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JavaScript图形库

发表于2004/9/20 19:15:00  1083人阅读

分类: JS/VBS

JavaScript图形库

VisualSW

       WEB开发中,当我们需要在WEB页面上绘制一些图形的时候,就比较困难了,最近的开发中碰到了些需要在客户端绘制图形,比如三角形、椭圆等。好在现在有互联网,到Google一搜,呵呵,还真不少,就这样,找到了一个很好的JavaScriptDhtml的图形库,真的很好,不由得感慨老外开发的专业,^_^,好了,我们就去看看吧。

这位老外Walter Zorn的网址是http://www.walterzorn.com,很好的JavaScript的网站,很强的说。

这次用到的是WEB直接绘图功能,到这个地址下载

http://www.walterzorn.com/scripts/wz_jsgraphics.zip

我们来看看效果:

强吧,呵呵!

页面上的帮助文档很强,不用我来解释了吧。

我在这个上面做了一点点开发,呵呵,大家也可以根据自己的需要开发新的函数哈;

增加了一个方法:带箭头的直线

首先添加一些参数:

/*

=====================================================================================

功能:带箭头直线参数

作者:申旺

日期:2004/04/15

======================================================================

*/

var LineColor="#000000";

var LineWidth=3;

var ArrowHeadWidth=5;

var ArrowHeadAngle=15/180*Math.PI;//弧度

var ArrowBegin=true;

var ArrowEnd=true;

 

/*

======================================================================

*/

 

 

然后添加绘制带箭头直线的函数,可以设置箭头的有无,文字,箭头的角度等

/*

======================================================================

功能:绘制带箭头直线

作者:申旺

日期:2004/04/15

======================================================================

*/

    this.setArrowWidth = function(x)

    {

        ArrowHeadWidth = x;

    }

   

    this.setArrowAngle = function(x)

    {

        x=x>90?45:x;

        x=x<0?45:x;

        ArrowHeadAngle = x*Math.PI/180;

    }

   

    this.setLineWidth = function(x)

    {

        LineWidth=x;

    }

   

    this.setLineColor = function(x)

    {

        LineColor=x;

    }

   

    this.setArrowBegin = function(x)

    {

        ArrowBegin=x;

    }

   

    this.setArrowEnd = function(x)

    {

        ArrowEnd=x;

    }

      

       this.drawArrowHeadLine = function(beginX,beginY,endX,endY)

       {

           this.setColor(LineColor);

        this.setStroke(LineWidth);

       

           var dx,dy;   

        dx=Math.abs(beginX-endX);

        dy=Math.abs(beginY-endY);

       

        var LineSlope;//直线斜率(弧度)       

       

        LineSlope=Math.atan(dx/dy);

       

        //求出中距每点的坐标

        var tmpLine;

       

        tmpLine=(LineWidth+ArrowHeadWidth)/(2*Math.sin(ArrowHeadAngle));    

          

        //起点中点

        var BeginCenterX;

        var BeginCenterY;

       

        //终点中点

        var EndCenterX;

        var EndCenterY;       

       

        if(ArrowBegin)

        {

        //绘制起点三角形

        //Begin           

           

            BeginCenterX=beginX+tmpLine*Math.sin(LineSlope);

            BeginCenterY=beginY+tmpLine*Math.cos(LineSlope);

           

            //定义起点三角形的三个顶点

            var BeginX1,BeginY1;

            var BeginX2,BeginY2;

            var BeginX3,BeginY3;

           

            BeginX1=beginX;

            BeginY1=beginY;               

           

            BeginX2=beginX-tmpLine*Math.sin(ArrowHeadAngle-LineSlope);

            BeginY2=beginY+tmpLine*Math.cos(ArrowHeadAngle-LineSlope);

           

            BeginX3=beginX+tmpLine*Math.sin(ArrowHeadAngle+LineSlope);

            BeginY3=beginY+tmpLine*Math.cos(ArrowHeadAngle+LineSlope);       

