CSDN博客

img cn_chenfeng

oracle8i回滚段表空间出现坏块的解决方法

发表于2004/9/21 13:58:00  1220人阅读

今天早上刚到公司便接到网通客户的投诉电话,说网管数据库出问题了,数据库有坏块,回滚段里的部分数据不能读取,需要帮忙解决。

我查看了一下swappALRT.log文件,发现有以下错误:

Tue Sep 21 10:34:08 2004
Errors in file E:/oracle/admin/swapp/bdump/swappSMON.TRC:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 2, block # 24497)
ORA-01110: data file 2: 'E:/ORACLE/ORADATA/SWAPP/RBS01.DBF'

原来是回滚段表空间数据文件有坏块了。知道了问题的所在,立刻解决,我已经想好了思路,就是新建一个回滚段表空间,把以前坏了的回滚段表空间drop掉,在新的回滚段表空间上建回滚段,所要建的回滚段和以前的一摸一样,让以后产生的回滚数据都写到新建的回滚段上。思路清晰,立刻开始行动了。

 首先停到listener,不允许有新的应用连到数据库上做操作,然后down掉数据库,为了清除掉已有的数据库会话连接资源:

$lsnrctl stop

LSNRCTL for Solaris: Version 8.1.7.3.0 - Production on 21-SEP-2004 17:40:36

(c) Copyright 1998 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=ipasdb)(PORT=1521)))
The command completed successfully.

$sqlplus internal/oracle

SQL*Plus: Release 8.1.7.0.0 - Production on Tue Sep 21 17:41:24 2004

(c) Copyright 2000 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning option
JServer Release 8.1.7.3.0 - 64bit Production

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL>startup restrict (以受限模式启动数据库,为了防止其他用户登陆进来做相关操作,这时候只允许管理员登陆)
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1134141116 bytes
Fixed Size                   102076 bytes
Variable Size             311750656 bytes
Database Buffers          819200000 bytes
Redo Buffers                3088384 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

 

查找回滚段对应的表空间:

 

SQL> select tablespace_name,status from dba_tablespaces;

TABLESPACE_NAME                STATUS
------------------------------ ---------
SYSTEM                         ONLINE
TOOLS                          ONLINE
RBS                            ONLINE
TEMP                           ONLINE
USERS                          ONLINE
INDX                           ONLINE
DRSYS                          ONLINE
WACOS                          ONLINE
NMS                            ONLINE
TEST                           ONLINE

FS                             ONLINE
PERFSTAT                       ONLINE

12rows selected.

回滚段表空间为RBS.

查看当前回滚段表空间里是否有活动的事物:

SQL> SELECT s.username,t.xidusn,t.ubafil,t.ubablk,t.used_ublk  FROM v$session s,v$transaction t WHERE s.saddr=t.ses_addr;

no rows selected.

没有活动事物,太好了,可以放心的drop回滚段了,这正是我想要的结果。

接下来查找回滚段存储参数信息:
SQL> col tablespace_name format a10
SQL> col SEGMENT_NAME format a12
SQL> set line 120
SQL> select SEGMENT_NAME,OWNER,TABLESPACE_NAME,initial_extent,NEXT_EXTENT,MIN_EXTENTS,MAX_EXTENTS,PCT_INCREASE from dba_rollback_segs;


SEGMENT_NAME OWNER  TABLESPACE INITIAL_EXTENT NEXT_EXTENT MIN_EXTENTS MAX_EXTENTS PCT_INCREASE
------------ ------ ---------- -------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ------------
SYSTEM       SYS    SYSTEM              57344       57344           2         505            0
RBS0         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS1         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS2         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS3         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS4         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS5         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS6         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS7         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS8         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS9         PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS10        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS11        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS12        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS13        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS14        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS15        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS16        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS17        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS18        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS19        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS20        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS21        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS22        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS23        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS24        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS26        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS27        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS28        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
RBS25        PUBLIC RBS01              524288      524288           8        4096            0
APPRBS       PUBLIC RBS01             2097152    10485760          50       32765            0

31 rows selected.

把initial_extent,next_extent,min_extents,max_extents,pct_increase的值都记录下来,留做以后创建新的回滚段使用。

创建LMT管理方式的回滚段表空间(我的数据库是oracle817):

SQL> create tablespace rbs01 datafile '/opt/oracle/db02/oradata/ORCL/rbs01.dbf' size 1024M autoextend on next 1M maxsize unlimited extent management local;

Tablespace created.

先在该表空间下建立一个回滚段rbs31做一个测试:

SQL> create public rollback segment RBS31 tablespace rbs01 storage(initial 524288 next 524288 MINEXTENTS 8 MAXEXTENTS 4096 OPTIMAL 4194304);
create public rollback segment RBS31 tablespace rbs01 storage(initial 524288 next 524288 MINEXTENTS 8 MAXEXTENTS 4096 OPTIMAL 4194304)
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-25151: Rollback Segment cannot be created in this tablespace

出错了,居然没有建成功,shit.

查了一下metalink发现对于oracle8i来讲在LMT方式管理的表空间下不能创建回滚段,但9i解决了该问题。

metalink上的解释:

Explanation
-----------
Rollback segments cannot be created in locally managed tablespaces (a new feature in Oracle 8.1) with allocation type of AUTOALLOCATE. They must be created in locally managed tablespaces with allocation type of UNIFORM or in dictionary managed tablespaces.

NOTE: This restriction has been lifted in Oracle 9.

