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用C#实现的数据库抽象工厂(一)

发表于2004/4/8 18:53:00  1060人阅读

用C#实现的数据库抽象工厂(一)

     最近学习了一下设计模式,便尝试用C#对数据库的访问操作采用抽象工厂的模式实现一下,其中与标准的模式略有不同,加入了一些自己的想法,希望大家批评指正,代码共分为6个类:

(1)AbstractDbFactory.cs

using System;
using System.Data;

namespace DbService
{
 /// <summary>
 /// 数据库抽象工厂接口
 /// </summary>
 public interface AbstractDbFactory
 {
  /// <summary>
  /// 建立默认连接
  /// </summary>
  /// <returns>数据库连接</returns>
  IDbConnection CreateConnection();

  /// <summary>
  /// 根据连接字符串建立Connection对象
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="strConn">连接字符串</param>
  /// <returns>Connection对象</returns>
  IDbConnection CreateConnection(string strConn);

  /// <summary>
  /// 建立Command对象
  /// </summary>
  /// <returns>Command对象</returns>
  IDbCommand CreateCommand();

  /// <summary>
  /// 建立DataAdapter对象
  /// </summary>
  /// <returns>DataAdapter对象</returns>
  IDbDataAdapter CreateDataAdapter();

  /// <summary>
  /// 根据Connection建立Transaction
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="myDbConnection">Connection对象</param>
  /// <returns>Transaction对象</returns>
  IDbTransaction CreateTransaction(IDbConnection myDbConnection);

  /// <summary>
  /// 根据Command建立DataReader
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="myDbCommand">Command对象</param>
  /// <returns>DataReader对象</returns>
  IDataReader CreateDataReader(IDbCommand myDbCommand);

  /// <summary>
  /// 获得连接字符串
  /// </summary>
  /// <returns>连接字符串</returns>
  string GetConnectionString();
 }
}

(2)Factory.cs

using System;
using System.Configuration;

namespace DbService
{
 /// <summary>
 /// Factory类
 /// </summary>
 public sealed class Factory
 {
  private static volatile Factory singleFactory = null;
  private static object syncObj = new object();
  /// <summary>
  /// Factory类构造函数
  /// </summary>
  private Factory()
  {
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 获得Factory类的实例
  /// </summary>
  /// <returns>Factory类实例</returns>
  public static Factory GetInstance()
  {
   if(singleFactory == null)
   {
    lock(syncObj)
    {
     if(singleFactory == null)
     {
      singleFactory = new Factory();
     }
    }
   }
   return singleFactory;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 建立Factory类实例
  /// </summary>
  /// <returns>Factory类实例</returns>
  public AbstractDbFactory CreateInstance()
  {
   AbstractDbFactory abstractDbFactory = null;
   switch(ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["DatabaseType"].ToLower())
   {
    case "sqlserver":
    {
     abstractDbFactory = new SqlFactory();
     break;
    }
    case "oledb":
    {
     abstractDbFactory = new OleDbFactory();
     break;
    }
    case "odbc":
    {
     abstractDbFactory = new OdbcFactory();
     break;
    }
   }   
   return abstractDbFactory;
  }
 }
}

待续......

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