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SQL子查询的一些例子

发表于2004/6/23 1:01:00  103513人阅读

分类: 数据库相关

1、单行子查询
        select ename,deptno,sal
        from emp
        where deptno=(select deptno from dept where loc='NEW YORK');

     2、多行子查询
        SELECT ename,job,sal
        FROM EMP
        WHERE deptno in ( SELECT deptno FROM dept WHERE dname LIKE 'A%');

     3、多列子查询
        SELECT deptno,ename,job,sal
        FROM EMP
        WHERE (deptno,sal) IN (SELECT deptno,MAX(sal) FROM EMP GROUP BY deptno);

     4、内联视图子查询
       (1)SELECT ename,job,sal,rownum
          FROM (SELECT ename,job,sal FROM EMP ORDER BY sal);
       (2)SELECT ename,job,sal,rownum
          FROM ( SELECT ename,job,sal FROM EMP ORDER BY sal)
          WHERE rownum<=5;
 
     5、在HAVING子句中使用子查询
        SELECT deptno,job,AVG(sal) FROM EMP GROUP BY deptno,job HAVING AVG(sal)>(SELECT sal FROM EMP WHERE ename='MARTIN');

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