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ASP中的函数说明

发表于2004/10/25 11:32:00  636人阅读

分类: ASP.NET

Array()
 FUNCTION:返回一个数组
 SYNTAX:Array(list)
 ARGUMENTS:字符,数字均可
 EXAMPLE:<%
Dim myArray()
For i = 1 to 7
 Redim Preserve myArray(i)
 myArray(i) = WeekdayName(i)
Next
%>
 RESULT:建立了一个包含7个元素的数组myArray
myArray("Sunday","Monday", ... ... "Saturday")

CInt()
 FUNCTION:将一个表达式转化为数字类型
 SYNTAX:CInt(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:任何有效的字符均可
 EXAMPLE:<%
f = "234"
response.write cINT(f) + 2
%>
 RESULT:236
转化字符"234"为数字"234",如果字符串为空,则返回0值

CreateObject()
 FUNCTION:建立和返回一个已注册的ACTIVEX组件的实例。
 SYNTAX:CreateObject(objName)
 ARGUMENTS:objName 是任何一个有效、已注册的ACTIVEX组件的名字.
 EXAMPLE:<%
Set con = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
%>
 RESULT:

CStr()
 FUNCTION:转化一个表达式为字符串.
 SYNTAX:CStr(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:expression 是任何有效的表达式。
 EXAMPLE:<%
s = 3 + 2
response.write "The result is: " & cStr(s)
%>
 RESULT:转化数字“5”为字符“5”。

Date()
 FUNCTION:返回当前系统日期.
 SYNTAX:Date()
 ARGUMENTS:None.
 EXAMPLE:<%=Date%>
 RESULT:8/4/99

DateAdd()
 FUNCTION:返回一个被改变了的日期。
 SYNTAX:DateAdd(timeinterval,number,date)
 ARGUMENTS:timeinterval is the time interval to add; number is amount of time intervals to add; and date is the starting date.
 EXAMPLE:<%
currentDate = #8/4/99#
newDate = DateAdd("m",3,currentDate)
response.write newDate
%>

<%
currentDate = #12:34:45 PM#
newDate = DateAdd("h",3,currentDate)
response.write newDate
%>
 RESULT:11/4/99
3:34:45 PM

"m" = "month";
"d" = "day";

If currentDate is in time format then,
"h" = "hour";
"s" = "second";

DateDiff()
 FUNCTION:返回两个日期之间的差值 。
 SYNTAX:DateDiff(timeinterval,date1,date2 [, firstdayofweek [, firstweekofyear]])
 ARGUMENTS:timeinterval 表示相隔时间的类型,如“M“表示“月”。
 EXAMPLE:<%
fromDate = #8/4/99#
toDate = #1/1/2000#
response.write "There are " & _
 DateDiff("d",fromDate,toDate) & _
 " days to millenium from 8/4/99."
%>
 RESULT:从8/4/99 到2000年还有 150 天.

Day()
 FUNCTION:返回一个月的第几日.
 SYNTAX:Day(date)
 ARGUMENTS:date 是任何有效的日期。
 EXAMPLE:<%=Day(#8/4/99#)%>
 RESULT:4

FormatCurrency()
 FUNCTION:返回表达式,此表达式已被格式化为货币值
 SYNTAX:FormatCurrency(Expression [, Digit [, LeadingDigit [, Paren [, GroupDigit]]]])
 ARGUMENTS: Digit 指示小数点右侧显示位数的数值。默认值为 -1,指示使用的是计算机的区域设置; LeadingDigit 三态常数,指示是否显示小数值小数点前面的零。
 EXAMPLE:<%=FormatCurrency(34.3456)%>
 RESULT:$34.35

FormatDateTime()
 FUNCTION:返回表达式,此表达式已被格式化为日期或时间
 SYNTAX:FormatDateTime(Date, [, NamedFormat])
 ARGUMENTS:NamedFormat 指示所使用的日期/时间格式的数值,如果省略,则使用 vbGeneralDate.
 EXAMPLE:<%=FormatDateTime("08/4/99", vbLongDate)%>
 RESULT:Wednesday, August 04, 1999

FormatNumber()
 FUNCTION:返回表达式,此表达式已被格式化为数值.
 SYNTAX:FormatNumber(Expression [, Digit [, LeadingDigit [, Paren [, GroupDigit]]]])
 ARGUMENTS: Digit 指示小数点右侧显示位数的数值。默认值为 -1,指示使用的是计算机的区域设置。; LeadingDigit i指示小数点右侧显示位数的数值。默认值为 -1,指示使用的是计算机的区域设置。; Paren 指示小数点右侧显示位数的数值。默认值为 -1,指示使用的是计算机的区域设置。; GroupDigit i指示小数点右侧显示位数的数值。默认值为 -1,指示使用的是计算机的区域设置。.
 EXAMPLE:<%=FormatNumber(45.324567, 3)%>
 RESULT:45.325

