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context-param和init-param区别

发表于2008/10/2 0:22:00  693人阅读

web.xml里面可以定义两种参数:
(1)application范围内的参数,存放在servletcontext中,在web.xml中配置如下:

<context-param>
           <param-name>context/param</param-name>
           <param-value>avalible during application</param-value>
</context-param>
(2)servlet范围内的参数,只能在servlet的init()方法中取得,在web.xml中配置如下:

<servlet>
    <servlet-name>MainServlet</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>com.wes.controller.MainServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
       <param-name>param1</param-name>
       <param-value>avalible in servlet init()</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>0</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
在servlet中可以通过代码分别取用:

package com.wes.controller;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;

public class MainServlet extends HttpServlet ...{

    public MainServlet() ...{
        super();
     }
    public void init() throws ServletException ...{
         System.out.println("下面的两个参数param1是在servlet中存放的");
         System.out.println(this.getInitParameter("param1"));
         System.out.println("下面的参数是存放在servletcontext中的");
         System.out.println(getServletContext().getInitParameter("context/param"));
      }
}

第一种参数在servlet里面可以通过getServletContext().getInitParameter("context/param")得到
第二种参数只能在servlet的init()方法中通过this.getInitParameter("param1")取得

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