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Use bonnie to Test system IO speed

发表于2004/9/17 15:48:00  1117人阅读

Use bonnie to Test system IO speed

Friday, 2004-09-17 11:33 Eygle
    

 

原文链接:

http://www.eygle.com/unix/Use.Bonnie.To.Test.IO.speed.htm 

Bonnie是一款极小的测试系统IO性能的工具,源代码公开.作者主页:
http://www.textuality.com/bonnie/
你也可以点击这里下载

编译Bonnie极其简单,但是需要你安装了make及gcc (或cc)

 

# make
Options are "make bsd" and "make SysV" - the default is "bsd".
If you get messages about missing functions, try "make SysV."
make Bonnie 
make[1]: Entering directory `/export/home/gqgai/bonnie'
cc -O     Bonnie.c   -o Bonnie
make[1]: Leaving directory `/export/home/gqgai/bonnie'    
                  

其使用手册在:

http://www.textuality.com/bonnie/advice.html

测试IO速度:

1.T3阵列速度测试(raid5)

 

# df -k
Filesystem            kbytes    used   avail capacity  Mounted on
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0    1018382  117711  839569    13%    /
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s6    2055705 1177602  816432    60%    /usr
/proc                      0       0       0     0%    /proc
fd                         0       0       0     0%    /dev/fd
mnttab                     0       0       0     0%    /etc/mnttab
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s1    1448911  772148  618807    56%    /var
swap                 4770120       8 4770112     1%    /var/run
swap                 4958928  188816 4770112     4%    /tmp
/dev/dsk/c5t1d0s0    51634648 35154404 15963898    69%    /data1
/dev/dsk/c5t1d1s1    25816144 21498881 4059102    85%    /data3
/dev/dsk/c5t1d1s0    25816144 14650723 10907260    58%    /data2
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s1    15483618 1074317 14254465     8%    /temp
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s0    7136886 2824586 4240932    40%    /varlink
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s5    8258597 5868224 2307788    72%    /opt
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s7    2053605 1281342  710655    65%    /export/home
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s6    2053605  178151 1813846     9%    /usr/local
# format
Searching for disks...done


AVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS:
       0. c0t0d0 
          /pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@0,0
       1. c0t1d0 
          /pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@1,0
       2. c0t2d0 
          /pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@2,0
       3. c3t0d0 
          /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@0,0
       4. c3t1d0 
          /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@1,0
       5. c3t2d0 
          /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@2,0
       6. c3t3d0 
          /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@3,0
       7. c5t1d0 
          /pci@1f,2000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0/ssd@w50020f23000083a2,0
       8. c5t1d1 
          /pci@1f,2000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0/ssd@w50020f23000083a2,1
Specify disk (enter its number): ^D
# ./Bonnie -d /data1 -s 2046 -m billing-center 
File '/data1/Bonnie.8273', size: 2145386496
Writing with putc()...done
Rewriting...done
Writing intelligently...done
Reading with getc()...done
Reading intelligently...adone
Seeker 2...Seeker 1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done...
              -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random--
              -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---
Machine    MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU  /sec %CPU
billing- 2046 10251 87.5 32430 55.7 14048 39.5 12625 99.5 48763 67.3  61.5  8.3			
		  

简要介绍一下输出:

这里Sequential Output指写入速度,Char指按字符方式写入,Block指按块方式写入,Rewrite指顺序改写速度(也就是数据修改)
Sequential Input指读取速度

CPU,指该操作占用的CPU资源.

此处T3 Raid5的写入达到 10251 K/sec

2.本地磁盘速度

# ./Bonnie -d /opt/oracle -s 1024 -m billing-center
File '/opt/oracle/Bonnie.8545', size: 1073741824
Writing with putc()...done
Rewriting...done
Writing intelligently...done
Reading with getc()...done
Reading intelligently...done
Seeker Seeker 2...1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done...
              -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random--
              -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---
Machine    MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU  /sec %CPU
billing- 1024  9582 85.0 15928 29.8  6900 20.3 11735 96.5 46098 67.2 256.6  8.8

后面会逐渐添加一些其他硬件的测试数据.