           

            var XBeginpoints = new Array(BeginX1,BeginX2,BeginX3);

            var YBeginpoints = new Array(BeginY1,BeginY2,BeginY3);

            this.fillPolygon(XBeginpoints, YBeginpoints);           

                       

        //End

        }

        else

        {

            BeginCenterX=beginX;

            BeginCenterY=beginY;

        }

       

       

        if(ArrowEnd)

        {

        //绘制终点三角形

        //Begin          

           

            EndCenterX=endX-tmpLine*Math.sin(LineSlope);

            EndCenterY=endY-tmpLine*Math.cos(LineSlope);           

           

            //定义终点三角形的三个顶点

            var EndX1,EndY1;

            var EndX2,EndY2;

            var EndX3,EndY3;

           

            EndX1=endX;

            EndY1=endY;

           

            EndX2=endX-tmpLine*Math.sin(ArrowHeadAngle+LineSlope);

            EndY2=endY-tmpLine*Math.cos(ArrowHeadAngle+LineSlope);

           

            EndX3=endX+tmpLine*Math.sin(ArrowHeadAngle-LineSlope);

            EndY3=endY-tmpLine*Math.cos(ArrowHeadAngle-LineSlope);       

           

            var XEndpoints = new Array(EndX1,EndX2,EndX3);

            var YEndpoints = new Array(EndY1,EndY2,EndY3);

            this.fillPolygon(XEndpoints, YEndpoints);

       

        //End

        }

        else

        {

            EndCenterX=endX;

            EndCenterY=endY;

        }

       

        //绘制中心线       

        this.drawLine(BeginCenterX,BeginCenterY,EndCenterX,EndCenterY);

       }

      

       this.drawFlowLine = function(beginX,beginY,endX,endY,beginText,endText)

       {

           var TextX;

           var TextY;

          

           this.drawArrowHeadLine(beginX,beginY,endX,endY);

          

           TextX=beginX+20;

           TextY=beginY;

           this.drawString(beginText,TextX,TextY);

       }

 

下面我们来看看效果:

测试代码:

<HTML>

    <HEAD>

        <title>DHTML JavaScript Tooltips</title>

              <script language="javascript" src="./Graphics.js"></script>       

        <script language="javascript">            

 

              var jg = new jsGraphics();

 

              jg.setArrowWidth(4);

              jg.setArrowAngle(20);

              jg.setLineWidth(2);

              jg.setLineColor("Blue");        

              jg.drawFlowLine(10,10,200,200,"Line1");

 

              jg.setLineColor("Red");

              jg.setArrowBegin(false);

              jg.drawFlowLine(110,10,300,200,"Line2","End");

 

              jg.setLineColor("Green");

              jg.setArrowBegin(true);

              jg.setArrowEnd(false);

              jg.drawFlowLine(210,10,400,200,"","Line3");

 

              jg.setArrowEnd(true);

              jg.setArrowAngle(15);

              jg.drawFlowLine(310,10,500,200,"","Line4");

 

              jg.setArrowAngle(30);

              jg.drawFlowLine(410,10,600,200,"","Line5");

             

             

              jg.setLineWidth(10)

              jg.drawFlowLine(410,10,600,200,"","Line5");

 

              jg.setStroke(10)

              jg.drawLine(10,300,400,500);

 

              jg.paint();

        </script>

        <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">       

    </HEAD>

    <body>

    </body>

</HTML>

 

可以看到效果还是很好的,只是有一个问题,因为绘制线的时候,线的宽度内部实现上是用正方形实现的,所有当线宽了之后,会在头尾发现不理想的地方,如图。

 

这位老兄真的满强的,还有其他的类库,

比如:层的东东,可以随便托放,图片可是缩放,隐藏等,new就是被我拖大的哈。

提示栏,呵呵,比我那篇文章里面的功能强多了哈:

还有更强的,在线函数绘制图形,哈哈!

感觉WEB都像CS程序了。

最好的是,这么好的冬冬是free的,GNU

This program is free software;

you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the

GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;

either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,

but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;

without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

See the GNU General Public License

at http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html for more details.

好了,呵呵,快去看看哈!

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