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事件驱动的Web之旅——JSP与JavaScript的融合(续)

发表于2004/4/23 13:26:00  1212人阅读

分类: Web Design

我们再来说一说JSPJavaScript的搭配使用和相互访问。

也许你用过DelphiWebBroker开发过Web Application当你每做的一件事(提交)就是一个WebAction,说白了,就是一个函数。而这个函数在ASPJSP条件下就成了一个页面。不过你也应该把他们理解成函数,一个返回字符串的函数。而这个字符串,就是你在浏览器利用查看源文件菜单命令所看到的结果。这样,JavaScript调用Java变量的问题就迎刃而解了。我们的JSP返回的字符串有JavaScript代码,而这些代码是由浏览器解释执行的。由于JavaScript代码的生成都可以由JSP动态生成,所以,JavaScript中可以包含JSP代码的运行结果。这样就实现了JavaScriptJSP变量的调用。

下面我们再来看一看,JavaScriptJSP方法和JSPJavaScript的调用。这两个调用都有一个共同点,那就是需要对页面进行提交,在用Hidden设置几个隐藏参数。JSP根据获得的参数再进行相应的处理,就可以了。也许有的人已经不太明白了,那我们还是用一个程序来说明问题吧!

程序二:一个服务器获得客户端信息的Web页面。他获得了客户端的一些屏幕设置,并把它们记录在数据库里。

GetClientInfo.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8" language="java" %>

<%@ import="java.sql.*" %>

<HTML>

<HEAD>

<TITLE>Information</TITLE>

<META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html; charset=utf-8">

<STYLE TYPE="text/css">

TABLE, BODY {

    font-family: "Courier New";

    font-size: 10pt;

}

</STYLE>

</HEAD>

<BODY>

<%

    if(request.getParameter("isHaveData") == null){ %>

        <FORM NAME="frmClient" METHOD="POST">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="isHaveData" VALUE="">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="iScreenWidth">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="iColorDepth">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="iScreenHeight">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="sBrowseName">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="sBrowseVer">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="iClientHeight">

        <INPUT TYPE="HIDDEN" NAME="iClientWidth">

        <SCRIPT language="JavaScript1.4" TYPE="TEXT/JAVASCRIPT">

        frmClient.iScreenWidth.value = screen.width;

        frmClient.iScreenHeight.value = screen.height;

        frmClient.iColorDepth.value = screen.colorDepth;

        frmClient.sBrowseName.value = navigator.appName;

        frmClient.sBrowseVer.value = navigator.appVersion;

        frmClient.iClientHeight.value = screen.availHeight;

        frmClient.iClientWidth.value = screen.availWidth;

        frmClient.submit();

        </SCRIPT>

        </FORM>

    <% } else { %>

        <OBJECT id=objMSAgent

classid=CLSID:D45FD31B-5C6E-11D1-9EC1-00C04FD7081F

 width="32" height="32">

</OBJECT>

        <SCRIPT language="JavaScript1.4" TYPE="TEXT/JAVASCRIPT">

            var MerlinID;

            var MerlinACS;

            objMSAgent.Connected = true;

            MerlinLoaded = LoadLocalAgent(MerlinID, MerlinACS);

            Merlin = objMSAgent.Characters.Character(MerlinID);

            Merlin.Show();

            Merlin.Play("Surprised");

            Merlin.Speak("<%= "Hello?" %>");

            Merlin.Play("GestureLeft");

            Merlin.Think("<%= "This is a jsp variant" %>");

            Merlin.Play("Pleased");

            Merlin.Think("<%= "JavaScript uses jsp variants" %>");

            Merlin.Play("GestureDown");

            Merlin.Speak("<%= "Bye! so Easy!" %>");

            Merlin.Hide();

            function LoadLocalAgent(CharID, CharACS) {

                LoadReq = objMSAgent.Characters.Load(CharID, CharACS);

                return(true);

            }

        </SCRIPT>

        <TABLE>

            <TR><TD COLSPAN="2">

<FONT COLOR="#FF0000">your infomation:</FONT>

</TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Screen Width:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("iScreenWidth") %></TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Screen Height:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("iScreenHeight") %></TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Color Depth:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("iColorDepth") %></TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Browse Name:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("sBrowseName") %></TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Browse Version:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("sBrowseVer") %></TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Client area Width:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("iClientWidth") %></TD></TR>

            <TR><TD>Client area Height:</TD>

<TD><%= request.getParameter("iClientHeight") %></TD></TR>

        </TABLE>

        <% String strDSN =

"jdbc:odbc:driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};DBQ="

 + application.getRealPath("//WEB-INF//msg.mdb");

        Connection cnct = null;

        Statement stmt = null;

        Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver");

        cnct = DriverManager.getConnection(strDSN,"","");

        stmt = cnct.createStatement(

ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE,

ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE);

        java.text.DateFormat dfNow =

java.text.DateFormat.getDateTimeInstance(

                  java.text.DateFormat.MEDIUM,

java.text.DateFormat.MEDIUM);

        String strDate = dfNow.format(new java.util.Date());

        String sInsertSQL = "INSERT INTO ClientMsg VALUES(" +

                "/'" + request.getRemoteAddr() + "/'," +

                "/'" + strDate +"/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("iScreenWidth") + "/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("iScreenHeight") + "/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("iColorDepth") + "/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("sBrowseName") + "/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("sBrowseVer") + "/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("iClientWidth") + "/'," +

                "/'" + request.getParameter("iClientHeight") + "/');";

        stmt.executeUpdate(sInsertSQL); %>

        <P><FONT COLOR="#FF0000">

The information of other visitors:</FONT></P>

        <% ResultSet RS = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM ClientMsg");

        while(RS.next()){ %>

            <TABLE>

                <TR><TD COLSPAN="2"><HR SIZE="1"></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD COLSPAN="2"><STRONG>

<FONT COLOR="#0000FF"><%=RS.getString("IP")%> at

                    <%=RS.getString("Time")%> visited this Page

</FONT></STRONG></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Screen Width:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("ScreenWidth") %></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Screen Height:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("ScreenHeight") %></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Color Depth:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("ColorDepth") %></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Browse Name:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("BrowseName") %></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Browse Version:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("BrowseVer") %></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Client area Width:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("ClientWidth") %></TD></TR>

                <TR><TD>Client area Height:</TD>

<TD><%= RS.getString("ClientHeight") %></TD></TR>

            </TABLE>

        <% }

        RS.close();

        RS = null;

        stmt.close();

        cnct.close();

        stmt = null;

        cnct = null;

    }

%>

<BR>

</BODY>

</HTML>

这个Web运行时,首先用JavaScript获得客户端的信息,然后自动提交页面,提交后JSP会记录相应信息,并保存在数据库里,然后再把所有的访问者的情况从数据库里读出来显示。在这个程序里还调用了MSAgent他所显示的文字全都是JSP的变量,当然你也可以设置成别的。

本程序还用到了数据库,是Accsess,一个放于 %YOURAPP%/WEB-INF/msg.mdb的文件。里面有一个表ClientMsg。有几个字段:

好的例子一个足已!

也许你会说,不就是提交么?

对,下一次我们讲的就是 提交的艺术。

(运行环境 IE6、TOMCAT4.1.x JDK1.4.x)

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