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数据结构与算法(C#实现)系列---AVLTree(一)

发表于2004/2/13 11:21:00  1161人阅读

           数据结构与算法(C#实现)系列---AVLTree(一)

using System;

using System.Collections;

 

namespace DataStructure

{

     /// <summary>

     /// AVLTree 的摘要说明。-----平衡二叉查找树

     /// </summary>

     public class AVLTree:BST

     {

         protected int height;//空树的高定义为-1;

         //构造一棵空的二叉查找树

         public AVLTree():base()

         {

              //

              // TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑

              //

              height=-1;

         }

         public AVLTree(object _obj):base(_obj)

         {

              height=0;

         }

         //------------------------------------------------------------------

         protected override object GetEmptyInstance(uint _degree)

         {    return new AVLTree(); }

         //------------------------------------------------------------------

 

         protected int BalanceFactor()

         {

              if (this.IsEmpty() )

                   return 0;

              return ((AVLTree)this.Left).height-((AVLTree)this.Right).height;

         }

         //调整高度

         protected void AdjustHeight(){   this.height=Math.Max( ((AVLTree)this.Left).height, ((AVLTree)this.Right).height)+1;     }

         //平衡时的四种旋转方式

         protected void LLRotation()

         {

              if( this.IsEmpty() )

                   throw new Exception("My:invalid operation!");

              AVLTree avlB=new AVLTree(this.key);

                            avlB.AttachSubtree(1,(AVLTree)this[0][1]);

              avlB.AttachSubtree(2,(AVLTree)this[1]);

 

             

              this.key=this[0].Key;

              this[0]=this[0][0];

              this[1]=avlB;

              //调整两个节点的高度

              ((AVLTree)this.Right).AdjustHeight();

              this.AdjustHeight();

         }

         protected void LRRotation()

         {

              if( this.IsEmpty() )

                   throw new Exception("My:invalid operation!");

              ((AVLTree)this.Left).RRRotation();

              this.LLRotation();

 

         }

         protected void RRRotation()

         {

              if( this.IsEmpty() )

                   throw new Exception("My:invalid operation!");

              AVLTree avlB=new AVLTree(this.key);

             

 

              avlB.AttachSubtree(1,(AVLTree)this[0]);

              avlB.AttachSubtree(2,(AVLTree)this[1][0]);

 

              //avlA.AttachSubtree(1,avlB);

             

              //this=avlA;

              this.key=this[1].Key;

              this[0]=avlB;

              this[1]=this[1][1];

              //调整两个节点的高度

              ((AVLTree)this.Left).AdjustHeight();

              this.AdjustHeight();

         }

         protected void RLRotation()

         {

              if( this.IsEmpty() )

                   throw new Exception("My:invalid operation!");

              ((AVLTree)this.Right).LLRotation();

              this.RRRotation();

         }

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