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tomcat5.0+mysql配置JDBCRealm,DBCP,ssl解决详解

发表于2004/11/3 10:56:00  1300人阅读

分类: Web service

准备环境:
1.j2sdk-1_4_2-windows-i586.exe    //jdk
2.mysql-4.0.20d-win.zip        //mysql数据库
3.mysqlcc-0.9.4-win32.zip    //mysqlGUI控制
4.jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27.exe    //tomcat服务器
5.mysql-connector-java-3.0.14-production.zip //内含mysql驱动

安装步骤:
1.安装jdk
2.安装tomcat
3.安装mysql
4.安装mysqlcc
5.将驱动包解压,拷贝mysql-connector-java-3.0.14-production-bin.jar到tomcat/common/lib下
或者下载mm.mysql-2.0.14-you-must-unjar-me.jar,解压后拷贝其中的mm.mysql-2.0.14-bin.jar

Tomcat5.0配置 本例使用安装密码 198277
1.配置manager 管理应用程序
在conf/server.xml 中
添加如下

<Service name="Catalina">
...

   <Context path="/manager" debug="0" privileged="true"
            docBase="/usr/local/kinetic/tomcat5/server/webapps/manager">
   </Context>

</Service>

限制ip访问配置
<Context path="/manager" debug="0" privileged="true"
        docBase="/usr/local/kinetic/tomcat5/server/webapps/manager">
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RemoteAddrValve"
               allow="127.0.0.1"/>
</Context>
测试为:http://localhost:8080/manager/html

2.配置JDBCRealm容器管理安全,以mysql-4.0数据库为例
a.拷贝驱动mm.mysql-2.0.14-bin.jar到common/lib/下
b.在数据库ycg中建表
  
create table users (
 user_name         varchar(15) not null primary key,
 user_pass         varchar(15) not null
);

create table user_roles (
 user_name         varchar(15) not null,
 role_name         varchar(15) not null,
 primary key (user_name, role_name)
);

c.修改server.xml如下(默认数据库为root,无密码,如果有形如:connectionURL="jdbc:mysql://localhost/authority?

user=dbuser&password=dbpass")
     <Realm  className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
            driverName="org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver"
         connectionURL="jdbc:mysql://localhost/ycg?user=root"
        connectionName="" connectionPassword=""
             userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
         userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

d.在数据库中添加入tomcat的默认配置数据:

------------------+
| user_name | role_name |
------------------+
| admin     | admin     |
| admin     | manager   |
| both      | role1     |
| both      | tomcat    |
| role1     | role1     |
| tomcat    | tomcat    |
------------------+
------------------+
| user_name | user_pass |
------------------+
| tomcat    | tomcat    |
| both      | tomcat    |
| role1     | tomcat    |
| admin     | 198277    |
------------------+

e.启动mysql,启动tomcat,此后tomcat将从数据库中读用户规则认证.默认的conf/tomcat-users.xml失效

3.DBCP的配置
a.设置
            <parameter>
             <name>removeAbandoned</name>
             <value>true</value>
           </parameter>

可使失效的数据连接重新启用.
配套设置
  
            <parameter>
             <name>removeAbandonedTimeout</name>
             <value>60</value>
           </parameter>
失效时间
如果要写入日志
设置
           <parameter>
             <name>logAbandoned</name>
             <value>true</value>
           </parameter>
以上三个默认都是false
b.以mysql为例,配置数据连接池
c.配置新的用户与数据库,必须设定密码,空密码将导致连接失败
e.
指定root密码:mysqladmin -u root -h localhost password "198277"
(需修改上面的jdbcrealm设置connectionURL="jdbc:mysql://localhost/ycg?user=root&password=198277")
命令mysql进入匿名连接到服务器
密码访问
shell> mysql -h host -u user -p
Enter password: ********

//如果root没有密码,以下是不成功的.(试过了)
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO javauser@localhost
   ->   IDENTIFIED BY 'javadude' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> create database javatest;
mysql> use javatest;
mysql> create table testdata (
   ->   id int not null auto_increment primary key,
   ->   foo varchar(25),
   ->   bar int);

