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树形目录的递归实现(一)数据库+jsp+javabean

发表于2003/4/2 9:01:00  3114人阅读

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=gb2312" language="java" import="java.sql.*" errorPage="" %>
<!--
数据库结构:
库名:test
表名:tree
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tree] (
 [id] [int] IDENTITY (1, 1) NOT NULL ,
 [parentid] [int] NOT NULL ,
 [message] [varchar] (50) COLLATE Chinese_PRC_CI_AS NULL
)
为了达到比较好的效果,这里准备了五张小图片
加号:plus.gif
减号:minus.gif
打开的文件夹:openfold.gif
关闭的文件夹:closedfold.gif
白板:white.gif
-->
<%!//方便起见这里就不写成javabean了
class cn {//连接数据库,这里以MS-SQL为例
String jdbcDriver="com.microsoft.jdbc.sqlserver.SQLServerDriver";//jdbc驱动
String connectionString="jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://localhost:1433;DatabaseName=test";//数据库连接字符串
String user="sa";//数据库用户名
String pass="";//数据库密码
Connection conn=null;
ResultSet rs=null;

public cn() {
try {
 Class.forName(jdbcDriver);
} catch(ClassNotFoundException e) {
 System.err.println(e.toString());
}
}

public ResultSet executeQuery(String sql) {
rs=null;
try {
conn=DriverManager.getConnection(connectionString,user,pass);
Statement stmt=conn.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE);
rs=stmt.executeQuery(sql);
}
catch(SQLException e) {
System.err.println(e.toString());
}
return rs;
}

public void executeUpdate(String sql) {
try {
conn=DriverManager.getConnection(connectionString,user,pass);
Statement stmt=conn.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE);
stmt.executeUpdate(sql);
}
catch(SQLException e) {
System.err.println(e.toString());
}
}
}

class tree {
cn conn=new cn();
public void init(javax.servlet.jsp.JspWriter out,javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
 out.println("<title>用jsp种树</title>");
 dowith(request);
 buildTree(out,0,0);//初始调用
}

private void dowith(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request) {
if(request.getParameter("parentid")==null||request.getParameter("parentid").equals(""))return;
String action=request.getParameter("action");
if(action.equals("add"))
 conn.executeUpdate("insert into tree(parentid,message) values('"+request.getParameter("parentid")+"','"+request.getParameter("message")+"')");
else if(action.equals("delete"))
 conn.executeUpdate("delete from tree where id="+request.getParameter("parentid")+" or parentid="+request.getParameter("parentid"));
}

public void buildTree(javax.servlet.jsp.JspWriter out,int parentid,int level) throws Exception {
 level++;
 ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery("select * from tree where parentid="+parentid+" order by id");
 while(rs.next()) {
  out.println("<div>");
  for(int i=0;i<level-1;i++)
   out.print("<img src=/"white.gif/"> ");
  if(has_child(rs.getInt("id"))) {
   out.print("<img alt=/"展开/" style=/"cursor:hand;/" onclick=/"myClick('"+rs.getInt("id")+"');/" id=/"img"+rs.getInt("id")+"/" src=/"plus.gif/"> <img id=/"im"+rs.getInt("id")+"/" src=/"closedfold.gif/"> ");
   out.print("<span onclick=/"myClick1('"+rs.getInt("id")+"');/" style=/"cursor:default;/" id=/"span"+rs.getInt("id")+"/">"+rs.getString("message")+" id="+rs.getInt("id")+"</span>");
   out.println("<div style=/"display:none;/" id=/"div"+rs.getInt("id")+"/">");
   buildTree(out,rs.getInt("id"),level);//递归调用
   out.println("</div>");
  } else
   out.print("<img src=/"minus.gif/"> <img src=/"openfold.gif/"> <span onclick=/"myClick1('"+rs.getInt("id")+"');/" style=/"cursor:default;/" id=/"span"+rs.getInt("id")+"/">"+rs.getString("message")+" id="+rs.getInt("id")+"</span>");
  out.println("</div>");
 }
 rs.close();
 rs=null;
}

private boolean has_child(int parentid) throws Exception {
 ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery("select * from tree where parentid="+parentid+" order by id");
 return rs.next();
}

public String getOption() throws Exception {
 String option="";
 ResultSet rs=conn.executeQuery("select * from tree order by id");
 while(rs.next())
  option+="<option value=/""+rs.getInt("id")+"/">"+rs.getInt("id")+"</option>/n";
 return option;
}
}
%>
<!--以上代码可以写成javabean-->
<script language="JavaScript"><!--这段js为了实现树的展开和关闭的效果-->
<!--
function myClick(id) {
 eval("var div=div"+id);
 eval("var img=img"+id);
 eval("var im=im"+id);
 div.style.display=div.style.display!="none"?"none":"block";
 img.src=div.style.display!="none"?"minus.gif":"plus.gif";
 im.src=div.style.display!="none"?"openfold.gif":"closedfold.gif";
 img.alt=div.style.display!="none"?"关闭":"展开";
}
function myClick1(id) {
 document.form1.parentid.value=id;
}
//-->
</script>
<table>
<tr><td height="300" valign="top">
<%
tree myTree=new tree();
myTree.init(out,request);
%>
</td></tr>
<tr><td valign="top">
<%
if(myTree.getOption().equals("")) {
%>
<form name="form1" action="" method="get">
parentid:0-表示根节点
message:<input type="text" name="message">
<input type="hidden" name="parentid" value="0">
<input type="submit" name="action" value="add">
</form>
<%} else {%>
<form name="form1" action="" method="get">
parentid:<select name="parentid"><%=myTree.getOption()%></select>
message:<input type="text" name="message">
<input type="submit" name="action" value="add">&nbsp;<input type="submit" name="action" value="delete">
</form>
<%}%>
</td></tr></table>

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