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Petstore源码追踪记(3)-商业逻辑处理(三)

发表于2003/1/28 19:01:00  1347人阅读

  (接上期)作者:欧宣修

 

10 编译成功画面

重新部署
如:build deploy

11 部署成功画面

现在我们可开启浏览器,依上述流程重新执行一次,当进入http://localhost:8080/petstore/index.jsp,观察RI Console秀出
登入页、登入失败页之URL

12 登入页、登入失败页之URL

从首页点选使用者帐号浏览页,RI Console秀出目的页URL及找出customer.do为保护页:

13 目的页URL及找出customer.do为保护页

第二阶段

登入画面(signon.screen)可从screendefinitions_en_US.xml找出内容对应档案为signon.jsp,它源码位置在petstore_home/src/apps/petstore/src/docroot,开启它请看约53列:

<waf:form  name="existingcustomer" action="j_signon_check" method="POST">
    <table cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" border="0">
     <tr>
      <td class="petstore" align="center" colspan="2">
       <b>Yes.</b>
      </td>
     </tr>
     <tr>
      <td class="petstore_form" align="right">
       <b>User Name:</b>
      </td>
      <td class="petstore_form">
      <c:choose>
      <c:when  test="${cookie['bp_signon'] != null && cookie['bp_signon']
!=''}">
       <waf:input cssClass="petstore_form"
                             type="text"
                              size="15"
                           name="j_username"
                    validation="validation">
       <waf:value><c:out value="${cookie['bp_signon'].value}"/></waf:value>
      </waf:input>
     </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
以下略...


这是一个典型的Web-Form输入画面,使用了JSTLPetstore自已写的自订卷标(Custom Tag),这些卷标的用法不是本文的讨论重点,请读者自行参阅相关文件、书籍,我们将焦点放在流程上,请注意上述的程序片段粗体部份,使用者将帐号(User Name)及密码(Password)输入后按登入(Sign In)钮,服务器(Web Server)会将request传送给” j_signon_check”这个奇怪的URL,我们再回到SignOnFilter,在初始的变量宣告上,可找到这个URL,约70列:

public static final String FORM_SIGNON_URL = "j_signon_check";

doFilter()函式可发现下列程序接收Request进行验证,顺便加上侦察程序代码(Debug code),方便待会程序验证:

//
判断使用者从登入画面(signon.screen)进行验证工作
if ((targetURL != null) && targetURL.equals(FORM_SIGNON_URL)) {
  System.out.println("FORM SIGNON CHECK");
    validateSignOn(request, response, chain);
    // jump out of this method
    return;
}

接着在validateSignON()函式进行使用者验证工作,从Request取出使用者输入的字段值,若使用者有勾选Remember My UserName(记住我的帐号)功能,则产生Cookie记录使用者帐号,再来透过EJB tier从数据库读取资料进行比对,验证成功则将使用者帐号(USER_NAME)及是否已登入(SIGNED_ON_USER)参数存入Session,从Request取出目的URL(ORIGINAL_URL),将网页转导就会到达我们的目的地-使用者基本资料浏览画面(customer.do)
;若验证有误则将网页转导到登入失败画面(signon_error.screen)
,请读者顺便加上侦察程序代码。

public  void validateSignOn(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse  response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        //
Request取出使用者输入的字段值
        // convert to a http servlet request for now
        HttpServletRequest hreq = (HttpServletRequest)request;
        HttpServletResponse hres = (HttpServletResponse)response;
        // get the user name
        String userName = hreq.getParameter(FORM_USER_NAME);
        // get the password
        String password = hreq.getParameter(FORM_PASSWORD);
        // check if the user wants userName set in cookie
        String rememberUserName =
     hreq.getParameter(REMEMBER_USERNAME);
        //
若使用者有勾选Remember My User Name(记住我的帐号)功能,则产生Cookie记录使用者帐号
        if (rememberUserName != null) {
          // set a cookie with the username in it
          Cookie userNameCookie = new Cookie(COOKIE_NAME, userName);
          // set cookie to last for one month
          userNameCookie.setMaxAge(2678400);
          hres.addCookie(userNameCookie);
        } else {
            // see if the cookie exists and remove accordingly
            Cookie[] cookies = hreq.getCookies();
            if (cookies != null) {
                for (int loop=0; loop < cookies.length; loop++) {
                    if (cookies[loop].getName().equals(COOKIE_NAME)) {
                        cookies[loop].setMaxAge(0);
                        hres.addCookie(cookies[loop]);

                    }
                }
            }
        }
        //
透过EJB从数据库读取资料进行比对
        //validate against the registered users
        SignOnLocal signOn = getSignOnEjb();
    //请加入侦察程序代码,方便稍候程序验证
    System.out.println("进行EJB tier使用者验证");
        //
帐号及密码验证
        boolean authenticated = signOn.authenticate(userName, password);
        if (authenticated) {
            //
验证成功则将使用者帐号(USER_NAME)及是否已登入(SIGNED_ON_USER)参数
存入Session
            // place a true boolean in the session
            if (hreq.getSession().getAttribute(USER_NAME) != null) {
                hreq.getSession().removeAttribute(USER_NAME);
            }
            hreq.getSession().setAttribute(USER_NAME, userName);
            // remove the sign on user key before putting it back in
            if (hreq.getSession().getAttribute(SIGNED_ON_USER) != null) {
                hreq.getSession().removeAttribute(SIGNED_ON_USER);
            }
            hreq.getSession().setAttribute(SIGNED_ON_USER, new Boolean(true));
//
将网页转导就会到达我们的目的地-使用者基本资料浏览画面(customer.do)
            // redirect to the original destination
            String targetURL =
(String)hreq.getSession().getAttribute(ORIGINAL_URL);
            hres.sendRedirect(targetURL);
            return;
        } else {
      //若验证有误则将网页转导到登入失败画面(signon_error.screen)
            hres.sendRedirect(signOnErrorPage);
            return;
        }
     }

     //
取得SignOn Local Stateless Session Bean Reference
     private SignOnLocal getSignOnEjb() throws ServletException {
         SignOnLocal signOn = null;
         try {
            InitialContext ic = new InitialContext();
            Object o = ic.lookup("java:comp/env/ejb/local/SignOn");
            SignOnLocalHome home =(SignOnLocalHome)o;
            signOn = home.create();
         } catch (javax.ejb.CreateException cx) {
             throw new ServletException("Failed to Create SignOn EJB: caught "
+ cx);
         } catch (javax.naming.NamingException nx) {
             throw new ServletException("Failed to Create SignOn EJB: caught "
+ nx);
        }
        return signOn;
     }

Object o = ic.lookup("java:comp/env/ejb/local/SignOn");
透过上述程序代码可追纵SignOnEJB相关信息:

                                                      (
待续)
与作者联络: senshaw@ms4.hinet.net
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