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一个经典的JAVA APPLET程序(二)

发表于2005/1/1 0:04:00  1818人阅读

接着上面的部分,下面是APPLET主程序部分:

public class MyClock extends Applet implements Runnable
{
    static final int BACKGROUND=0;              //背景图片的序号,供数组使用
    static final int LOGO=1;                    //LOGO图片的序号,供数组使用
    static final String JAVEX="bear";          //表盘上显示的文字
    static final double MINSEC=0.104719755;     //分针和秒针在表盘上的刻度(60个)间的弧度
    static final double HOUR=0.523598776;       //时针在表盘上的刻度(24个)间的弧度

    Thread clockThread = null; //使用多线程机制,用另一个线程不断显示图片

    //提供的默认参数,如果HTML文件里面没有给参数就使用
    int width = 100;
    int height = 100;
    Color bgColor = new Color(0,0,0);
    Color faceColor = new Color(0,0,0);
    Color sweepColor = new Color(255,0,0);
    Color minuteColor = new Color (192,192,192);
    Color hourColor = new Color (255,255,255);
    Color textColor = new Color (255,255,255);
    Color caseColor = new Color (0,0,0);
    Color trimColor = new Color (192,192,192);
    String logoString=null;

    Image images[] = new Image[2]; //背景和LOGO的图片

    boolean isPainted=false; //如果第一次载入时绘制背景及表盘,其他时候重绘则只绘制指针

    //时钟圆心的位置
    int x1,y1;

    //最上面那个三角形的刻度图形的坐标
    int xPoints[]=new int[3], yPoints[]=new int[3];

    //保存当前时间,转换成(double)(hours + minutes/60)
    Hms cur_time;

    //秒针、分针、时针
    SweepHand sweep;
    HmHand  minuteHand,
            hourHand;

    //用于绘制的时、分、秒
    double lastHour;
    int lastMinute,lastSecond;

    //显示日期和表盘上的字母的字体
    Font font;

    //图片显示使用了缓冲机制,offScrImage和offScrGC存放缓冲区内图片的信息
    Image offScrImage;
    Graphics offScrGC;

    //用于测试背景图片和LOGO图片
    MediaTracker tracker;


    int minDimension;   // 如果背景区域不是正方形的话,保证时钟在中间显示
    int originX;        // 时钟图形所在正方形区域的左上角X坐标
    int originY;        // 时钟图形所在正方形区域的左上角Y坐标

    double tzDifference=0;  //时区间的差,向西为负数,向东为正数

    boolean localOnly=false; //是否只使用本地时间,如果为FALSE则可以根据传入的时区显示该时区时间


    //保存参数的类型说明
    public String[][] getParameterInfo()
    {
        String[][] info = {
            {"width",       "int",      "APPLET的长度,以象素为单位"},
            {"height",      "int",      "APPLET的宽度,以象素为单位"},
            {"bgColor",     "string",   "背景颜色,e.g FF0000"},
            {"faceColor",   "string",   "表盘颜色"},
            {"sweepColor",  "string",   "秒针颜色"},
            {"minuteColor", "string",   "分针颜色"},
            {"hourColor",   "string",   "时针颜色"},
            {"textColor",   "string",   "文本颜色"},
            {"caseColor",   "string",   "框内颜色"},
            {"trimColor",   "string",   "空白区颜色"},
            {"bgImageURL",  "string",   "背景图片地址"},
            {"logoString",  "string",   "LOGO字符"},
            {"logoImageURL","string",   "LOGO图片地址"},
            {"timezone",    "real",     "时区间的差"},
            {"localonly",   "int",      "是否考虑到时区差别"}
        };
        return info;
    }

    //显示信息
    public String getAppletInfo()
    {
        return "版权所有,COPY必究,保护正版,人人有责";
    }

    void showURLerror(Exception e) 
    {
        String errorMsg = "URL错误:"+e;
        showStatus(errorMsg);
        System.err.println(errorMsg);
    }