3. EMC CLARiiON CX500 测试数据

系统环境:

 
# /usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag -v
System Configuration:  Sun Microsystems  sun4u Sun Fire 480R
System clock frequency: 150 MHz
Memory size: 4096 Megabytes

========================= CPUs ===============================================

          Run   E$    CPU     CPU  
Brd  CPU  MHz   MB   Impl.    Mask 
---  ---  ---  ----  -------  ---- 
 A    0   1050  8.0   US-III+  11.0
 A    2   1050  8.0   US-III+  11.0

========================= Memory Configuration ===============================

          Logical  Logical  Logical
     MC   Bank     Bank     Bank         DIMM    Interleave  Interleaved
Brd  ID   num      size     Status       Size    Factor      with
---  ---  ----     ------   -----------  ------  ----------  -----------
 A    0     0       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    0     1       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    0     2       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    0     3       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    2     0       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    2     1       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    2     2       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0
 A    2     3       512MB   no_status     256MB     8-way        0

========================= IO Cards =========================

                    Bus  Max
 IO  Port Bus       Freq Bus  Dev,
Type  ID  Side Slot MHz  Freq Func State Name                              Model
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----- --------------------------------  ----------------------
PCI   8    B    2    33   33  2,0  ok    SUNW,XVR-100                      SUNW,375-3126         
PCI   8    B    4    33   33  4,0  ok    fibre-channel-pci10df,f900.10df.+                       
PCI   8    B    5    33   33  5,0  ok    fibre-channel-pci10df,f900.10df.+                       
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  1,0  ok    pci-pci8086,b154.0/pci108e,1000   PCI-BRIDGE            
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  0,0  ok    pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1       device on pci-bridge  
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  0,1  ok    SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001             SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  1,0  ok    pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1       device on pci-bridge  
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  1,1  ok    SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001             SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  2,0  ok    pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1       device on pci-bridge  
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  2,1  ok    SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001             SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  3,0  ok    pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1       device on pci-bridge  
PCI   8    A    0    66   66  3,1  ok    SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001             SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+

=========================  Environmental Status =========================

System Temperatures (Celsius):
-------------------------------
Device          Temperature     Status
---------------------------------------
CPU0             50             OK
CPU2             52             OK
DBP0             28             OK

=================================

Front Status Panel:
-------------------
Keyswitch position: NORMAL

System LED Status:

  LOCATOR   FAULT    POWER
  -------  -------  -------
   [OFF]    [OFF]    [ ON]

=================================

Disk Status:
------------
DISK 0: [NO_FAULT]
DISK 1: [NO_FAULT]

=================================

Fan Status:
-----------

Bank             RPM    Status
----            -----   ------
CPU0             5660   [NO_FAULT]
CPU1             3896   [NO_FAULT]
CPU2             3797   [NO_FAULT]
IO0              3947   [NO_FAULT]
IO1              4166   [NO_FAULT]

=================================



Power Supplies:
---------------
Supply   Status
------   ------
PS0      [NO_FAULT]
PS1      [NO_FAULT]

=================================


========================= HW Revisions =======================================

System PROM revisions:
----------------------
OBP 4.10.8 2003/07/25 08:44

IO ASIC revisions:
------------------
         Port
Model     ID  Status Version
-------- ---- ------ -------
Schizo    8     ok      7   
Schizo    9     ok      7   

阵列为CLARiiON CX500,以下分别是4块盘的Raid1+0及Raid5的测试数据:

Raid1+0测试

 

# ./Bonnie -d /eygle -s 2046 -m jump
File '/eygle/Bonnie.460', size: 2145386496
Writing with putc()...done
Rewriting...done
Writing intelligently...done
Reading with getc()...done
Reading intelligently...done
Seeker Seeker 2...1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done...
              -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random--
              -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---
Machine    MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU  /sec %CPU
jump     2046 37438 88.8 111172 63.8 75940 90.0 43495 99.7 322153 99.9 17747.8 177.5

                

这里EMC CX500的速度达到了,37438K/sec,比T3的性能强了很多

下面是Raid5的测试数据:

 
# ./Bonnie -d /eygle -s 2046 -m jump
File '/eygle/Bonnie.473', size: 2145386496
Writing with putc()...done
Rewriting...done
Writing intelligently...done
Reading with getc()...done
Reading intelligently...done
Seeker Seeker 2...1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done...
              -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random--
              -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---
Machine    MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU  /sec %CPU
jump     2046 40652 95.5 106768 56.1 75673 90.9 43356 99.4 314381 99.8 17347.3 160.5


 

Raid5这里的字符写速度达到了40652K/sec,较Raid1+0稍快,而Block方式写Raid1+0较Raid5稍快.

实际上EMC一直强调其Raid5读写性能较Raid1+0相差无几.

 

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