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关于SHOW_SPACE()工具的用法

发表于2004/9/20 21:10:00  1576人阅读

分类: oracle技术

TOM写了个好工具SHOW_SPACE,这个工具对于Oracle来讲其实就是个存储过程,这个存储过程可以用来分析空间使用情况,有了此工具,就不用再通过写SQL语句来看每条记录或表占用表空间的大小了,使用起来很方便。

具体使用过程如下:

首先需要创建一个存储过程:

d:/>sqlplus  /nolog

SQL>connect / as sysdba

SQL>create or replace procedure show_space

( p_segname in varchar2
,

  p_owner   in varchar2 default user
,

  p_type    in varchar2 default 'TABLE'
,

  p_partition in varchar2 default NULL
)

as

    l_total_blocks              number
;

    l_total_bytes               number
;

    l_unused_blocks             number
;

    l_unused_bytes              number
;

    l_LastUsedExtFileId         number
;

    l_LastUsedExtBlockId        number
;

    l_last_used_block           number
;

    procedure p( p_label in varchar2, p_num in number
)

    
is

    begin

        dbms_output.put_line( rpad(p_label,40,'.'
) ||

                              p_num
);

    end
;

begin

   

    dbms_space.
unused_space

    ( segment_owner     => p_owner
,

      segment_name      => p_segname
,

      segment_type      => p_type
,

      partition_name    => p_partition
,

      total_blocks      => l_total_blocks
,

      total_bytes       => l_total_bytes
,

      unused_blocks     => l_unused_blocks
,

      unused_bytes      => l_unused_bytes
,

      last_used_extent_file_id => l_LastUsedExtFileId
,

      last_used_extent_block_id => l_LastUsedExtBlockId
,

      last_used_block => l_last_used_block
);



    p( 'Total Blocks', l_total_blocks
);

    p( 'Total Bytes', l_total_bytes
);

    p( 'Unused Blocks', l_unused_blocks
);

    p( 'Unused Bytes', l_unused_bytes
);

    p( 'Last Used Ext FileId', l_LastUsedExtFileId
);

    p( 'Last Used Ext BlockId', l_LastUsedExtBlockId
);

    p( 'Last Used Block', l_last_used_block
);

end
;
/

Procedure created.

执行以上语句会在当前用户下生成一个procedure,当前用户为sys用户。

SQL>create table t as select * from all_users;  (创建表T)

SQL> exec show_space('T');     (查看表T占用空间大小)
Free Blocks.............................0
Total Blocks............................15
Total Bytes.............................61440
Unused Blocks...........................13
Unused Bytes............................53248
Last Used Ext FileId....................13
Last Used Ext BlockId...................61782
Last Used Block.........................2

 结果马上就出来了,以前必须通过SQL语句查询dba_tables才能得到结果,可见,此工具的方便性。

另外,此工具有好几个版本,目前上面这个版本只适合表空间为非ASSM的时候,ASSM的时候是不能用的,原因是DBMS_SPACE.FREE_BLOCKS 不允许在ASSM上操作,解决方法如下:

对于ASSM,可以使用dbms_space.space_usage ,可以在show_space中加入这一段:

select ts.segment_space_management
into t_segment_space_management
from dba_segments seg
, dba_tablespaces ts
where seg.segment_name = t_segname
and seg.owner = t_owner
and seg.tablespace_name = ts.tablespace_name
;
--
if t_segment_space_management = 'AUTO'
then
dbms_space.space_usage (
t_owner,
t_segname,
t_type,
l_unformatted_blocks,
l_unformatted_bytes,
l_fs1_blocks, l_fs1_bytes,
l_fs2_blocks, l_fs2_bytes,
l_fs3_blocks, l_fs3_bytes,
l_fs4_blocks, l_fs4_bytes,
l_full_blocks, l_full_bytes
);
--
p( 'Unformatted Blocks ', l_unformatted_blocks );
p( 'FS1 Blocks (0-25) ', l_fs1_blocks );
p( 'FS2 Blocks (25-50) ', l_fs2_blocks );
p( 'FS3 Blocks (50-75) ', l_fs3_blocks );
p( 'FS4 Blocks (75-100)', l_fs4_blocks );
p( 'Full Blocks ', l_full_blocks );
else
dbms_space.free_blocks(
segment_owner => t_owner,
segment_name => t_segname,
segment_type => t_type,
freelist_group_id => 0,
free_blks => l_free_blks
);
--
p( 'Free Blocks', l_free_blks );
end if;

ITPUB上提供了该工具的很多版本,具体还有以下几个版本!

