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java版的SHA-1

发表于2004/10/21 14:57:00  1859人阅读

/**
 * <b>This Java Class consists the server side for the wondeful JavaScript library 'sha1.js'. I wrote it because I basically needed
 * some cheap client/server login authentication by the usual key/data system. Besides, I got the creeps watching the password
 * posted unencrypted via http requests. This class makes sure that if your client is using the 'sha1.js' to encrypt the password
 * with a key sent by the server, you can always repeat the encrypting on the server side (using the same key) and compare the
 * encrypted strings. Since anyone who is trapping the http requests can actually send you the same encrypted string, I suggest
 * you use the client's IP address as the base for the key generation. Since IP address spoofing is not a problem, this authentication
 * method is not a very secured solution. If you need a full proof solution use ssl. However, this one, sure beats nothing.
 * Feel free to do with it whatever you want</b>
 * <p><b>This Class is an Abstract Class, to make sure you do not create any new instances of it. It does not throw any exceptions and
 * the code is much more 'C' like than pure object oriented. There are no implemented interfaces and no inheritance in use. In fact, it
 * is written as close as possible to the original JavaScript code. I did not test tweaking the instance variables but if you do change
 * them, make sure to apply the same change in the 'sha1.js' library or you won't get the same encrypted strings.
 * You can call each one of the 6 work methods by using something like: SHA1.hex_hmac_sha1("key", "data");
 * They are the only public methods. All are public and static. You have no reason to call the private ones anyway.</p></b>
 * <p>The 'sha1.js' is a JavaScript implementation of the Secure Hash Algorithm, SHA-1, as defined in FIPS PUB 180-1.
 * JavaScript Version 2.1 Copyright Paul Johnston 2000 - 2002. Other contributors to JavaScript version: Greg Holt,
 * Andrew Kepert, Ydnar, Lostinet Distributed under the BSD License</p>
 * <p>See <a href="http://pajhome.org.uk/crypt/md5">http://pajhome.org.uk/crypt/md5</a> for details.</p>
 * <p><b>Author: </b>T.N.Silverman (C.T.Xm - SiA Riga, LV)   <a href="mailto:tnsilver@ctcm.com">mailto:tnsilver@ctxm.com</a>
 * <br>Creation date: (3/27/2004 5:57:00 PM)</p>
 * <p>Don't forget to visit my company, <b>CTXM</b> site at <a href="http://www.ctxm.com">http://www.ctxm.com</a> where you will find reference to all of the games this code is used in.
 */
public abstract class SHA1 {
  private static final boolean hexcase = false;/* hex output format. false - lowercase; true - uppercase */
  private static final String b64pad = "=";     /* base-64 pad character. "=" for strict RFC compliance   */
  private static final int chrsz = 8;          /* bits per input character. 8 - ASCII; 16 - Unicode      */
/**
 * This is one of the functions you'll usually want to call
 * It take a string arguments and returns either hex or base-64 encoded strings
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param key java.lang.String
 * @param data java.lang.String
 */
public static String b64_hmac_sha1(String key, String data) {
  return binb2b64(core_hmac_sha1(key, data));
}
/**
 * This is one of the functions you'll usually want to call
 * It take a string argument and returns either hex or base-64 encoded strings
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param s java.lang.String
 */
public static String b64_sha1(String s) {
  s = (s==null) ? "" : s;
  return binb2b64(core_sha1(str2binb(s), s.length() * chrsz));
}
/**
 * Convert an array of big-endian words to a base-64 string
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param binarray int[]
 */
private static String binb2b64(int[] binarray) {
  String tab = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";
  String str = "";
  binarray = strechBinArray(binarray, binarray.length * 4);
  for (int i = 0; i < binarray.length * 4; i += 3) {
    int triplet =
      (((binarray[i >> 2] >> 8 * (3 - i % 4)) & 0xFF) << 16)
        | (((binarray[i + 1 >> 2] >> 8 * (3 - (i + 1) % 4)) & 0xFF) << 8)
        | ((binarray[i + 2 >> 2] >> 8 * (3 - (i + 2) % 4)) & 0xFF);
    for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++) {
      if (i * 8 + j * 6 > binarray.length * 32)
        str += b64pad;
      else
        str += tab.charAt((triplet >> 6 * (3 - j)) & 0x3F);
    }
  }
  return cleanB64Str(str);
}
/**
 * Convert an array of big-endian words to a hex string.
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param binarray int[]
 */
private static String binb2hex(int[] binarray) {
  String hex_tab = hexcase ? "0123456789ABCDEF" : "0123456789abcdef";
  String str = "";
  for (int i = 0; i < binarray.length * 4; i++) {
    char a = (char) hex_tab.charAt((binarray[i >> 2] >> ((3 - i % 4) * 8 + 4)) & 0xF);
    char b = (char) hex_tab.charAt((binarray[i >> 2] >> ((3 - i % 4) * 8)) & 0xF);
    str += (new Character(a).toString() + new Character(b).toString());
  }
  return str;
}
/**
 * Convert an array of big-endian words to a string
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param bin int[]
 */
private static String binb2str(int[] bin) {
  String str = "";
  int mask = (1 << chrsz) - 1;
  for (int i = 0; i < bin.length * 32; i += chrsz)
    str += (char) ((bin[i >> 5] >>> (24 - i % 32)) & mask);
  return str;
}
/**
 * Bitwise rotate a 32-bit number to the left.