    //相当于把时钟变成100×100的大小,percent即相对坐标
    private int size(int percent)
    {
        return (int)((double)percent/100.0 * (double)minDimension);
    }

    public void init()
    {
        URL imagesURL[] = new URL[2];
        String szImagesURL[] = new String[2];
        tracker = new MediaTracker(this);
       
        //得到HTML页面提供的参数,并把它转换相应的格式
        String paramString    = getParameter( "WIDTH"  );
        if( paramString != null )
            width = Integer.valueOf(paramString).intValue();

        paramString   = getParameter( "HEIGHT" );
        if( paramString != null )
            height = Integer.valueOf(paramString).intValue();

       paramString   = getParameter( "TIMEZONE" );
        if( paramString != null )
            tzDifference = Double.valueOf(paramString).doubleValue();

       paramString  =   getParameter( "LOCALONLY" );
        if( paramString != null && Integer.valueOf(paramString).intValue() != 0){
                localOnly=true;
                tzDifference=0.;
        }

        paramString    = getParameter( "BGCOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            bgColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "FACECOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            faceColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "SWEEPCOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            sweepColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "MINUTECOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            minuteColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "HOURCOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            hourColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "TEXTCOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            textColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "CASECOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            caseColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        paramString    = getParameter( "TRIMCOLOR");
        if( paramString != null )
            trimColor=parseColorString(paramString);

        logoString  = getParameter( "LOGOSTRING");
        if( logoString == null )
            logoString=JAVEX;
        else if(logoString.length() > 8)
            logoString= logoString.substring(0,8); //限制8个字母,否则显示不下!

        //szImagesURL数组根据HTML传入参数存放图片的文件名
        szImagesURL[BACKGROUND]  = getParameter("BGIMAGEURL");
        szImagesURL[LOGO] = getParameter("LOGOIMAGEURL");

        //测试图片
        for(int i=0; i<2; i++){
            if(szImagesURL[i] != null){
             //根据CodeBase参数与Image文件名得到image的路径,测试是否存在,如果不存在就不用图片
                try{
                    imagesURL[i]=new URL(getCodeBase(),szImagesURL[i]); 
                } catch (MalformedURLException e)
                    {
                        showURLerror(e);
                        imagesURL[i]=null;
                        images[i]=null;
                    }
                if(imagesURL[i] != null){
                    showStatus("加载图片: " + imagesURL[i].toString());
                    images[i]=getImage(imagesURL[i]);
                    if(images[i] != null)
                        tracker.addImage(images[i],i);
                    showStatus("");
                }
                try{
                    tracker.waitForAll(i);
                }catch (InterruptedException e){}
            }
            else images[i]=null;
        }

        //得到相应时区的时间
        cur_time=(localOnly)? new Hms() : new Hms(tzDifference);
        lastHour=-1.0;
        lastMinute=-1;
        lastSecond=-1;

        x1=width/2;
        y1=height/2;

        //换算出圆形时钟在背景里的左上角坐标
        minDimension= Math.min(width, height);
        originX=(width-minDimension)/2;
        originY=(height-minDimension)/2;

        //计算出上面三角形的三个点的坐标
        xPoints[1]=x1-size(3); xPoints[2]=x1+size(3); xPoints[0]=x1;
        yPoints[1]=y1-size(38);yPoints[2]=y1-size(38); yPoints[0]=y1-size(27);

        //计算出秒针、分针、时针图形的各个点坐标
        sweep=new SweepHand(x1,y1,size(40),3);
        minuteHand=new HmHand(x1,y1,size(40),size(6),6);
        hourHand=new HmHand(x1,y1,size(25),size(8),6);

        //构造字体
        font=new Font("TXT",Font.BOLD,size(10));

        //构造缓冲区内图形
        offScrImage = createImage(width,height);
        offScrGC = offScrImage.getGraphics();

