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SYBASE 数据库迁移到AS 400 db2的FAQ(三)

发表于2003/10/15 0:06:00  1028人阅读

继续上一篇文章的内容

21Db2SQLSTATE的代号如何定义?

答:如下

Class Code 00: Unqualified Successful Completion

Class Code 01: Warning

Class Code 02: No Data

Class Code 07: Dynamic SQL Error

Class Code 08: Connection Exception

Class Code 09: Triggered Action Exception

Class Code 0A: Feature Not Supported

Class Code 0E: Invalid Schema Name List Specification

Class Code 0F: Invalid Token

Class Code 0K: Resignal When Handler Not Active

Class Code 20: Case Not Found for Case Statement

Class Code 21: Cardinality Violation

Class Code 22: Data Exception

Class Code 23: Constraint Violation

Class Code 24: Invalid Cursor State

Class Code 25: Invalid Transaction State

Class Code 26: Invalid SQL Statement Identifier

Class Code 27: Triggered Data Change Violation

Class Code 28: Invalid Authorization Specification

Class Code 2D: Invalid Transaction Termination

Class Code 2E: Invalid Connection Name

Class Code 2F: SQL Function Exception

Class Code 34: Invalid Cursor Name

Class Code 38: External Function Exception

Class Code 39: External Function Call Exception

Class Code 3B: Savepoint Exception

Class Code 3C: Ambiguous Cursor Name

Class Code 42: Syntax Error or Access Rule Violation

Class Code 44: WITH CHECK OPTION Violation

Class Code 46: Java Errors

Class Code 51: Invalid Application State

Class Code 54: SQL or Product Limit Exceeded

Class Code 55: Object Not in Prerequisite State

Class Code 56: Miscellaneous SQL or Product Error

Class Code 57: Resource Not Available or Operator Intervention

Class Code 58: System Error

22.如何对当前游标的行数据进行删除,更新操作?

答:例如  DECLARE THISEMP CURSOR FOR SELECT EMPNO, LASTNAME,
WORKDEPT, JOB
FROM CORPDATA.EMPLOYEE
FOR UPDATE OF JOB ;

open THISEMP ;

UPDATE CORPDATA.EMPLOYEE
SET JOB = :NEW-CODE
WHERE CURRENT OF THISEMP

 

23Db2中使用 NOT  FOUND 控制游标?

答:NOT FOUND是DB2中的全局变量,可以等同于如下

IF SQLCODE =100 GO TO DATA-NOT-FOUND.

 or

 EXEC SQL

 WHENEVER NOT FOUND GO TO symbolic-address

END-EXEC.

 IF SQLSTATE ='02000' GO TO DATA-NOT-FOUND.

24DB2下动态游标如何定义和使用?

答:给出一个例子

CREATE PROCEDURE CREATE_DEPT_TABLE (IN P_DEPT CHAR(3))

        LANGUAGE SQL

   BEGIN

     DECLARE STMT CHAR(1000);

     DECLARE MESSAGE CHAR(20);

     DECLARE TABLE_NAME CHAR(30);

     DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR SQLEXCEPTION

        SET MESSAGE = 'ok';

     SET TABLE_NAME = 'CORPDATA.DEPT_' CONCAT P_DEPT CONCAT '_T';

     SET STMT = 'DROP TABLE ' CONCAT TABLE_NAME;

     PREPARE S1 FROM STMT;

     EXECUTE S1;

        SET STMT = 'CREATE TABLE ' CONCAT TABLE_NAME CONCAT

       '( EMPNO CHAR(6) NOT NULL,

          FIRSTNME VARCHAR(12) NOT NULL,

          MIDINIT CHAR(1) NOT NULL,

          LASTNAME CHAR(15) NOT NULL,

          SALARY DECIMAL(9,2))';

     PREPARE S2 FROM STMT;

     EXECUTE S2;

     SET STMT = 'INSERT INTO ' CONCAT TABLE_NAME CONCAT

       'SELECT EMPNO, FIRSTNME, MIDINIT, LASTNAME, SALARY

         FROM CORPDATA.EMPLOYEE

         WHERE  WORKDEPT = ?';

     PREPARE S3 FROM STMT;

     EXECUTE S3 USING P_DEPT;

END;

 

25DB2下在存储过程中,直接执行sql语句,如何定义和使用?

