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C++Builder常用代码片断

发表于2001/2/24 20:57:00  1402人阅读

分类: BCB/DELPHI

Delete all Tables in Alias  void TData

C++Builder代码片断

本文中包含了一些常用的代码片断,看看想想或许有他山之石可以攻玉的可能。 CKER

 


删除别名中所有的表
void TData::CleanTemp() 

  TStringList *myTables = new TStringList();
  TTable *Table = new TTable(this);
  try
 
  Session->GetTableNames("Temp", "", True, False, myTables);
  }
  catch (...) {} 
// AnsiString str = myTables->GetText(); 
// ShowMessage(str); 
  for(int count=0; count < myTables->Count; count++) 
 
  Table->DatabaseName = "Temp";
  Table->TableName = myTables->Strings[count];
  Table->Close(); 
  Table->DeleteTable(); 
  }
  delete myTables;
  delete Table;

BACK

纯虚函数
//纯虚函数只在基类中出现,而在子类中必须有
//与其匹配的成员函数。程序中申明的子类的实例
file://必须为基类中的每一个纯虚函数提供一个重载的成员函数。
class TBaseClass 

  public: 
  virtual void Display() = 0;
};
class TDerivedClass : public TBaseClass 

  public: 
  void Display() { ShowMessage("From Derived"); }
}; 
 
class TSecondDerivedClass : public TDerivedClass 

  public: 
  void Display() { ShowMessage("From Second Derived"); } 
}; 
 
void __fastcall TForm1::Button1Click(TObject *Sender) 

  TDerivedClass dc; dc.Display();// "From Derived" 
  TSecondDerivedClass sc; TBaseClass* bc = &sc; 
  bc->Display(); // "From Second Derived" 

BACK

虚函数
//虚函数作为其他类的父类的成员函数。
//如果继承子类成员函数中存在与父类成员函数完全相同的函数,
//子类中的成员函数永远有效。

class Base 
{
 public: 
  virtual void Display() { ShowMessage("Base Class"); }
};
 
class DerivedOne : public Base 

  public: 
  void Display() { ShowMessage("DerivedOne"); } 
}; 
 
class DerivedTwo : public Base 

  public: 
  void Display() { ShowMessage("DerivedTwo"); } 
};
 
Base* pBases[10];
int count = 0;
DerivedOne aDerOne;
DerivedTwo aDerTwo;
pBases[count++] = &aDerOne;
pBases[count++] = &aDerTwo;
for( int i=0; i < count; i++ )
pBases[i]->Display(); 
BACK

启动页面
USEDATAMODULE("Datamod.cpp", DataModule);
USEFORM("about.cpp", AboutBox);
USEFORM("main.cpp", MainForm);
USEFORM("splash.cpp", SplashForm);
file://--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
#include "splash.h"
WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE, HINSTANCE, LPSTR, int) 
{
  try 
 
  SplashForm = new TSplashForm(Application);
  SplashForm->Show(); 
  SplashForm->Update();
  Application->Initialize();
  Application->Title = "Example of Loading Splash Form"; 
  Application->HelpFile = "SplashHelp.hlp"; 
  Application->CreateForm(__classid(TMainForm), &MainForm); 
  Application->CreateForm(__classid(TDataModule), &DataModule); 
  Application->CreateForm(__classid(TAboutBox), &AboutBox);
  SplashForm->Hide(); 
  SplashForm->Close(); 
  Application->Run(); 
  }
  catch (Exception &exception) 
 
  Application->ShowException(&exception);
  }
  return 0;
}
BACK

指针
int array[] = { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10}
int myInteger = array[3]; //
值为 8
 
// ----使用指针可以实现同样的功能 ----- 
int array[] = { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10}
int* myPtr = array;
int myInteger = myPtr[3]; //
值为8 
BACK

为指针解除引用
int x = 32;
int* ptr = &x; 
//
解除指针的引用
file://以获得内存位置的内容

int y = *ptr; // y = 32 
BACK

表的For循环
void TDataModuleEmployee::ListNames( TStrings *Items )
{
 try
 {
  for ( TableAll->First(); !TableAll->Eof; TableAll->Next() )
  if ( TableAll->FieldByName("Deleted")->AsBoolean == false )
  Items->AddObject( TableAll->FieldByName("Name")->AsString, (TObject *)TableAll->FieldByName("Refnum")->AsInteger );
 }
 catch (Exception &e)
 {
  Application->ShowException(&e);
 }; 

