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Win32::ODBC Object Document

发表于2002/1/5 18:21:00  810人阅读

Win32::ODBC - Object
 
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Creating an ODBC Object
Your script will need to have the following line:
 
    use Win32::ODBC;
Then you will need to create a data connection to your DSN:
 
    $Data = new Win32::ODBC("MyDSN");
You shoud check to see if $Data is indeed defined otherwise there has been
an error. You can now send SQL queries and retrieve info to your heart's
content! See the description of functions below and also test.pl to see how
it all works.
 
Make sure that you close your connection when you are finished:
 
    $Data->Close();
 
 
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Object Methods
General Note
All methods assume that you have the line:
    use Win32::ODBC;
somewhere before the method calls, and that you have an ODBC object called
$db which was created using some call similar to:
    $db = new Win32::ODBC("MyDSN");
See new for more information.
Also, in an effort to keep the examples short, no error checking is done on
return values for any calls other than the one being exemplified. You
should always check for error conditions in production code.
 
WARNING: The example code has not yet been tested. This will be fixed ASAP,
but be forwarned!
 
Methods
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Catalog
qualifier, owner, name, type
Retrieves the catalog from the current ODBC object. Returns a four-element
array (Qualifier, Owner, Name, Type). Note:All fieldnames are uppercase!
Example:
($qualifier, $owner, $name, $type) = $db->Catalog("", "", "%", "'TABLE'");
 
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Connection
Returns the object's ODBC connection number.
Example:
$cnum = $db->Connection;
 
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Close
Closes the ODBC connection for this object. It always returns undef.
Example:
$db->Close();
 
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Data
Data list
Retrieve data from previous fetch for a list of field names. In a scalar
context it returns all of the field values concatenated together. In an
array context, it returns an array of the values, in the order in which
they were specified. If no field names are given, all fields are returned
in an unspecified order.
Example:
$db->Sql("SELECT f1, f2, f3 FROM foo");
$db->FetchRow();
($f1, $f2) = $db->Data("f1", "f2");
 
or
 
$db->Sql("SELECT * FROM foo");
$db->FetchRow();
@values = $db->Data;
See also: DataHash
 
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DataHash
DataHash list
Retrieve data from previous fetch for a list of field names. Returns a hash
where the field name is the key. If no field names are given, all fields
are returned.
Example:
$db->Sql("SELECT f1, f2, f3 FROM foo");
$db->FetchRow();
%hash = $db->DataHash("f1", "f2");
print $hash{f1};
 
or
 
$db->Sql("SELECT * FROM foo");
$db->FetchRow();
%hash = $db->DataHash;
foreach $key (sort(keys %hash)) {
    print $key, '=', $hash{$key}, "/n";
}
See also: Data
 
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DataSources
Returns an associative array of Data Sources and ODBC remarks in the form
of:
$ArrayName{'DSN'} = Remark
where DSN is the Data Source Name and Remark is, well, the remark.
Example:
%rem = $db->DataSources;
print LOG qq(Current DSN's Remark: "), %rem{$db->GetDSN}, qq("/n);
 
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Drivers
Returns an associative array of Drivers and their attributes in the form
of:
$ArrayName{'DRIVER'} = Attrib1;Attrib2;Attrib3;...
where DRIVER is the ODBC Driver Name and AttribX are the driver-defined
attributes.
Example:
%attrib = $db->Drivers;
print LOG qq($driver: $attrib{$driver}/n) foreach $driver (keys %attrib);
 
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DumpError
Dump to the screen details about the last error condition. This includes
error number, error text and the ODBC connection number that caused the
error (if there is one). This is used primarily for debugging.
Example:
$db = new Win32::ODBC("My DSN");
if (undef $db){
    Win32::ODBC::DumpError();
}
if ($db->Sql("Select * FROM foo")){
    $db->DumpError;
}
 
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DumpData
Dump to the screen all field names and the data in all rows of the current
dataset. This is used primarily for debugging.
Example:
$db->Sql("Select * FROM foo");
$db->DumpData;
 
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Error
Returns the last recorded error in the form of an array or string
(depending upon the context) containing the error number, error text and
the ODBC connection that caused the error (if there is one).
Example:
die $db->Error(), qq(/n);
 
($ErrNum, $ErrText, $ErrConn) = $db->Error();
 
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FetchRow
Fetches the next row of data from the previous specified SQL statement. You
would then call Data or DataHash to actually retrieve the individual
elements of data. Returns undef if there's an error, TRUE otherwise.
Example:
$db->Sql("SELECT * FROM foo");
$db->FetchRow() || die qq(Fetch error: ), $db->Error(), qq(/n);
$f1 = $db->Data("f1");
See also: Sql, Data, DataHash
 
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FieldNames
Returns a list of field names extracted from the current dataset. This is
used mostly for testing/debugging. FieldNames returns the data in an array,
with no guarantee of the order of the names.
Example:
$db->Sql("SELECT * FROM foo");
$db->FetchRow();
foreach $fd ($db->FieldNames()) print qq($fd: "), $db->Data($fd), qq("/n);
 
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GetConnections
Returns an array of connection numbers for all objects.
Example:
@cnums = $db->GetConnections;
 