        System.out.println(getAppletInfo());
    }

    public void start() //开始启动显示线程
    {
        if(clockThread == null){
            clockThread = new Thread(this);
        }
        clockThread.start();       
    }

    public void stop() //停止显示
    {
        clockThread = null;
    }

    private void drawHands(Graphics g)
    {

        double angle;
        int i,j;
        int x,y;

        angle=MINSEC * lastSecond; //根据lastSecond算出秒针相对于12点刻度的角度
        sweep.draw(faceColor, angle, g);//画出秒针

        //如果时与分改变则重绘时针分针
        if(cur_time.getMinutes() != lastMinute){
            minuteHand.draw(faceColor,MINSEC*lastMinute,g);
            if(cur_time.get_hours() != lastHour)
                hourHand.draw(faceColor,HOUR*lastHour,g);
        }

        g.setColor(textColor);
        g.fillRect(originX+size(12),y1-size(2),size(10),size(4)); //绘制左侧横条
        g.fillRect(x1-size(2),originY + minDimension-size(22),size(4),size(10)); //绘制下面的横条
        g.fillPolygon( xPoints, yPoints, 3); //绘制顶部的三角形
        for(i=1;i<12;i+=3) //在表盘的2、3、5、6、8、9、11时针刻度区绘制圆
            for(j=i;j<i+2;j++){
                x=(int)(x1+Math.sin(HOUR*j)*size(35));
                y=(int)(y1-Math.cos(HOUR*j)*size(35));
                g.fillOval(x-size(3),y-size(3),size(6),size(6));
            }

        //设置字体
        g.setFont(font);
        FontMetrics fm=g.getFontMetrics();

        //画顶部的LOGO字符串
        g.drawString(logoString,x1-fm.stringWidth(logoString)/2,y1-size(12));

        //得到日期
        String day=Integer.toString(cur_time.getDate(),10);

        //将日期绘制在表盘右侧
        g.drawString(   day,
                        originX + minDimension-size(14)-fm.stringWidth(day),
                        y1+size(5));

        //外面画上框子
        g.drawRect( originX + minDimension-size(14)-fm.stringWidth(day)-size(2),
                    y1-size(5)-size(2),
                    fm.stringWidth(day)+size(4),
                    size(10)+size(4));

        if(images[LOGO] != null){ //如果LOGO图片存在,在底部画出来
            x = originX + (minDimension-images[LOGO].getWidth(this))/2;
            y = y1 + (minDimension/2 - size(22) - images[LOGO].getHeight(this))/2;
            if(x > 0 && y > 0)
                offScrGC.drawImage(images[LOGO], x, y, this);
        }

        lastHour=cur_time.get_hours();
        hourHand.draw(hourColor,HOUR*lastHour,g); //画时针

        lastMinute=cur_time.getMinutes();
        minuteHand.draw(minuteColor,MINSEC*lastMinute,g); //画分针

        g.setColor(minuteColor); //绘制分针尾部的圆形
        g.fillOval(x1-size(4),y1-size(4),size(8),size(8));
        g.setColor(sweepColor); //绘制秒针尾部的圆形
        g.fillOval(x1-size(3),y1-size(3),size(6),size(6));

        lastSecond=cur_time.getSeconds(); //得到新的秒数,重画
        angle=MINSEC*lastSecond;
        sweep.draw(sweepColor, angle,g);

        g.setColor(trimColor);
        g.fillOval(x1-size(1),y1-size(1),size(2),size(2)); //秒针尾部圆心部分应该是螺丝,挖空处理^_^
    }

    private Color parseColorString(String colorString) //参数传入为字符串形(规定为16进制6位字符串)
    {
        if(colorString.length()==6){
            int R = Integer.valueOf(colorString.substring(0,2),16).intValue(); //前两位为R值
            int G = Integer.valueOf(colorString.substring(2,4),16).intValue(); //中间为G值
            int B = Integer.valueOf(colorString.substring(4,6),16).intValue(); //最后为B值
            return new Color(R,G,B); //得到COLOR
        }
        else return Color.lightGray; //字符串不符合规范,默认为灰色
    }

    public void run()
    {
        repaint(); //每次启动时首先重绘一次
        //每隔500ms获得现在时间并重绘一次
        while(null != clockThread){
            cur_time= (localOnly)? new Hms() :new Hms(tzDifference);
            repaint();

            try{
                Thread.sleep(500);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {}
        }
    }

    public void paint(Graphics g) //首先绘制缓冲区内图片,再显示出来
    {
        int i,x0,y0,x2,y2;