BACK

变量与常量的声明
char ch;
int count = 1;
char* name = "
csdn.net";
struct complex { float my, his;};
float real(complex* p) {return p->my};
const double pi = 3.1415926535897932385;
templetate abc(T a) { return a < 0 ? -a : a; };
enum WebSite { one, two, three, four};
int* a; // *
指针
char* p[20]; // [ ] 数组 
void myFunction(int); // (
)函数 
struct str { short length; char* p; };
char ch1 = 'a'; 
char* p = &ch1; // &
引用 p保持着ch1的地址 
char ch2 = *p; // ch2 = 'a' 
BACK

检查表是否存在
#include "io.h" 
if (access(Table1->TableName.c_str(),0)) file://
检查表是否存在 
{ //
若不存在就创建 ... 
 Table1->Active = false;
 Table1->TableType = ttParadox;
 Table1->FieldDefs->Clear();
 Table1->FieldDefs->Add("Myfield", ftString, 15, false);
 Table1->IndexDefs->Clear();
 Table1->CreateTable(); 
 Table1->Active = true;
}
else
 Table1->Active = true; 
BACK

组件的类名
//找出丢失的组件类名
for(int i=0; i < ComponentCount; i++) 
{
 if(String(dynamic_cast<TComponent&>(*Components[i]).Name) == "") 
 
  ShowMessage(Components[i]->ClassName());
 }

BACK

剪贴板中的文字

#include "memory.h" // 包含 auto_ptr<> 
#include "clipbrd.hpp" file://包含 TClipboard & Clipboard()
//
范例程序,包含了一个memo控件 
__fastcall TForm1::TForm1(TComponent* Owner) : TForm(Owner)
{ file://
创建 TStringList对象 
auto_ptr ClipText(new TStringList); file://
得到剪贴板中的文字的拷贝 
ClipText->Text = Clipboard()->AsText; file://
然后加工一下... 
Memo1->Lines->AddStrings(ClipText.get()); 

BACK

字符流
//范例一
#include "sstream" 
const char *name = "cker";
const char *email = "cker@sina.com";
//
生成 "cker"[SMTP:cker@sina.com] 
 
ostringstream ost;
ost << "/"" << name << "/"[SMTP:" << email << "]";
Edit1->Text = ost.str().c_str();
 
file://范例二
void TDataModuleEmployee::FullReport(const char *title)
{
Report.header(title);
Report << sformat( "Employee #%2d: %s%s/n", TableAllRefnum->Value, TableAllName->Text.c_str(), 
TableAllManagerFlag->Value ?"(Manager)" : "" ) << " Address: " << 
TableAllAddress->Text.c_str() << endl << " " << TableAllCityProvZip->Text.c_str() <<
endl << " " << NameCountry(TableAllCanada->Value) << endl;
Report.footer();

BACK

检查表是否已打开
void TData::CheckEdit()
{
 for(int i=0; i < ComponentCount; i++)
 { 
  if(dynamic_cast(Components[i]))
  {
   if(((TTable*)Components[i])->State == dsEdit)
   {
    String s = "Table " + Components[i]->Name + " is in edit mode" "/rWould you like to post it before entering new task?";
    if(MessageBox(NULL,s.c_str(),"Table in Edit Mode",MB_YESNO | MB_ICONINFORMATION) == IDYES)
      ((TTable*)Components[i])->Post(); else ((TTable*)Components[i])->Cancel();
   }
  }
 }

BACK

表的状态操作
//关闭已打开的表并将他们恢复成初始状态。
void TData::MyTables(TForm * sender)
{
 int i;
 TTable * Table;
 bool *active = new bool[MyClass->ComponentCount];//在动态数组中存放每个表的初始状态,然后关闭所有的表
 for(i = 0; i < MyClass->ComponentCount; i++)
  {
   try
   {
    if((Table = dynamic_cast(MyClass->Components[i])) != NULL)
     {
      active[i] = Table->Active;
      Table->Active = false;
     }
   }
   catch(...) {}; file://异常应该只来自于dynamic cast...
  }
 for(i = 0; i < MyClass->ComponentCount; i++)
  {
   try
   {
    if((Table = dynamic_cast(MyClass->Components[i])) != NULL)
    
      if(Table->DatabaseName != OPTARDatabase->DatabaseName)
        continue;
      DBIResult result = DBIERR_NONE + 1;
      while(result != DBIERR_NONE) file://若希望的话,这样允许用户重试!
      {
       result = DbiPackTable (OPTARDatabase->Handle,NULL,Table->TableName.c_str(),NULL, true);
       if(result != DBIERR_NONE)
       