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param num int
 * @param cnt int
 */
private static int bit_rol(int num, int cnt) {
  return (num << cnt) | (num >>> (32 - cnt));
}
/**
 * Cleans a base64 String from all the trailing 'A' or other
 * characters put there by binb2b64 that made the bin array
 * 4 times larger than it originally was.
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param str java.lang.String
 */
private static String cleanB64Str(String str) {
  str = (str==null) ? "" : str;
  int len = str.length();
  if (len <= 1)
    return str;
  char trailChar = str.charAt(len - 1);
  String trailStr="";
  for (int i=len-1;i>=0 && str.charAt(i)==trailChar;i--)
     trailStr += str.charAt(i);   
  return str.substring(0,str.indexOf(trailStr));
}
/**
 * Makes an int array of a length less than 16 an array of length 16 with all previous
 * cells at their previous indexes.
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int[]
 * @param str java.lang.String
 */
private static int[] complete216(int[] oldbin) {
  if (oldbin.length >= 16)
    return oldbin;
  int[] newbin = new int[16 - oldbin.length];
  for (int i = 0; i < newbin.length; newbin[i] = 0, i++);
  return concat(oldbin, newbin);
}
/**
 * Joins two int arrays and return one that contains all the previous values.
 * This corresponds to the concat method of the JavaScript Array object.
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int[]
 * @param str java.lang.String
 */
private static int[] concat(int[] oldbin, int[] newbin) {
  int[] retval = new int[oldbin.length + newbin.length];
  for (int i = 0; i < (oldbin.length + newbin.length); i++) {
    if (i < oldbin.length)
      retval[i] = oldbin[i];
    else
      retval[i] = newbin[i - oldbin.length];
  }
  return retval;
}
/**
 * Calculate the HMAC-SHA1 of a key and some data
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param x java.lang.String[]
 * @param len int
 */
private static int[] core_hmac_sha1(String key, String data) {
  key = (key == null) ? "" : key;
  data = (data == null) ? "" : data;
  int[] bkey = complete216(str2binb(key));
  if (bkey.length > 16)
    bkey = core_sha1(bkey, key.length() * chrsz);
  int[] ipad = new int[16];
  int[] opad = new int[16];
  for (int i = 0; i < 16; ipad[i] = 0, opad[i] = 0, i++);
  for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
    ipad[i] = bkey[i] ^ 0x36363636;
    opad[i] = bkey[i] ^ 0x5C5C5C5C;
  }
  int[] hash =
    core_sha1(concat(ipad, str2binb(data)), 512 + data.length() * chrsz);
  return core_sha1(concat(opad, hash), 512 + 160);
}
/**
 * Calculate the SHA-1 of an array of big-endian words, and a bit length
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param x java.lang.String[]
 * @param len int
 */
private static int[] core_sha1(int[] x, int len) {
  /* append padding */
  int size = (len >> 5);
  x = strechBinArray(x, size);
  x[len >> 5] |= 0x80 << (24 - len % 32);
  size = ((len + 64 >> 9) << 4) + 15;
  x = strechBinArray(x, size);
  x[((len + 64 >> 9) << 4) + 15] = len;
  int[] w = new int[80];
  int a = 1732584193;
  int b = -271733879;
  int c = -1732584194;
  int d = 271733878;
  int e = -1009589776;
  for (int i = 0; i < x.length; i += 16) {
    int olda = a;
    int oldb = b;
    int oldc = c;
    int oldd = d;
    int olde = e;
    for (int j = 0; j < 80; j++) {
      if (j < 16)
        w[j] = x[i + j];
      else
        w[j] = rol(w[j - 3] ^ w[j - 8] ^ w[j - 14] ^ w[j - 16], 1);
      int t =
        safe_add(
          safe_add(rol(a, 5), sha1_ft(j, b, c, d)),
          safe_add(safe_add(e, w[j]), sha1_kt(j)));
      e = d;
      d = c;
      c = rol(b, 30);
      b = a;
      a = t;
    }
    a = safe_add(a, olda);
    b = safe_add(b, oldb);
    c = safe_add(c, oldc);
    d = safe_add(d, oldd);
    e = safe_add(e, olde);
  }
  int[] retval = new int[5];
  retval[0] = a;
  retval[1] = b;
  retval[2] = c;
  retval[3] = d;
  retval[4] = e;
  return retval;
}
/**
 * Just a test function to output the results of the 6 working funcions to the standard out.
 * The two Strings used as parameters are null. Feel free to test with different values.