        //如果没有提供背景图片,则用bgColor绘制背景
        if(images[BACKGROUND] == null){
            offScrGC.setColor(bgColor);
            offScrGC.fillRect(0,0,width,height);
        }
        else //否则直接使用背景图片
            offScrGC.drawImage(images[BACKGROUND], 0, 0, this);

        //绘制外框到表盘间的部分
        offScrGC.setColor(caseColor); 

        //将园形的范围适量缩减(不充满整个区域),防止有些地方被截取
        offScrGC.fillOval(  originX+1,
                            originY+1,
                            minDimension-2,
                            minDimension-2);

        //绘制表盘
        offScrGC.setColor(faceColor);
        offScrGC.fillOval(  originX + size(5),
                            originY + size(5),
                            minDimension - size(10),
                            minDimension - size(10));

        //绘制外框线
        offScrGC.setColor(trimColor);
        offScrGC.drawOval(  originX+1,
                            originY+1,
                            minDimension-2,
                            minDimension-2);

        //绘制内框线
        offScrGC.drawOval(  originX + size(5),
                            originY + size(5),
                            minDimension - size(10),
                            minDimension - size(10));

        offScrGC.setColor(textColor);

        //画刻度,一共有60个刻度,x0、y0为刻度起始的位置,x1、y1圆心位置,x2、y2为刻度终止位置(x0<x2,y0<y2)
        for(i=0;i<60;i++){
            if(i==0 || (i>=5 && i%5 == 0)){ //每5格绘制一条长线(相对圆心)
                x0=(int)(x1+size(40)*Math.sin(MINSEC*i));
                y0=(int)(y1+size(40)*Math.cos(MINSEC*i));
            }
            else{ //其他部分绘制短线
                x0=(int)(x1+size(42)*Math.sin(MINSEC*i));
                y0=(int)(y1+size(42)*Math.cos(MINSEC*i));
            }
            x2=(int)(x1+size(44)*Math.sin(MINSEC*i));
            y2=(int)(y1+size(44)*Math.cos(MINSEC*i));
            offScrGC.drawLine(x0,y0,x2,y2);
        }

        drawHands(offScrGC); //绘制指针
        g.drawImage(offScrImage,0,0,this); //把生成的缓冲区图形绘制到页面上

        isPainted=true; //使下次UPDATE时不绘制表盘
    }

    public synchronized void update(Graphics g)
    {
        if(!isPainted)  //绘制表盘
            paint(g);
        else{    //已经绘制了表盘,只用绘制指针,首先在缓冲区内绘制,然后显示出来
            drawHands(offScrGC);
            g.drawImage(offScrImage,0,0,this);
        }
    }
}

一个测试用的HTML的例子:

<HTML>
<TITLE>我的时钟程序</TITLE>
<BODY>
<h2>显示东8区的时间</h2>
<p>
<applet code="MyClock.class" width="300" height="300">
  <param name="BGCOLOR" value="FFFFFF">
  <param name="FACECOLOR" value="FFFFFF">
  <param name="SWEEPCOLOR" value="FF0000">
  <param name="MINUTECOLOR" value="008080">
  <param name="HOURCOLOR" value="000080">
  <param name="TEXTCOLOR" value="000000">
  <param name="CASECOLOR" value="000080">
  <param name="TRIMCOLOR" value="C0C0C0">
  <param name="LOGOIMAGEURL" value="java.gif">
  <param name="TIMEZONE" value="8">
</p>
</BODY>
</HTML>

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