在conf/server.xml中<host></host>中添加
<Context path="/DBTest" docBase="DBTest"
       debug="5" reloadable="true" crossContext="true">

 <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
            prefix="localhost_DBTest_log." suffix=".txt"
            timestamp="true"/>

 <Resource name="jdbc/TestDB"
              auth="Container"
              type="javax.sql.DataSource"/>

 <ResourceParams name="jdbc/TestDB">
   <parameter>
     <name>factory</name>
     <value>org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSourceFactory</value>
   </parameter>

   <!-- Maximum number of dB connections in pool. Make sure you
        configure your mysqld max_connections large enough to handle
        all of your db connections. Set to 0 for no limit.
        -->
   <parameter>
     <name>maxActive</name>
     <value>100</value>
   </parameter>

   <!-- Maximum number of idle dB connections to retain in pool.
        Set to 0 for no limit.
        -->
   <parameter>
     <name>maxIdle</name>
     <value>30</value>
   </parameter>

   <!-- Maximum time to wait for a dB connection to become available
        in ms, in this example 10 seconds. An Exception is thrown if
        this timeout is exceeded.  Set to -1 to wait indefinitely.
        -->
   <parameter>
     <name>maxWait</name>
     <value>10000</value>
   </parameter>

   <!-- MySQL dB username and password for dB connections  -->
   <parameter>
    <name>username</name>
    <value>javauser</value>
   </parameter>
   <parameter>
    <name>password</name>
    <value>javadude</value>
   </parameter>

   <!-- Class name for the old mm.mysql JDBC driver - uncomment this entry and comment next
        if you want to use this driver - we recommend using Connector/J though
   <parameter>
      <name>driverClassName</name>
      <value>org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver</value>
   </parameter>
    -->
   
   <!-- Class name for the official MySQL Connector/J driver -->
   <parameter>
      <name>driverClassName</name>
      <value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value>
   </parameter>
   
   <!-- The JDBC connection url for connecting to your MySQL dB.
        The autoReconnect=true argument to the url makes sure that the
        mm.mysql JDBC Driver will automatically reconnect if mysqld closed the
        connection.  mysqld by default closes idle connections after 8 hours.
        -->
   <parameter>
     <name>url</name>
     <value>jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/javatest?autoReconnect=true</value>
   </parameter>


           <parameter>
             <name>removeAbandoned</name>
             <value>true</value>
           </parameter>

            <parameter>
             <name>removeAbandonedTimeout</name>
             <value>60</value>
           </parameter>
           <parameter>
             <name>logAbandoned</name>
             <value>true</value>
           </parameter>
 </ResourceParams>
</Context>

f.在web服务中调用.配置web.xml 如:
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
   version="2.4">
 <description>MySQL Test App</description>
 <resource-ref>
     <description>DB Connection</description>
     <res-ref-name>jdbc/TestDB</res-ref-name>
     <res-type>javax.sql.DataSource</res-type>
     <res-auth>Container</res-auth>
 </resource-ref>
</web-app>
g.测试用test.jsp
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/sql" prefix="sql" %>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c" %>

<sql:query var="rs" dataSource="jdbc/TestDB">
select id, foo, bar from testdata
</sql:query>

<html>
 <head>
   <title>DB Test</title>
 </head>
 <body>

 <h2>Results</h2>
 
<c:forEach var="row" items="${rs.rows}">
   Foo ${row.foo}<br/>
   Bar ${row.bar}<br/>
</c:forEach>

 </body>
</html>

h.新建web应用
下载jakarta-taglibs-standard-1.1.0
copy jstl.jar and standard.jar to your web app's WEB-INF/lib

DBTest/
   WEB-INF/
       web.xml
       lib/
           jstl.jar
           standard.jar
   test.jsp
拷贝到webapps/ 下
i.启动mysql,tomcat
访问:
http://localhost:8080/DBTest/test.jsp
显示:
   Results
   Foo hello
   Bar 12345