接下来drop刚刚建立的rbs01表空间,重新建立rbs01表空间:

SQL>drop tablespace rbs01 including contents;

Tablespace dropped.

$rm /opt/oracle/db02/oradata/ORCL/rbs01.dbf  (删除rbs01所在的表空间数据文件)

SQL> create tablespace rbs01 datafile '/opt/oracle/db02/oradata/ORCL/rbs01.dbf' size 1024M
 autoextend on next 1M maxsize unlimited;
Tablespace created.

SQL> select EXTENT_MANAGEMENT from dba_tablespaces where tablespace_name='RBS01';

EXTENT_MAN
----------
DICTIONARY

这回表空间不是LMT的,是DMT的,呵呵!

下面才是真正开始要做的工作,总之两个字,细心,因为是生产库,不敢马虎。

SQL> set feedback off
SQL> set pages 0
SQL> select 'alter rollback segment '||segment_name||' offline;'  from dba_rollback_segs;

做一个脚本把除system回滚段以外的回滚段都offline掉,省的一个一个敲,脚本结果如下:
alter rollback segment RBS0 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS1 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS2 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS3 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS4 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS5 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS6 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS7 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS8 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS9 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS10 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS11 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS12 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS13 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS14 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS15 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS16 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS17 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS18 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS19 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS20 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS21 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS22 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS23 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS24 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS25 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS26 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS27 offline;
alter rollback segment RBS28 offline;
alter rollback segment APPRBS offline;

然后做个drop回滚段的脚本:
SQL>  select 'drop rollback segment '||segment_name||';' from dba_rollback_segs;
drop rollback segment RBS0;
drop rollback segment RBS1;
drop rollback segment RBS2;
drop rollback segment RBS3;
drop rollback segment RBS4;
drop rollback segment RBS5;
drop rollback segment RBS6;
drop rollback segment RBS7;
drop rollback segment RBS8;
drop rollback segment RBS9;
drop rollback segment RBS10;
drop rollback segment RBS11;
drop rollback segment RBS12;
drop rollback segment RBS13;
drop rollback segment RBS14;
drop rollback segment RBS15;
drop rollback segment RBS16;
drop rollback segment RBS17;
drop rollback segment RBS18;
drop rollback segment RBS19;
drop rollback segment RBS20;
drop rollback segment RBS21;
drop rollback segment RBS22;
drop rollback segment RBS23;
drop rollback segment RBS24;
drop rollback segment RBS25;
drop rollback segment RBS26;
drop rollback segment RBS27;
drop rollback segment RBS28;
drop rollback segment APPRBS;

脚本做好了,别忘了执行。

执行完后开始在新的回滚段表空间下建回滚段,存储参数和原来保持一致:
SQL> select  'create public rollback segment '||segment_name||' tablespace rbs01 storage(initial 524288 next 524288 MINEXTENTS 8 MAXEXTENTS 4096 OPTIMAL 4194304); from dba_rollback_segs;

也是做了个脚本,免的一个一个敲!

下面的大回滚段要单独建,总之,系统里面最好要有一个大的回滚段,有大事物的时候就派上用场了。

SQL> create public rollback segment APPRBS tablespace rbs01 storage(initial 2097152 next 10485760 MINEXTENTS 50 MAXEXTENTS 32765);
Rollback segment created.

查看新建的回滚段状态:

SQL> select segment_name,owner,status,tablespace_name from dba_rollback_segs;
SYSTEM               SYS    ONLINE           SYSTEM
RBS0                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS1                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS2                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS3                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS4                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS5                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS6                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS7                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS8                 PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS10                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS11                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS12                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS13                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS14                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS15                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS16                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS17                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS18                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS19                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS20                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS21                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS22                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS23                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS24                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS26                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS27                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS28                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
RBS25                PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
APPRBS               PUBLIC OFFLINE          RBS01
30 rows selected.

除了system,都是offline状态。

继续做脚本让除system外的回滚段online:

SQL> select 'alter rollback segment '||segment_name||' online;'  from dba_rollback_segs;
alter rollback segment RBS0 online;
alter rollback segment RBS1 online;
alter rollback segment RBS2 online;
alter rollback segment RBS3 online;
alter rollback segment RBS4 online;
alter rollback segment RBS5 online;
alter rollback segment RBS6 online;
alter rollback segment RBS7 online;
alter rollback segment RBS8 online;
alter rollback segment RBS9 online;
alter rollback segment RBS10 online;
alter rollback segment RBS11 online;
alter rollback segment RBS12 online;
alter rollback segment RBS13 online;
alter rollback segment RBS14 online;
alter rollback segment RBS15 online;
alter rollback segment RBS16 online;
alter rollback segment RBS17 online;
alter rollback segment RBS18 online;
alter rollback segment RBS19 online;
alter rollback segment RBS20 online;
alter rollback segment RBS21 online;
alter rollback segment RBS22 online;
alter rollback segment RBS23 online;
alter rollback segment RBS24 online;
alter rollback segment RBS26 online;
alter rollback segment RBS27 online;
alter rollback segment RBS28 online;
alter rollback segment RBS25 online;
alter rollback segment APPRBS online;

执行以上脚本后,最后别忘了删除原来的undo表空间RBS:

SQL>drop tablespace rbs including contents;

Tablespace dropped.

$rm /opt/oracle/db02/oradata/ORCL/rbs.dbf  (删除rbs表空间所在的数据文件)

做到这里即完成了所要求的工作,好了,剩下的就留做数据测试了,收工,明天等数据库测试结果。

阅读全文
0 0

相关文章推荐

img
取 消
img