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GetDSN
GetDSN conn
Returns the DSN (Data Source Name) or the ODBCDriverConnect string for the
connection conn, or the current connection if not specified.
Example:
print LOG qq(Current connection: "), $db->GetDSN, qq("/n);
 
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GetMaxBufSize
Returns the current maximum single field data size, in bytes.
Example:
$max = $db->GetMaxBufSize;
$db->SetMaxBufSize($needed) if ($max < $needed);
See also: SetMaxBufSize
 
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GetStmtCloseType
Returns the current ODBC close type setting. This is used mainly for
debugging. Type will be one of: SQL_CLOSE, SQL_DROP, SQL_UNBIND, or
SQL_RESET_PARAMS. See SetStmtCloseType for more info on what each of the
types mean, and how they are used.
Example:
$oldct = $db->GetStmtCloseType;
$db->SetStmtCloseType(SQL_DROP);
...
$db->SetStmtCloseType($oldct);
See also: SetStmtCloseType
 
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MoreResults
Sees if more result sets are present and initializes for fetching rows from
next result set. You would then call FetchRow to actually fetch the next
row of the next result set. Returns undef if there's an error, TRUE
otherwise.
Example:
$db->Sql("SELECT * FROM foo/n  SELECT * FROM bar");
$db->FetchRow() || die qq(Fetch error: ), $db->Error(), qq(/n);
$f1 = $db->Data("f1");
$db->MoreResults() || die qq(Error checking for more result sets: ),
$db->Error(), qq(/n);
$db->FetchRow() || die qq(Fetch error: ), $db->Error(), qq(/n);
$f1 = $db->Data("f1");
See also: Sql, Data
 
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new Win32::ODBC(DSN)
new Win32::ODBC(ODBCDriverConnect)
Creates a new ODBC object, given a DSN (Data Source Name) or a properly
formatted ODBCDriverConnect string. Returns the created ODBC object or
undef if there is an error.
Example:
$DSN = "MyDSN";
$db = new Win32::ODBC($DSN);
die qq(Cannot open new ODBC/n) if ! $db;
 
or
 
$db = new Win32::ODBC("dsn=FOO;UID=BAR;PWD=FUBAR");
die qq(Cannot open new ODBC/n) if ! $db;
 
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RowCount
Returns the number of rows that were affected by the previous SQL command.
Note: This does not work on all ODBC connections.
Example:
$db->Sql("SELECT * FROM foo");
print DBG q(# of records: ), $db->RowCount(), qq(/n);
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Run
stmt
Submit the SQL statement stmt and print data about it. This is used only in
debugging.
Example:
$db->Run("SELECT * FROM foo");
See also: Sql
 
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SetMaxBufSize
size
Sets the maximum buffer size that a single field can allocate when
executing a FetchRow. The default limit is 10240 bytes and the absolute
maximum is set to 2147483647 bytes. This absolute maximum can be reset by
recompiling the module. Returns undef if successful.
Example:
$newsize = 20480;
$rc = $db->SetMaxBufSize($newsize);
die qq(SetMaxBufSize($newsize) error: ), $db->Error, qq(/n) if ! $rc;
See also: GetMaxBufSize
 
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SetStmtCloseType
type
Sets the current ODBC close type setting used by the ODBC Manager. This is
used mainly for debugging. Normally, when you open a statement handle and
perform a query (or whatever) the results are associated with the
statement. You need to free the statement in order to execute another
query. When you do this, usually the dataset (from the query) is cached.
This caching action may be good for speed but could cause some memory
problems if your dataset is huge. See the ODBC API call SQLFreeStmt(hstmt,
option) for more details. (All of this is handled automatically by the
Win32::ODBC package).
 
Type will be one of:
SQL_CLOSE - just close the statement (use caching)
SQL_DROP - close and drop all results (do not use caching)
SQL_UNBIND - close and remove bindings to columns (odbc.pll does not bind
vars to columns)
SQL_RESET_PARAMS - close and reset all of the bound parameters (such as
type casting for columns; see SQLFreeStmt())
Example:
$oldct = $db->GetStmtCloseType;
$db->SetStmtCloseType(SQL_DROP);
...
$db->SetStmtCloseType($oldct);
See also: GetStmtCloseType
 
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ShutDown
Closes the ODBC connection and print data about it. This is used only in
debugging.
Example:
$db->Shutdown;
See also: Close
 
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Sql
stmt
Executes the SQL command stmt. Returns undef on success, SQL error code on
failure.
Example:
$stmt = "SELECT * FROM foo";
$rc = $db->Sql($stmt);
die qq(SQL failed "$stmt": ), $db->Error(), qq(/n) if $rc;
See also: Error
 
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TableList
TableList qualifier, owner, name, type
Retrieves the list of table names from the current ODBC object using
Catalog. If not specified, qualifier and owner default to "", name defaults
to "%", and type defaults to "'TABLE'". TableList returns an array of table
names. Note:All fieldnames are uppercase!
Example:
@tables = $db->TableList;
See also: Catalog
 
 
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Examples
 
 
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This page maintined by Joe Casadonte. Please let me if something is wrong
or does not make sense. Send these or other comments to: joc@netaxs.com.

 
 
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 Win32::ODBC Object Documentation Page.
Copyright ?Dave Roth and Joseph L. Casadonte Jr. 1996. All rights reserved.
Courtesy of Roth Consulting.
 
Last updated 2001.09.13

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