         AnsiString rsltText = "Unable to pack " + Table->TableName + "." ;
         char rslt[DBIMAXMSGLEN + 1];
         DbiGetErrorString(result, rslt) rsltText += ". Try again?";
         if(Application->MessageBox(rsltText.c_str(), "Error!",MB_YESNO) != IDYES)
          break; 
        }
      }
     }
   }
   catch (...) {}; file://异常应该只来自于dynamic cast...
  }
 //
将所有的表设回初始状态。
 for(i = 0; i < MyClass->ComponentCount; i++)
  {
   try
   {
    if((Table = dynamic_cast(MyClass->Components[i])) != NULL) 
     Table->Active = active[i];
   }
   catch(...) {};
  }
 delete []active;

BACK

改变PageControl的标签
void __fastcall TfmMainForm::Cancel1Click(TObject *Sender)
{
 int i;
 switch (PageControl1->ActivePage->Tag))
  {
   case 1:
     for (i=0; i < ComponentCount; i++)
      {
       if (dynamic_cast(Components[i]))
         dynamic_cast(Components[i])->Enabled = false;
      }
     Data->tbDetail->Cancel();
     break;
   case 2:
     for (i=0; i < ComponentCount; i++)
      {
       if (dynamic_cast(Components[i]))
         dynamic_cast(Components[i])->Enabled = false;
      }
      Data->tbDetail->Cancel();
      break;
   case 3:
     for (i=0; i < ComponentCount; i++)
      {
       if (dynamic_cast(Components[i]))
         dynamic_cast(Components[i])->Text = "";
      }
      break;
  }

BACK

Query传递参数
// 直接从表向Query传递参数的一种方法
TQuery *Query = new TQuery(this);
Query->DatabaseName = "dbServer";
Query->SQL->Clear();
Query->SQL->Add("DELETE FROM 'Events.DB' WHERE (TicketNo = " + Data->tbProblem->FieldByName("TicketNo")->AsString + ")" );
Query->ExecSQL();
Query->Close();
delete Query; 
BACK

日期属性
TMaskEdit *meOpen;
TLabel *lbCount1;
TDateTime Date2;
void __fastcall TfmMainForm::CountOpen(TObject *Sender)
{
 switch(dynamic_cast<TComponent&>(*Sender).Tag)
  {
   case 1:
    count1 = StrToInt(lbCount1->Caption);
    count1 += 1;
    Date2 = Now() + count1;
    meOpen->Text = Date2.DateString();
    lbCount1->Caption = IntToStr(count1);
    break;
   case 2:
    count1 = StrToInt(lbCount1->Caption);
    count1 -= 1;
    Date2 = Now() + count1;
    meOpen->Text = Date2.DateString();
    lbCount1->Caption = IntToStr(count1);
    break;
  }

BACK

绘制状态条
void __fastcall TForm1::StatusBar1DrawPanel(TStatusBar *StatusBar, TStatusPanel *Panel, const TRect &Rect)
{
 TCanvas& c = *StatusBar->Canvas;
 switch (Panel->Index)
  {
   case 0 :
     {
      StatusBar1->Panels->Items[0]->Text = "Hello C++";
      c.Brush->Style = bsClear;
      TRect temp = Rect;
      temp.Top += 1;
      temp.Left += 1; 
      c.Font->Color = clWhite;
      DrawText(c.Handle, Panel->Text.c_str(), -1,(RECT*)&temp, DT_SINGLELINE | DT_CENTER);
      c.Font->Color = clBlack;
      DrawText(c.Handle, Panel->Text.c_str(), -1, (RECT*)&Rect, DT_SINGLELINE | DT_CENTER);
      break;
     }
   case 1:
     {
      c.Brush->Color = clYellow;
      c.FillRect(Rect);
      c.Font->Color = clRed;
      DrawText(c.Handle,"clYellow Color", -1, (RECT*)&Rect, DT_SINGLELINE | DT_CENTER);
      break;
     }
   case 2:
     {
      Graphics::TBitmap* bm = new Graphics::TBitmap;
      bm->Handle = LoadBitmap(NULL, MAKEINTRESOURCE(32760));
      c.Draw(Rect.Left, Rect.Top, bm);
      delete bm;
      break;
     }
  }
}
 BACK

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