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C#.NET 用程序画图(走势图/柱形图)

发表于2008/9/28 15:42:00  1705人阅读

 2008/01/07 15:12using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System.Drawing;

/// <summary>
/// DrawingCurve 的摘要说明
/// </summary>
public class DrawingCurve
{
   
    public int intXLong = 800;   //图片大小 长
    public int intYLong = 600;   //图片大小 高
    public int intXMultiple = 1;    //零刻度的值 X
    public int intYMultiple = 0;    //零刻度的值 Y
    public int intXMax = 12;    //最大刻度(点数) X
    public int intYMax = 30;    //最大刻度(点数) Y

    public int intLeft = 50;   //左边距
    public int intRight = 120; //右边距
    public int intTop = 30;    //上边距
    public int intEnd = 50;    //下边距

    public string strXText = "时间(单位:月)";    //单位 X
    public string strYText = "数量(单位:个)";    //单位 Y
    public string strTitle = "趋势线图";    //标题
    public DataTable tbData;    //要统计的数据


    private int intXScale = 30;    //一刻度长度 X
    private int intYScale = 30;    //一刻度高度 Y
    //private int intX = 0;   //0点 X坐标
    //private int intY = 0;   //0点 Y坐标
    public int intData = 0;    //记录数

    public DrawingCurve()
    {

        intXScale = (intXLong - intLeft - intRight) / (intXMax + 1);//一刻度长度 X
        intYScale = (intYLong - intTop - intEnd) / (intYMax + 1);//一刻度高度 Y

        //intX = intXLong - intLeft;   //0点 X坐标
        //intY = intYLong - intEnd;   //0点 Y坐标
    }

    public Bitmap DrawingImg()
    {

        Bitmap img = new Bitmap(intXLong, intYLong); //图片大小
        Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(img);
        g.Clear(Color.Snow);
        g.DrawString(strTitle, new Font("宋体", 14), Brushes.Black, new Point(5, 5));
        g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), intLeft, intYLong - intEnd, intXLong - intRight, intYLong - intEnd); //绘制横向
        g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), intLeft, intTop, intLeft, intYLong - intEnd);   //绘制纵向

        //绘制纵坐标
        g.DrawString(strYText, new Font("宋体", 12), Brushes.Black, new Point(intLeft, intTop));//Y 单位
        Point p1 = new Point(intLeft - 10, intYLong - intEnd);
        for (int j = 0; j <= intYMax; j++)
        {
            p1.Y = intYLong - intEnd - j * intYScale;
            Point pt = new Point(p1.X + 10, p1.Y);
            //绘制纵坐标的刻度和直线
            g.DrawLine(Pens.Black, pt, new Point(p1.X + 15, p1.Y));
            //绘制纵坐标的文字说明
            g.DrawString(Convert.ToString(j + intYMultiple), new Font("宋体", 12), Brushes.Black, new Point(p1.X - 25, p1.Y - 8));
        }

        //绘制横坐标
        g.DrawString(strXText, new Font("宋体", 12), Brushes.Black, new Point(intXLong - intRight, intYLong - intEnd));//X 单位
        Point p = new Point(intLeft, intYLong - intEnd);
        for (int i = 0; i < intXMax; i++)
        {
            p.X = intLeft + i * intXScale;
            //绘制横坐标刻度和直线
            g.DrawLine(Pens.Black, p, new Point(p.X, p.Y - 5));
            //绘制横坐标的文字说明
            g.DrawString(Convert.ToString(i + intXMultiple), new Font("宋体", 12), Brushes.Black, p);
        }


        intData = tbData.Rows.Count;
        if (intData > 0)
        {
            //趋势线图
            for (int i = 0; i < intData - 1; i++)
            {
                DataRow Row1 = tbData.Rows[i];
                DataRow Row2 = tbData.Rows[i + 1];
                //定义起点
                Point rec = new Point(Convert.ToInt32(intLeft + ((TurnNumber(Row1[0].ToString()) - intXMultiple) * intXScale)), Convert.ToInt32(intYLong - intEnd - (TurnNumber(Row1[1].ToString()) - intYMultiple) * intYScale));
                //定义终点
                Point dec = new Point(Convert.ToInt32(intLeft + ((TurnNumber(Row2[0].ToString()) - intXMultiple) * intXScale)), Convert.ToInt32(intYLong - intEnd - (TurnNumber(Row2[1].ToString()) - intYMultiple) * intYScale));
                //绘制趋势折线
                g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Red), rec, dec);
            }
        }

        return img;
    }

    //转换数字
    private double TurnNumber(string str)
    {
        double dubReturn;
        try
        {
            dubReturn = Convert.ToDouble(str);
        }
        catch
        {
            dubReturn = 0;
        }
        return dubReturn;

    }

}

----------------------------------调用------------------------------------------------

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DataTable MyTable = new DataTable();
       

        string constr = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + Server.MapPath("App_Data/db.mdb");
        string cmdstr = "SELECT 月份,销量 FROM Result";
        OleDbConnection con = new OleDbConnection(constr);
        con.Open();
        //OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand(cmdstr, con);
        OleDbDataAdapter da = new OleDbDataAdapter(cmdstr, con);
        da.Fill(MyTable);


        DrawingCurve MyDc = new DrawingCurve();
        MyDc.tbData = MyTable;

        Bitmap img = new Bitmap(100, 100);
        img = MyDc.DrawingImg();
        Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(MyDc.DrawingImg());

        //显示图形
        img.Save(Response.OutputStream, ImageFormat.Jpeg);;
        g.Dispose();
        Response.Write("<br>" + MyDc.intData.ToString());
    }

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