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【收藏】通过 WMI 获取系统信息

发表于2004/10/11 16:39:00  1500人阅读

分类: 硬件/系统编程,单片机/驱动

通过 WMI 获取系统信息 

摘要:WMI: Windows Management Instrumentation (Windows 管理工具)

        通过 WMI 可以获取主板、BIOS、磁盘、显卡、网络等几乎所有的系统信息。 利用这个工具可以管理本地或客户端系统中几乎所有的信息。很多网络管理工具都是基于WMI开发的。在 Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 都有这个工具, 在 Windows 98 里面可以选择安装这个工具。
① 初始化 COM 接口:
   访问 WMI, 必须先初始化 COM 接口, 在程序的一开始调用 CoInitialize(NULL); 初始化, 在结束时调用 CoUninitialize(); 释放资源。
   这两个函数在 #include <comdef.h> 里面定义。

② 获取访问 WMI 权限:
   CoInitializeSecurity(NULL, -1, NULL, NULL, RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_PKT, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, NULL, EOAC_NONE, 0);
   如果这个函数返回 S_OK 获取权限成功, 否则为失败。

③ 通过 IWbemLocator 和 IWbemServices 这两个 COM 接口访问 WMI, 获取系统信息:
   这个函数的参数: lpList 返回信息, wsClass 为要查找的系统信息类, 这些 COM 接口在 #include <wbemidl.h> 里定义。

void GetWmiInfo(CString lpList, WideString wsClass)
{
  IWbemLocator *pWbemLocator = NULL;
  if(CoCreateInstance(CLSID_WbemAdministrativeLocator, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER|CLSCTX_LOCAL_SERVER, IID_IUnknown, (void**)&pWbemLocator) == S_OK)
   {
     IWbemServices *pWbemServices = NULL;
     WideString wsNamespace = (L"root//cimv2");
     if(pWbemLocator->ConnectServer(wsNamespace, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL, &pWbemServices) == S_OK)
      {
        IEnumWbemClassObject *pEnumClassObject = NULL;
        WideString wsWQL=L"WQL", wsQuery=WideString(L"Select * from ")+wsClass;
        if(pWbemServices->ExecQuery(wsWQL, wsQuery, WBEM_FLAG_RETURN_IMMEDIATELY,NULL, &pEnumClassObject) == S_OK)
         {
           IWbemClassObject *pClassObject = NULL;
           ULONG uCount = 1, uReturned;
           if(pEnumClassObject->Reset() == S_OK)
            {
              int iEnumIdx = 0;
              while(pEnumClassObject->Next(WBEM_INFINITE, uCount, &pClassObject, &uReturned) == S_OK)
               {
                 lpList += "---------------- ["+IntToStr(iEnumIdx)+"] -----------------");

                 SAFEARRAY *pvNames = NULL;
                 if(pClassObject->GetNames(NULL, WBEM_FLAG_ALWAYS | WBEM_MASK_CONDITION_ORIGIN, NULL, &pvNames) == S_OK)
                  {
                    long vbl, vbu;
                    SafeArrayGetLBound(pvNames, 1, &vbl);
                    SafeArrayGetUBound(pvNames, 1, &vbu);
                    for(long idx=vbl; idx<=vbu; idx++)
                     {
                       long aidx = idx;
                       wchar_t *wsName = 0;
                       VARIANT vValue;
                       VariantInit(&vValue);
                       SafeArrayGetElement(pvNames, &aidx, &wsName);

                       BSTR bs = SysAllocString(wsName);
                       HRESULT hRes = pClassObject->Get(bs, 0, &vValue, NULL, 0);
                       SysFreeString(bs);

                       if(hRes == S_OK)
                        {
                          AnsiString s;
                          Variant v = *(Variant*)&vValue;
                          if(v.IsArray())
                           {
                             for(int i=v.ArrayLowBound(); i<=v.ArrayHighBound(); i++)
                              {
                                Variant a = v.GetElement(i);
                                if(!s.IsEmpty())
                                  s+=", ";
                                s+=VarToStr(a);
                              }
                           }
                          else
                           {
                             s = VarToStr(v);
                           }
                          lpList += CString(wsName) + "=" + s;
                        }

                       VariantClear(&vValue);
                       SysFreeString(wsName);
                     }
                  }
                 if(pvNames)SafeArrayDestroy(pvNames);
                 iEnumIdx++;
               }
            }
           if(pClassObject)pClassObject->Release();
         }
        if(pEnumClassObject)pEnumClassObject->Release();
      }
     if(pWbemServices)pWbemServices->Release();
   }
  if(pWbemLocator)pWbemLocator->Release();
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------

WMI 可以访问的信息类型有:
   Win32_1394Controller
   Win32_BaseBoard
   Win32_Battery
   Win32_BIOS
   Win32_Bus
   Win32_CacheMemory
   Win32_CDROMDrive
   Win32_CurrentProbe
   Win32_DesktopMonitor
   Win32_DeviceMemoryAddress
   Win32_DiskDrive
   Win32_DisplayConfiguration
   Win32_DisplayControllerConfiguration
   Win32_DMAChannel
   Win32_Fan
   Win32_FloppyController
   Win32_FloppyDrive
   Win32_HeatPipe
   Win32_IDEController
   Win32_InfraredDevice
   Win32_IRQResource
   Win32_Keyboard
   Win32_MemoryArray
   Win32_MemoryDevice
   Win32_MotherboardDevice
   Win32_NetworkAdapter
   Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration
   Win32_OnBoardDevice
   Win32_ParallelPort
   Win32_PCMCIAController
   Win32_PhysicalMemory
   Win32_PhysicalMemoryArray
   Win32_PnPEntity
   Win32_PointingDevice
   Win32_PortableBattery
   Win32_PortConnector
   Win32_PortResource
   Win32_POTSModem
   Win32_PowerManagementEvent
   Win32_Printer
   Win32_PrinterConfiguration
   Win32_PrintJob
   Win32_Processor
   Win32_Refrigeration
   Win32_SerialPort
   Win32_SerialPortConfiguration
   Win32_SMBIOSMemory
   Win32_SoundDevice
   Win32_SystemEnclosure
   Win32_SystemMemoryResource
   Win32_SystemSlot
   Win32_TapeDrive
   Win32_TemperatureProbe
   Win32_UninterruptiblePowerSupply
   Win32_USBController
   Win32_VideoConfiguration
   Win32_VideoController
   Win32_VoltageProbe

以上类型(字符串值)通过前面写的函数 GetWmiInfo 可以得到相应的信息, 例如 GetWmiInfo(strInfo, "WIN32_bios");

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