FormatPercent()
 FUNCTION:返回表达式,此表达式已被格式化为尾随有 % 符号的百分比(乘以 100 )。 (%)
 SYNTAX:FormatPercent(Expression [, Digit [, LeadingDigit [, Paren [, GroupDigit]]]])
 ARGUMENTS:同上.
 EXAMPLE:<%=FormatPercent(0.45267, 3)%>
 RESULT:45.267%

Hour()
 FUNCTION:以24时返回小时数.
 SYNTAX:Hour(time)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%=Hour(#4:45:34 PM#)%>
 RESULT:16
(Hour has been converted to 24-hour system)

Instr()
 FUNCTION:返回字符或字符串在另一个字符串中第一次出现的位置.
 SYNTAX:Instr([start, ] strToBeSearched, strSearchFor [, compare])
 ARGUMENTS:Start为搜索的起始值,strToBeSearched接受搜索的字符串strSearchFor要搜索的字符.compare比较方式(详细见ASP常数)
 EXAMPLE:<%
strText = "This is a test!!"
pos = Instr(strText, "a")
response.write pos
%>
 RESULT:9

InstrRev()
 FUNCTION:同上,只是从字符串的最后一个搜索起
 SYNTAX:InstrRev([start, ] strToBeSearched, strSearchFor [, compare])
 ARGUMENTS:同上.
 EXAMPLE:<%
strText = "This is a test!!"
pos = InstrRev(strText, "s")
response.write pos
%>
 RESULT:13


Int()
 FUNCTION:返回数值类型,不四舍五入。
 SYNTAX:Int(number)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%=INT(32.89)%>
 RESULT:32

IsArray()
 FUNCTION:判断一对象是否为数组,返回布尔值.
 SYNTAX:IsArray(name)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "Test!"
response.write IsArray(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:False

IsDate()
 FUNCTION:判断一对象是否为日期,返回布尔值
 SYNTAX:IsDate(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:expression is any valid expression.
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "8/4/99"
response.write IsDate(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:True

IsEmpty()
 FUNCTION:判断一对象是否初始化,返回布尔值.
 SYNTAX:IsEmpty(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
Dim i
response.write IsEmpty(i)
%>
 RESULT:True

IsNull()
 FUNCTION:判断一对象是否为空,返回布尔值.
 SYNTAX:IsNull(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
Dim i
response.write IsNull(i)
%>
 RESULT:False

IsNumeric()
 FUNCTION:判断一对象是否为数字,返回布尔值.
 SYNTAX:IsNumeric(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
i = "345"
response.write IsNumeric(i)
%>
 RESULT:True
就算数字加了引号,ASP还是认为它是数字。

IsObject()
 FUNCTION:判断一对象是否为对象,返回布尔值.
 SYNTAX:IsObject(expression)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
Set con = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
response.write IsObject(con)
%>
 RESULT:True

LBound()
 FUNCTION:返回指定数组维的最小可用下标.
 SYNTAX:Lbound(arrayname [, dimension])
 ARGUMENTS:; dimension 指明要返回哪一维下界的整数。使用 1 表示第一维,2 表示第二维,以此类推。如果省略 dimension 参数,默认值为 1.
 EXAMPLE:<%
i = Array("Monday","Tuesday","Wednesday")
response.write LBound(i)
%>
 RESULT:0

LCase()
 FUNCTION:返回字符串的小写形式
 SYNTAX:Lcase(string)
 ARGUMENTS:string is any valid string expression.
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test!"
response.write LCase(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:this is a test!

Left()
 FUNCTION:返回字符串左边第length个字符以前的字符(含第length个字符).
 SYNTAX:Left(string, length)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test!"
response.write Left(strTest, 3)
%>
 RESULT:Thi

Len()
 FUNCTION:返回字符串的长度.
 SYNTAX:Len(string | varName)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test!"
response.write Len(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:15

LTrim()
 FUNCTION:去掉字符串左边的空格.
 SYNTAX:LTrim(string)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = " This is a test!"
response.write LTrim(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:This is a test!