4.ssl的配置,以jdk1.4.2为例
a.进入%JAVA_HOME%/bin
运行命令:keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA
以tomcat 安装密码为198277,ketool设置密码为198277为例
输入keystore密码:  198277
您的名字与姓氏是什么?
 [Unknown]:  ycg
您的组织单位名称是什么?
 [Unknown]:  nju
您的组织名称是什么?
 [Unknown]:  nju
您所在的城市或区域名称是什么?
 [Unknown]:  nanjing
您所在的州或省份名称是什么?
 [Unknown]:  jiangsu
该单位的两字母国家代码是什么
 [Unknown]:  nd
CN=ycg, OU=nju, O=nju, L=nanjing, ST=jiangsu, C=nd 正确吗?
 [否]:  y

输入<tomcat>的主密码
       (如果和 keystore 密码相同,按回车):  198277
b.在你的D:/Documents and Settings/的当前用户目录下可以找到.keystore文件.将其拷贝到conf/文件夹下.
c.在server.xml 中找到

   <!--
   <Connector port="8443"
              maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
              enableLookups="false" disableUploadTimeout="true"
              acceptCount="100" debug="0" scheme="https" secure="true"
              clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
   -->
   去掉注释

添加配置字段:keystoreFile="/conf/.keystore" keystorePass="198277"
如: <!-- Define a SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 -->
  
   <Connector port="8443"
              maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
              enableLookups="false" disableUploadTimeout="true"
              acceptCount="100" debug="0" scheme="https" secure="true"
              clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" keystoreFile="/conf/.keystore"
              keystorePass="198277"/>
d.测试为:
https://localhost:8443
e.在自己的程序中添加ssl认证方式为:
在web.xml 中<web-app></web-app>添加
<security-constraint>
<web-resource-collection>
<web-resource-name>Success</web-resource-name>
<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
<http-method>GET</http-method>
<http-method>POST</http-method>
</web-resource-collection>
<user-data-constraint>
<transport-guarantee>CONFIDENTIAL</transport-guarantee>
</user-data-constraint>
</security-constraint>
f.用上提为例就是
修改web.xml 为
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
   version="2.4">

   <description>MySQL Test App</description>

<security-constraint>
<web-resource-collection>
<web-resource-name>Success</web-resource-name>
<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
<http-method>GET</http-method>
<http-method>POST</http-method>
</web-resource-collection>
<user-data-constraint>
<transport-guarantee>CONFIDENTIAL</transport-guarantee>
</user-data-constraint>
</security-constraint>

 
 <resource-ref>
     <description>DB Connection</description>
     <res-ref-name>jdbc/TestDB</res-ref-name>
     <res-type>javax.sql.DataSource</res-type>
     <res-auth>Container</res-auth>
 </resource-ref>
</web-app>
访问:
https://localhost:8443/DBTest/test.jsp

g.如果与2配置的jdbcRealm结合起来进行表单认证
先在user_roles表中添加user_name:ycg role_nameeb-user
在users表中添加user_name:ycg user_pass:198277

然后在web.xml中添加
<auth-constraint>
<role-name>web-user</role-name>
</auth-constraint>

<login-config>
<auth-method>BASIC</auth-method>
<realm-name>My Member Area</realm-name>
</login-config>

修改后的web.xml如:
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
   version="2.4">

   <description>MySQL Test App</description>

<security-constraint>
<web-resource-collection>
<web-resource-name>Success</web-resource-name>
<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
<http-method>GET</http-method>
<http-method>POST</http-method>
</web-resource-collection>
<auth-constraint>
<role-name>web-user</role-name>
</auth-constraint>
<user-data-constraint>
<transport-guarantee>CONFIDENTIAL</transport-guarantee>
</user-data-constraint>
</security-constraint>
<login-config>
<auth-method>BASIC</auth-method>
<realm-name>My Member Area</realm-name>
</login-config>
 
 <resource-ref>
     <description>DB Connection</description>
     <res-ref-name>jdbc/TestDB</res-ref-name>
     <res-type>javax.sql.DataSource</res-type>
     <res-auth>Container</res-auth>
 </resource-ref>
</web-app>

测试:
http://localhost:8080/DBTest/test.jsp
将通过ssl连接,并进行表单认证.用户密码可在user_roles,和users中添加.
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