 * Creation date:(3/27/20046:05:10PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 */
private static void doTest() {
  String key="key";
  String data="data";
  System.out.println("hex_sha1(" + data + ")=" + hex_sha1(data));
  System.out.println("b64_sha1(" + data + ")=" + b64_sha1(data));
  System.out.println("str_sha1(" + data + ")=" + str_sha1(data));
  System.out.println("hex_hmac_sha1(" + key + "," + data + ")=" + hex_hmac_sha1(key, data));
  System.out.println("b64_hmac_sha1(" + key + "," + data + ")=" + b64_hmac_sha1(key, data));
  System.out.println("str_hmac_sha1(" + key + "," + data + ")=" + str_hmac_sha1(key, data));
}
/**
 * This is one of the functions you'll usually want to call
 * It take a string arguments and returns either hex or base-64 encoded strings
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param key java.lang.String
 * @param data java.lang.String
 */
public static String hex_hmac_sha1(String key, String data) {
  return binb2hex(core_hmac_sha1(key, data));
}
/**
 * This is one of the functions you'll usually want to call
 * It take a string argument and returns either hex or base-64 encoded strings
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param s java.lang.String
 */
public static String hex_sha1(String s) {
  s = (s == null) ? "" : s;
  return binb2hex(core_sha1(str2binb(s), s.length() * chrsz));
}
/**
 * Bitwise rotate a 32-bit number to the left. * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * Creation date: (3/27/2004 6:05:10 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param num int
 * @param cnt int
 */
private static int rol(int num, int cnt) {
  return (num << cnt) | (num >>> (32 - cnt));
}
/**
 * Add ints, wrapping at 2^32. This uses 16-bit operations internally
 * to work around bugs in some JS interpreters. The original function
 * is part of the sha1.js library. It's here for compatibility.
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param num int
 * @param cnt int
 */
private static int safe_add(int x, int y) {
  int lsw = (int) (x & 0xFFFF) + (int) (y & 0xFFFF);
  int msw = (x >> 16) + (y >> 16) + (lsw >> 16);
  return (msw << 16) | (lsw & 0xFFFF);
}
/**
 * Perform the appropriate triplet combination function for the current
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param t int
 * @param b int
 * @param c int
 * @param d int
 */
private static int sha1_ft(int t, int b, int c, int d) {
  if (t < 20)
    return (b & c) | ((~b) & d);
  if (t < 40)
    return b ^ c ^ d;
  if (t < 60)
    return (b & c) | (b & d) | (c & d);
  return b ^ c ^ d;
}
/**
 * Determine the appropriate additive constant for the current iteration
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int
 * @param t int
 */
private static int sha1_kt(int t) {
  return (t < 20)
    ? 1518500249
    : (t < 40)
    ? 1859775393
    : (t < 60)
    ? -1894007588
    : -899497514;
}
/**
 * This is a boolean returnig test function that exists in the sha1.js library.
 * If it returns 'false' something is wrong.
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param s java.lang.String
 */
private static boolean sha1_vm_test() {
  return hexcase ? hex_sha1("abc").equals("A9993E364706816ABA3E25717850C26C9CD0D89D") : hex_sha1("abc").equals("a9993e364706816aba3e25717850c26c9cd0d89d");
}
/**
 * This is one of the functions you'll usually want to call
 * It take a string arguments and returns either hex or base-64 encoded strings
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param key java.lang.String
 * @param data java.lang.String
 */
public static String str_hmac_sha1(String key, String data) {
  return binb2str(core_hmac_sha1(key, data));
}
/**
 * This is one of the functions you'll usually want to call
 * It take a string argument and returns either hex or base-64 encoded strings
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return java.lang.String
 * @param s java.lang.String
 */
public static String str_sha1(String s) {
  s = (s == null) ? "" : s;
  return binb2str(core_sha1(str2binb(s), s.length() * chrsz));
}
/**
 * Convert an 8-bit or 16-bit string to an array of big-endian words
 * In 8-bit function, characters >255 have their hi-byte silently ignored.
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int[]
 * @param str java.lang.String
 */
private static int[] str2binb(String str) {
  str = (str==null) ? "" : str;
  int[] tmp = new int[str.length() * chrsz];
  int mask = (1 << chrsz) - 1;
  for(int i = 0; i < str.length() * chrsz; i += chrsz)
    tmp[i>>5] |= ( (int)(str.charAt(i / chrsz)) & mask) << (24 - i%32);

  int len = 0;
  for (int i=0;i<tmp.length&&tmp[i]!=0;i++,len++);
  int[] bin = new int[len];
  for (int i=0;i<len;i++)
    bin[i] = tmp[i];
  return bin;
 }
/**
 * increase an int array to a desired sized + 1 while keeping the old values.
 * Creation date: (3/26/2004 1:05:01 PM)
 * @author T.N.Silverman
 * @version 1.0.0
 * @return int[]
 * @param str java.lang.String
 */
private static int[] strechBinArray(int[] oldbin, int size) {
  int currlen = oldbin.length;
  if (currlen >= size + 1)
    return oldbin;
  int[] newbin = new int[size + 1];
  for (int i = 0; i < size; newbin[i] = 0, i++);
  for (int i = 0; i < currlen; i++)
    newbin[i] = oldbin[i];
  return newbin;
}
}

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