???//
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[2,2],excel.Cells[2,colIndex]).Select();
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[2,2],excel.Cells[2,colIndex]).HorizontalAlignment = XlHAlign.xlHAlignCenterAcrossSelection;
???//
???//绘制边框
???//
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,2],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Borders.LineStyle = 1;
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,2],excel.Cells[rowSum,2]).Borders[XlBordersIndex.xlEdgeLeft].Weight = XlBorderWeight.xlThick;//设置左边线加粗
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,2],excel.Cells[4,colIndex]).Borders[XlBordersIndex.xlEdgeTop].Weight = XlBorderWeight.xlThick;//设置上边线加粗
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[4,colIndex],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Borders[XlBordersIndex.xlEdgeRight].Weight = XlBorderWeight.xlThick;//设置右边线加粗
???xSt.get_Range(excel.Cells[rowSum,2],excel.Cells[rowSum,colIndex]).Borders[XlBordersIndex.xlEdgeBottom].Weight = XlBorderWeight.xlThick;//设置下边线加粗
???//
???//显示效果
???//
???excel.Visible=true;

???//xSt.Export(Server.MapPath(".")+"//"+this.xlfile.Text+".xls",SheetExportActionEnum.ssExportActionNone,Microsoft.Office.Interop.OWC.SheetExportFormat.ssExportHTML);
???xBk.SaveCopyAs(Server.MapPath(".")+"//"+this.xlfile.Text+".xls");

???ds = null;
??????????? xBk.Close(false, null,null);
???
??????????? excel.Quit();
??????????? System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(xBk);
??????????? System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(excel);
??? System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(xSt);
??????????? xBk = null;
??????????? excel = null;
???xSt = null;
??????????? GC.Collect();
???string path = Server.MapPath(this.xlfile.Text+".xls");

???System.IO.FileInfo file = new System.IO.FileInfo(path);
???Response.Clear();
???Response.Charset="GB2312";
???Response.ContentEncoding=System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;
???// 添加头信息,为"文件下载/另存为"对话框指定默认文件名
???Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment; filename=" + Server.UrlEncode(file.Name));
???// 添加头信息,指定文件大小,让浏览器能够显示下载进度
???Response.AddHeader("Content-Length", file.Length.ToString());
???
???// 指定返回的是一个不能被客户端读取的流,必须被下载
???Response.ContentType = "application/ms-excel";
???
???// 把文件流发送到客户端
???Response.WriteFile(file.FullName);
???// 停止页面的执行
??
???Response.End();
}

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