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非议MFC(一)宏和类型定义的困惑

发表于2003/2/1 15:30:00  1187人阅读

                          非议MFC(一)宏和类型定义的困惑

关键字:C++,MFC,宏,macro,define,typedef

有感于MFC库代码之去简就繁、之故弄玄虚,作下文,聊博一笑。

请看一段常见的代码:

//in user.h
class CTest
{
private:
        int x;
public:
        void SetX(int setX);
        int GetX() const;
        operator int *();
        operator const int *() const;
        void * GetSafeHandle() const;
};

//in user.cpp
#include "user.h"
void CTest::SetX(int setX)
{
        x=setX;
}
//...

我们(MFC的作者)认为这样的代码太浅显,不够深沉,缺少内涵,没有嚼劲。赶快include我们的头文件吧,它可以提高代码的整体形象。我们的口号是:让蓝色关键字在屏幕上消失。

//in minimfc.h
#define USER_CLASS class
#define BEGIN_CLASS_DECLARATION {
#define END_CLASS_DECLARATION };
#define PRIVATE_MEMBER private:
#define PROTECTED_MEMBER protected:
#define PUBLIC_MEMBER public:
#define OPERATOR_OVERLOAD operator
#define CONSTANT_MEMBER_FUNTION const
#define BEGIN_FUNCTION_DEFINITION {
#define END_FUNCTION_DEFINITION }
typedef void AFX_RETURN_VOID_FUNCTION;
typedef int INT;
typedef int * LPINT;
typedef const int * LPCINT;
typedef void * HOBJ;

看!我们做到了。从此,我们的客户代码将这样写:

//in user.h
#include "minimfc.h"
USER_CLASS CTest
BEGIN_CLASS_DECLARATION
PRIVATE_MEMBER
        INT x;
PUBLIC_MEMBER
        AFX_RETURN_VOID_FUNCTION SetX(INT setX);
        INT GetX() CONSTANT_MEMBER_FUNTION;
        OPERATOR_OVERLOAD LPINT();
        OPERATOR_OVERLOAD LPCINT() CONSTANT_MEMBER_FUNTION;
        HOBJ GetSafeHandle() CONSTANT_MEMBER_FUNTION;
END_CLASS_DECLARATION

//in user.cpp
#include "user.h"
AFX_RETURN_VOID_FUNCTION CTest::SetX(INT setX)
BEGIN_FUNCTION_DEFINITION
        x=setX;
END_FUNCTION_DEFINITION
//...

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