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Linux 常用命令汇编(一)

发表于2004/10/17 19:28:00  1003人阅读

1.man
对于那些不确定其用法的命令(比如是:ls),我们可以首先使用man命令来了解
使用格式:man ls
可以使用空格键翻页,或者使用上、下箭头键上下翻页,要退出,则输入 q或 CTRL-Z。
2.find
如果您知道文件的名称、或者甚至名称的一部分,但不知道它所处的目录,可以使用find命令。比如你要找文件file,
命令格式:find  / -name 'file'
3.ln
用于在文件之间建立链接
命令格式: ln [OPTION]... TARGET [LINK_NAME]
常用的[OPTION]:-s, --symbolic make symbolic links instead of hard links
执行这个命令之后,[LINK_NAME]-->TARGET,二者建立了链接关系,所有指向[LINK_NAME]的动作都会重新指向TARGET.
4.tar
tar是个归档命令,通过使用适当的选项可以压缩/解压缩文件.常见的如:
解压缩.gz文件: tar -zxf ZipFileName.tar.gz
解压缩.bz2文件: tar -jxf ZipFileName.tar.bz2
5.yum
#following from man page
NAME
       yum - Yellowdog Updater Modified

SYNOPSIS
       yum [options] [command] [package ...]

DESCRIPTION
       yum  is  an interactive, automated update program which can be used for
       maintaining systems using rpm

       command is one of:
        * install package1 [package2] [...]
        * update [package1] [package2] [...]
        * check-update
        * upgrade [package1] [package2] [...]
        * remove | erase package1 [package2] [...]
        * list [...]
        * info [...]
        * provides | whatprovides feature1 [feature2] [...]
        * clean [ packages | headers | metadata | cache | dbcache | all ]
        * makecache
        * groupinstall group1 [group2] [...]
        * groupupdate group1 [group2] [...]
        * grouplist
        * groupremove group1 [group2] [...]
        * groupinfo group1 [...]
        * search string1 [string2] [...]
        * generate-rss [updates]

       Unless the --help or -h option is given, one of the above commands must
       be present.
6.
uname
检查你使用的内核版本
    -a, --all
              print all information, in the following order:
       -s, --kernel-name
              print the kernel name
       -n, --nodename
              print the network node hostname
       -r, --kernel-release
              print the kernel release
       -v, --kernel-version
              print the kernel version
       -m, --machine
              print the machine hardware name
       -p, --processor
              print the processor type
       -i, --hardware-platform
              print the hardware platform
       -o, --operating-system
              print the operating system
       --help display this help and exit
       --version
              output version information and exit

参考资料:
Linux 文件命令精通指南(上) 
Linux 系统命令精通指南(下)
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