xzh2000 提供的最终混合超级完全无敌版:

create or replace procedure show_space
( p_segname_1 in varchar2,
p_space in varchar2 default 'MANUAL',
p_type_1 in varchar2 default 'TABLE' ,
p_analyzed in varchar2 default 'N',
p_owner_1 in varchar2 default user)
as
p_segname varchar2(100);
p_type varchar2(10);
p_owner varchar2(30);

l_unformatted_blocks number;
l_unformatted_bytes number;
l_fs1_blocks number;
l_fs1_bytes number;
l_fs2_blocks number;
l_fs2_bytes number;
l_fs3_blocks number;
l_fs3_bytes number;
l_fs4_blocks number;
l_fs4_bytes number;
l_full_blocks number;
l_full_bytes number;

l_free_blks number;
l_total_blocks number;
l_total_bytes number;
l_unused_blocks number;
l_unused_bytes number;
l_LastUsedExtFileId number;
l_LastUsedExtBlockId number;
l_LAST_USED_BLOCK number;

procedure p( p_label in varchar2, p_num in number )
is
begin
dbms_output.put_line( rpad(p_label,40,'.') ||
p_num );
end;
begin
p_segname := upper(p_segname_1); -- rainy changed
p_owner := upper(p_owner_1);
p_type := p_type_1;

if (p_type_1 = 'i' or p_type_1 = 'I') then --rainy changed
p_type := 'INDEX';
end if;

if (p_type_1 = 't' or p_type_1 = 'T') then --rainy changed
p_type := 'TABLE';
end if;

if (p_type_1 = 'c' or p_type_1 = 'C') then --rainy changed
p_type := 'CLUSTER';
end if;


dbms_space.unused_space
( segment_owner => p_owner,
segment_name => p_segname,
segment_type => p_type,
total_blocks => l_total_blocks,
total_bytes => l_total_bytes,
unused_blocks => l_unused_blocks,
unused_bytes => l_unused_bytes,
LAST_USED_EXTENT_FILE_ID => l_LastUsedExtFileId,
LAST_USED_EXTENT_BLOCK_ID => l_LastUsedExtBlockId,
LAST_USED_BLOCK => l_LAST_USED_BLOCK );

if p_space = 'MANUAL' or (p_space <> 'auto' and p_space <> 'AUTO') then
dbms_space.free_blocks
( segment_owner => p_owner,
segment_name => p_segname,
segment_type => p_type,
freelist_group_id => 0,
free_blks => l_free_blks );

p( 'Free Blocks', l_free_blks );
end if;

p( 'Total Blocks', l_total_blocks );
p( 'Total Bytes', l_total_bytes );
p( 'Unused Blocks', l_unused_blocks );
p( 'Unused Bytes', l_unused_bytes );
p( 'Last Used Ext FileId', l_LastUsedExtFileId );
p( 'Last Used Ext BlockId', l_LastUsedExtBlockId );
p( 'Last Used Block', l_LAST_USED_BLOCK );


/*IF the segment is analyzed */
if p_analyzed = 'Y' then
dbms_space.space_usage(segment_owner => p_owner ,
segment_name => p_segname ,
segment_type => p_type ,
unformatted_blocks => l_unformatted_blocks ,
unformatted_bytes => l_unformatted_bytes,
fs1_blocks => l_fs1_blocks,
fs1_bytes => l_fs1_bytes ,
fs2_blocks => l_fs2_blocks,
fs2_bytes => l_fs2_bytes,
fs3_blocks => l_fs3_blocks ,
fs3_bytes => l_fs3_bytes,
fs4_blocks => l_fs4_blocks,
fs4_bytes => l_fs4_bytes,
full_blocks => l_full_blocks,
full_bytes => l_full_bytes);
dbms_output.put_line(rpad(' ',50,'*'));
dbms_output.put_line('The segment is analyzed');
p( '0% -- 25% free space blocks', l_fs1_blocks);
p( '0% -- 25% free space bytes', l_fs1_bytes);
p( '25% -- 50% free space blocks', l_fs2_blocks);
p( '25% -- 50% free space bytes', l_fs2_bytes);
p( '50% -- 75% free space blocks', l_fs3_blocks);
p( '50% -- 75% free space bytes', l_fs3_bytes);
p( '75% -- 100% free space blocks', l_fs4_blocks);
p( '75% -- 100% free space bytes', l_fs4_bytes);
p( 'Unused Blocks', l_unformatted_blocks );
p( 'Unused Bytes', l_unformatted_bytes );
p( 'Total Blocks', l_full_blocks);
p( 'Total bytes', l_full_bytes);

end if;

end;


ASSM 类型的表

SQL> exec show_space('t','auto');
Total Blocks............................512
Total Bytes.............................4194304
Unused Blocks...........................78
Unused Bytes............................638976
Last Used Ext FileId....................9
Last Used Ext BlockId...................25608
Last Used Block.........................50

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


ASSM 类型的索引


SQL> exec show_space('t_index','auto','i');
Total Blocks............................80
Total Bytes.............................655360
Unused Blocks...........................5
Unused Bytes............................40960
Last Used Ext FileId....................9
Last Used Ext BlockId...................25312
Last Used Block.........................3

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


对analyze 过的segment 可以这样

SQL> exec show_space('t','auto','T','Y');
Total Blocks............................512
Total Bytes.............................4194304
Unused Blocks...........................78
Unused Bytes............................638976
Last Used Ext FileId....................9
Last Used Ext BlockId...................25608
Last Used Block.........................50
*************************************************
The segment is analyzed
0% -- 25% free space blocks.............0
0% -- 25% free space bytes..............0
25% -- 50% free space blocks............0
25% -- 50% free space bytes.............0
50% -- 75% free space blocks............0
50% -- 75% free space bytes.............0
75% -- 100% free space blocks...........0
75% -- 100% free space bytes............0
Unused Blocks...........................0
Unused Bytes............................0
Total Blocks............................418
Total bytes.............................3424256

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

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