答:举例如下

CREATE PROCEDURE CREATE_DEPT_TABLE (IN P_DEPT CHAR(3))

        LANGUAGE SQL

   BEGIN

     DECLARE STMT CHAR(1000);

     DECLARE MESSAGE CHAR(20);

     DECLARE TABLE_NAME CHAR(30);

     DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR SQLEXCEPTION

        SET MESSAGE = 'ok';

     SET TABLE_NAME = 'CORPDATA.DEPT_' CONCAT P_DEPT CONCAT '_T';

     SET STMT = 'DROP TABLE ' CONCAT TABLE_NAME;

     PREPARE S1 FROM STMT;

     EXECUTE S1;

        SET STMT = 'CREATE TABLE ' CONCAT TABLE_NAME CONCAT

       '( EMPNO CHAR(6) NOT NULL,

          FIRSTNME VARCHAR(12) NOT NULL,

          MIDINIT CHAR(1) NOT NULL,

          LASTNAME CHAR(15) NOT NULL,

          SALARY DECIMAL(9,2))';

     PREPARE S2 FROM STMT;

     EXECUTE S2;

     SET STMT = 'INSERT INTO ' CONCAT TABLE_NAME CONCAT

       'SELECT EMPNO, FIRSTNME, MIDINIT, LASTNAME, SALARY

         FROM CORPDATA.EMPLOYEE

         WHERE  WORKDEPT = ?';

     PREPARE S3 FROM STMT;

     EXECUTE S3 USING P_DEPT;

END;

26DB2是否支持多重事务?是如何实现的?

: DB2支持多重事务,使用SAVEPOINT的机制管理多重事务处理。允许在一个事务中设置多个保存点,而出错是回滚到指定保存点。

COMMIT

ROLLBACK

SET TRANSACTION

 

SAVEPOINT STOP_HERE  ON ROLLBACK RETAIN CURSORS;

 

SAVEPOINT START_OVER UNIQUE    ON ROLLBACK RETAIN CURSORS;

RELEASE SAVEPOINT START_OVER

27Sybase 使用raiserror 99999 ‘xxxx’自定义错误信息,db2如何实现自定义错误?

答:使用signal SQLSTATE 'ii0002' set message_text  = ‘dddd’;  指定SQLSTATE信息返回自定义的错误信息。 注意sqlstate 必须是 5 位字符,可以是 0 – 9 ,不允许大写字符A-Z和其他特殊字符。不允许前两个字符是‘00’。Message_text 信息限制在70字节长度。

举例如下

CREATE PROCEDURE raise ( IN rating INTEGER )

  LANGUAGE SQL

    BEGIN

       DECLARE new_salary DECIMAL(9,2);

       DECLARE service DECIMAL(8,0);

       DECLARE v_empno CHAR(6) DEFAULT '123456';

            SELECT salary, current_date - hiredate

               INTO new_salary, service

               FROM employee

               WHERE empno = v_empno;

            IF service < 600

              THEN SIGNAL SQLSTATE 'II001'

                     SET MESSAGE_TEXT = 'Insufficient time in service.';

            END IF;

            IF rating = 1

             THEN SET new_salary =

                          new_salary + (new_salary * .10);

             ELSEIF rating = 2

             THEN SET new_salary =

                          new_salary + (new_salary * .05);

            END IF;

            UPDATE employee

               SET salary = new_salary

               WHERE empno = v_empno;

     END;

 

28Db2return的限制和使用?

答: return 不允许在触发器中使用。

    

29Db2中如何创建trigger

答:Db2的trigger 和Sybase 的触发器有些区别,Sybase中触发器全部市after方式。

Db2可以定义触发器的触发时机(after,before)

具体格式:

create Trigger info_plu_ti after insert on info_plu_tab Referencing New as new for each row

30Db2CASE 控制语句用法和例子?

答:用法举例如下:

   CASE evaluation

WHEN 100 THEN UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.3;

WHEN 90 THEN UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.2;

WHEN 80 THEN UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.1;

ELSE UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.05;

END CASE;

或者:

CASE

WHEN evaluation = 100 THEN UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.3;

WHEN evaluation = 90 THEN UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.2;

WHEN evaluation = 80 THEN UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.1;

ELSE UPDATE employee SET salary = salary * 1.05;

END CASE;

 

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