Mid()
 FUNCTION:返回特定长度的字符串(从start开始,长度为length).
 SYNTAX:Mid(string, start [, length])
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test! Today is Monday."
response.write Mid(strTest, 17, 5)
%>
 RESULT:Today

Minute()
 FUNCTION:返回时间的分钏.
 SYNTAX:Minute(time)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%=Minute(#12:45:32 PM#)%>
 RESULT:45

Month()
 FUNCTION:返回日期.
 SYNTAX:Month(date)
 ARGUMENTS:date is any valid date expression.
 EXAMPLE:<%=Month(#08/04/99#)%>
 RESULT:8

MonthName()
 FUNCTION:Returns a string identifying the specified month.
 SYNTAX:MonthName(month, [, Abb])
 ARGUMENTS:month is the numeric representation for a given month; Abb (optional) is a boolean value used to display month abbreviation. True will display the abbreviated month name and False (default) will not show the abbreviation.
 EXAMPLE:<%=MonthName(Month(#08/04/99#))%>
 RESULT:August

Now()
 FUNCTION:Returns the current system date and time.
 SYNTAX:Now()
 ARGUMENTS:None
 EXAMPLE:<%=Now%>
 RESULT:8/4/99 9:30:16 AM

Replace()
 FUNCTION:Returns a string in which a specified sub-string has been replaced with another substring a specified number of times.
 SYNTAX:Replace(strToBeSearched, strSearchFor, strReplaceWith [, start [, count [, compare]]])
 ARGUMENTS:strToBeSearched is a string expression containing a sub-string to be replaced; strSearchFor is the string expression to search for within strToBeSearched; strReplaceWith is the string expression to replace sub-string strSearchFor; start (optional) is the numeric character position to begin search; count (optional) is a value indicating the comparision constant.
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is an apple!"
response.write Replace(strTest, "apple", "orange")
%>
 RESULT:This is an orange!

Right()
 FUNCTION:返回字符串右边第length个字符以前的字符(含第length个字符).
 SYNTAX:Right(string, length)
 ARGUMENTS:.
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is an test!"
response.write Right(strTest, 3)
%>
 RESULT:st!

Rnd()
 FUNCTION:产生一个随机数.
 SYNTAX:Rnd [ (number) ]
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
Randomize()
response.write RND()
%>
 RESULT:任何一个在0 到 1 之间的数

Round()
 FUNCTION:返回按指定位数进行四舍五入的数值.
 SYNTAX:Round(expression [, numRight])
 ARGUMENTS:numRight数字表明小数点右边有多少位进行四舍五入。如果省略,则 Round 函数返回整数.
 EXAMPLE:<%
i = 32.45678
response.write Round(i)
%>
 RESULT:32

Rtrim()
 FUNCTION:去掉字符串右边的字符串.
 SYNTAX:Rtrim(string)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test!! "
response.write RTrim(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:This is a test!!

Second()
 FUNCTION:返回秒.
 SYNTAX:Second(time)
 ARGUMENTS:.
 EXAMPLE:<%=Second(#12:34:28 PM#)%>
 RESULT:28

StrReverse()
 FUNCTION:反排一字符串
 SYNTAX:StrReverse(string)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test!!"
response.write StrReverse(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:!!tset a si sihT

Time()
 FUNCTION:返回系统时间.
 SYNTAX:Time()
 ARGUMENTS:.
 EXAMPLE:<%=Time%>
 RESULT:9:58:28 AM

Trim()
 FUNCTION:去掉字符串左右的空格.
 SYNTAX:Trim(string)
 ARGUMENTS:string is any valid string expression.
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = " This is a test!! "
response.write Trim(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:This is a test!!

UBound()
 FUNCTION:返回指定数组维数的最大可用下标.
 SYNTAX:Ubound(arrayname [, dimension])
 ARGUMENTS:; dimension (optional) 指定返回哪一维上界的整数。1 表示第一维,2 表示第二维,以此类推。如果省略 dimension 参数,则默认值为 1.
 EXAMPLE:<%
i = Array("Monday","Tuesday","Wednesday")
response.write UBound(i)
%>
 RESULT:2

UCase()
 FUNCTION:返回字符串的大写形式.
 SYNTAX:UCase(string)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
strTest = "This is a test!!"
response.write UCase(strTest)
%>
 RESULT:THIS IS A TEST!!

VarType()
 FUNCTION:返回指示变量子类型的值
 SYNTAX:VarType(varName)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%
i = 3
response.write varType(i)
%>
 RESULT:2(数字)详见"asp常数"

WeekDay()
 FUNCTION:返回在一周的第几天.
 SYNTAX:WeekDay(date [, firstdayofweek])
 ARGUMENTS:.
 EXAMPLE:<%
d = #8/4/99#
response.write Weekday(d)
%>
 RESULT:4(星期三)

WeekDayName()
 FUNCTION:返回一周第几天的名字.
 SYNTAX:WeekDayName(weekday [, Abb [, firstdayofweek]])
 ARGUMENTS:Abb可选。Boolean 值,指明是否缩写表示星期各天的名称。如果省略, 默认值为 False,即不缩写星期各天的名称.firstdayofweek指明星期第一天的数值
 EXAMPLE:<%
d = #8/4/99#
response.write WeekdayName(Weekday(d))
%>
 RESULT:Wednesday

Year()
 FUNCTION:返回当前的年份.
 SYNTAX:Year(date)
 ARGUMENTS:
 EXAMPLE:<%=Year(#8/4/99#)%>
 RESULT:1999

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