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redhad下的openssl(安装和卸载)

发表于2004/10/27 22:12:00  21278人阅读

分类: linux

        最近在鼓捣redhat linux,想自己以源代码方式安装软件,不想用rpm方式安装。
        首先从httpd开始,先卸载在安装倒是比较容易,不过后来像添加ssl功能,发现编译的时候需要用openssl的安装目录,本人比较愚笨,一顿好找也没有找到,于是就想把openssl也以源代码方式安装。先卸载,此时出现问题,系统好多东西依赖于openssl的库,我查了好多资料也没找到什么办法,于是我最后一狠心,用rpm -e --nodeps给卸载了,然后手动安装了openssl,然后重新启动,这下坏了,好多服务都起不来了,smb,ssh等等,图形模式也起不来了,我欲哭无泪。
        因为我是在虚拟机上安装的,smb起不来了,我只能重新安装系统了。这次安装我大多数东西都没选择,一路安装完毕,结果在文本方式发现vi编辑没有颜色了,哎,也不知道是少装了那个东西弄得(各位谁知道麻烦告诉告诉我一下),只能按照猜测重新安装了又添加了一些东西。不过幸运的vi高亮显示功能又有了,遗憾的是具体是那个软件我还是不清楚。有了上次的教训我不敢轻易卸掉系统原来的openssl了,我从网上搜索到了一篇安装openssl的英文文章,地址在 http://www.devside.net/web/server/linux/openssl 我按照上面说的安装了zlib,openssl。步骤简介如下(怕以后忘了)

        安装zlib

Our Configuration
  • Install to : /usr/local
  • Module types : dynamically and staticly loaded modules, *.so and *.a  
Build Instructions

zlib library files are placed into /usr/local/lib and zlib header files are placed into /usr/local/include, by default.

  • Build static libraries
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# ./configure
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# make test
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# make install
  • Build shared libraries
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# make clean
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# ./configure --shared
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# make test
    • .../zlib-1.2.1]# make install
  • .../zlib-1.2.1]# cp zutil.h /usr/local/include
  • .../zlib-1.2.1]# cp zutil.c /usr/local/include
  • /usr/local/lib should now contain...
    libz.a
    libz.so -> libz.so.1.2.1
    libz.so.1 -> libz.so.1.2.1
    libz.so.1.2.1
  • /usr/local/include should now contain...
    zconf.h
    zlib.h
    zutil.h
  • [Optional] Instructions for non-standard placement of zlib
    • Create the directory that will contain zlib
      • .../zlib-1.2.1]# mkdir /usr/local/zlib
    • Follow the given procedure above, except
      • .../zlib-1.2.1]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib
Update the Run-Time Linker

/etc/ld.so.cache will need to be updated with the new zlib shared lib: libz.so.1.2.1

  • For standard zlib installation...
    • Add /usr/local/lib to /etc/ld.so.conf, if specified path is not present
    • /etc]# ldconfig
  • If zlib was installed with a prefix...
    • Add /usr/local/zlib/lib to /etc/ld.so.conf
    • /etc]# ldconfig


    安装openssl

Download
Our Configuration
  • install to : /usr/local/ssl
  • module types : dynamically and staticly loaded modules, *.so *.a
Build Instructions
  • .../openssl-0.9.7d]# ./config
    • --prefix=/usr/local/ssl
    • [default location]
    • shared
    • [in addition to the usual static libraries, create shared libraries]
    • zlib-dynamic
    • [like "zlib", but has OpenSSL load the zlib library dynamically when needed]
  • .../openssl-0.9.7d]# ./config -t
  • [display guess on system made by ./config]
  • .../openssl-0.9.7d]# make
  • .../openssl-0.9.7d]# make test
  • .../openssl-0.9.7d]# make install
Update the Run-time Linker

ld.so.cache will need to be updated with the location of the new OpenSSL shared libs: libcrypto.so.0.9.7 and libssl.so.0.9.7

Sometimes it is sufficient to just add these two files to /lib, but we recommend you follow these instructions instead.

  • Edit /etc/ld.so.conf
    • Add /usr/local/ssl/lib to the bottom.
  • ...]# ldconfig
Update the PATH
  • Edit /root/.bash_profile
    • Add /usr/local/ssl/bin to the PATH variable.
  • Re-login
Testing
  • ...]# openssl version
    • Should display OpenSSL 0.9.7d 17 Mar 2004
    • If an older version is shown, your system contains a previously installed OpenSSL.
      • Repeate the steps in Update the PATH, except place the specified location at the start of the PATH variable.
      • [the older openssl, on most systems, is located under /usr/bin]
      • [the command 'which openssl' should display the path of the openssl that your system is using]
  • /usr/local/ssl/bin]# ./openssl version should display the correct version.

     但是我最后没有得到想要的结果,系统原来的openssl还是没能卸载掉,我该怎么做那?我继续搜索资料,哈,幸运的我找了,在一个国内论坛上是这么说的
      cd /usr/local/ssl/lib
      ln -s libcrypto.so.0.9.7 libcrypto.so.2
      ln -s libssl.so.0.9.7 libssl.so.2

      //最后要刷新系统的动态连接库配置
      echo /usr/local/ssl/lib >> /etc/ld.so.conf
      ldconfig -v
        这下子我豁然开朗,原来依赖的那2个文件是个软链接啊,我把它修改为我现在真正的openssl库文件不是就行了吗?于是一顿忙碌后,我终于执行了 rpm -e -nodeps ,然后重新启动系统,一路运行下去,全是绿灯。一时间感觉自己好幸福啊
       为了这个问题我查了国内的几个比较大的unix/linux网站都没找到资料,不过从这里http://bbs.netbuddy.org/unix/737.html还是找到了(国外的E文大概意思能看懂,但是查找起来还是没找到,也不知道这方面好点的网站),

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