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抓取网页中的链接

发表于2004/10/14 16:02:00  615人阅读

 

 

输入一个地址,就可以把那个网页中的链接提取出来,下面这段代码可以轻松实现,主要的是用到了正则表达式。

 

GetUrl.aspx代码如下:

 

<%@ Page Language="vb" CodeBehind="GetUrl.aspx.vb" AutoEventWireup="false" Inherits="aspxWeb.GetUrl" %>

<html>

<head>

<META http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312">

</head>

<body>

<form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

  <P>

    <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"></asp:Label>

    <asp:TextBox id="urlTextBox" runat="server" Width="336px">

         http://lucky_elove.www1.dotnetplayground.com/

     </asp:TextBox>

    <asp:Button OnClick="scrapeButton_Click" id="scrapeButton" runat="server"></asp:Button>

 </P>

  <HR width="100%" SIZE="1">

  <P>

    <asp:Label id="TipResult" runat="server"></asp:Label>

    <asp:TextBox id="resultLabel" runat="server" TextMode="MultiLine"

     Width="100%" Height="400"></asp:TextBox>

 </P>

</form>

</body>

</html>

后代码GetUrl.aspx.vb如下:

 

Imports System.IO

Imports System.Net

Imports System.Text

Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions

Imports System

 

Public Class GetUrl

  Inherits System.Web.UI.Page

  Protected WithEvents Label1 As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label

  Protected WithEvents urlTextBox As System.Web.UI.WebControls.TextBox

  Protected WithEvents scrapeButton As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button

  Protected WithEvents TipResult As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label

  Protected WithEvents resultLabel As System.Web.UI.WebControls.TextBox

 

#Region " Web 窗体设计器生成的代码 "

 

  '该调用是 Web 窗体设计器所必需的。

  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

 

  End Sub

 

  Private Sub Page_Init(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Init

    'CODEGEN: 此方法调用是 Web 窗体设计器所必需的

    '不要使用代码编辑器修改它。

    InitializeComponent()

  End Sub

 

#End Region

 

  Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load

    '在此处放置初始化页的用户代码

    Label1.Text = "请输入一个URL地址:"

    scrapeButton.Text = "分离Href链接"

  End Sub

  Private report As New StringBuilder()

  Private webPage As String

  Private countOfMatches As Int32

 

  Public Sub scrapeButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)

    webPage = GrabUrl()

    Dim myDelegate As New MatchEvaluator(AddressOf MatchHandler)

 

    Dim linksExpression As New Regex( _

        "/<a.+?href=['""](?!http/:////)(?!mailto/:)(?>foundAnchor>[^'"">]+?)[^>]*?/>", _

        RegexOptions.Multiline Or RegexOptions.IgnoreCase Or RegexOptions.IgnorePatternWhitespace)

 

    Dim newWebPage As String = linksExpression.Replace(webPage, myDelegate)

 

    TipResult.Text = "<h2>从 " & urlTextBox.Text & "分离出的Href链接</h2>" & _

        "<b>找到并整理" & countOfMatches.ToString() & " 个链接</b><br><br>" & _

        report.ToString().Replace(Environment.NewLine, "<br>")

    TipResult.Text &= "<h2>整理过的页面</h2><script>window.document.title='抓取网页中的链接'</script>"

    resultLabel.Text = newWebPage

  End Sub

 

  Public Function MatchHandler(ByVal m As Match) As String

    Dim link As String = m.Groups("foundAnchor").Value

    Dim rToL As New Regex("^", RegexOptions.Multiline Or RegexOptions.RightToLeft)

    Dim col, row As Int32

    Dim lineBegin As Int32 = rToL.Match(webPage, m.Index).Index

 

    row = rToL.Matches(webPage, m.Index).Count

    col = m.Index - lineBegin

 

    report.AppendFormat( _

        "Link <b>{0}</b>, fixed at row: {1}, col: {2}{3}", _

        Server.HtmlEncode(m.Groups(0).Value), _

        row, _

        col, _

        Environment.NewLine _

    )

    Dim newLink As String

    If link.StartsWith("/") Then

      newLink = link.Substring(1)

    Else

      newLink = link

    End If

 

    countOfMatches += 1

    Return m.Groups(0).Value.Replace(link, newLink)

  End Function

 

  Private Function GrabUrl() As String

    Dim wc As New WebClient()

    Dim s As Stream = wc.OpenRead(urlTextBox.Text)

    Dim sr As StreamReader = New StreamReader(s, System.Text.Encoding.Default)

    GrabUrl = sr.ReadToEnd

    s.Close()

    wc.Dispose()

  End Function

 

End Class

 

 

 

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