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集成与构建指南(5)

发表于2004/3/1 10:10:00  844人阅读

1.1         CruiseControl执行脚本

持续集成的过程由缺省文件名为config.xml的配置文件来定义。config.xml中确定了构建周期间隔,以及检测配置库状态、调用Ant配置文件进行构建等步骤的内容。为了实现自动化持续集成,还应编制Ant封装(wrapper)配置文件,它在调用原始Ant构建脚本(相当于将原始Ant脚本封装在内)的基础上,添加用于持续集成的更新源码目录等步骤。

1.1.1          CruiseControl项目配置文件

CruiseControl项目配置文件描述了一个集成项目(project),它由引导段(bootstrappers)、检测修改集段(modificationset)、调度段(schedule)、日志记录段(log)、发布段(publishers)、插件定义段(plugin)组成。引导段用来设置持续集成流程开始执行时相关的初始化任务,例如更新源码管理中的指定文件;检测修改集段则指定了需要检测的已置于配置管理下的目标源码,以便在检测到有源码更新后启动后续的构建步骤,例如clearcase中的某分支下、某视图中的一个目录;调度段是持续集成流程的核心部分,在此确定了构建周期间隔、休眠时段,并描述了构建的目标,目标通常指向一个Ant封装配置文件;日志记录段指定了将向发布步骤提供数据的各项日志记录;发布段则设置了对构建结果进行发布和通知的内容,例如指定报告的E-mail地址等;插件定义段用来指定CruiseControl各项功能实现对应的插件类

1.1.2       CruiseControl配置文件示例

下面是一个CruiseControl项目的配置文件示例:

 

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<cruisecontrol>

         <project name="peripheral_api_project">

                   <bootstrappers>

                            <currentbuildstatusbootstrapper file="currentbuild.txt"/>

                   </bootstrappers>

                   <modificationset quietperiod="30">

                           <clearcase branch="PCHL_V1_Dev" recursive="true"

                                    viewpath="d:/Shared_Views/PCHL_V1_Dev/PCHL_Components/protocols_api/peripheral"/>

                   </modificationset>

                   <schedule interval="60">

                            <ant buildfile="proj.xml" target="cleanbuild" multiple="5"/>

                            <ant buildfile="proj.xml" target="masterbuild" multiple="1"/>

                            <pause starttime="1900" endtime="2359"/>

                            <pause starttime="0000" endtime="0659"/>

                            <pause day="saturday" starttime="0000" endtime="2359"/>

                            <pause day="sunday" starttime="0000" endtime="2359"/>

                   </schedule>

                   <log dir="logs/peripheral_api_project" encoding="ISO-8859-1">

                            <merge dir="d:/Shared_Views/PCHL_V1_Dev/PCHL_Components/protocols_api/peripheral/bin/test-results"/>

                   </log>

                   <publishers>

                            <currentbuildstatuspublisher file="currentbuild.txt"/>

                            <email mailhost="sysway.com" returnaddress="xghu@sysway.com" defaultsuffix=""

                                     buildresultsurl="http://pchl1-tstn:8080/cruisecontrol/buildresults" logdir="logs/peripheral_api_project"

                                     css="C:/Development_Tools/Building-Utils/cruisecontrol-2.1.5/reporting/jsp/css/cruisecontrol.css"

                                     xsldir="C:/Development_Tools/Building-Utils/cruisecontrol-2.1.5/reporting/jsp/xsl">

                                     <always address="xghu@sysway.com"/>

                                     <failure address="xghu@sysway.com"/>

                                     <map alias="huxg" address="xghu@sysway.com"/>

                            </email>

                   </publishers>

                   <plugin name="currentbuildstatusbootstrapper"

                            classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.bootstrappers.CurrentBuildStatusBootstrapper"/>

                   <plugin name="clearcasebootstrapper"

                            classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.bootstrappers.ClearCaseBootstrapper"/>

                   <plugin name="clearcase" classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.sourcecontrols.ClearCase"/>

                   <plugin name="ant"

                           classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.builders.AntBuilder"/>

                   <plugin name="pause"

                            classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.PauseBuilder"/>

                   <plugin name="email"

                            classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.publishers.HTMLEmailPublisher"/>

                   <plugin name="currentbuildstatuspublisher"

                            classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.publishers.CurrentBuildStatusPublisher"/>

                   <plugin name="labelincrementer"

                            classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.labelincrementers.DefaultLabelIncrementer"/>

         </project>

</cruisecontrol>

 

1.1.3       Ant封装(wrapper)配置文件示例

下面是一个Ant封装(wrapper)配置文件示例:

 

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<project name="peripheral_api_cc" default="masterbuild">

         <property file="proj.properties"></property>

         <property name="proj.dir" location="${proj.path}"/>

         <target name="update" description="Update packages from ClearCase">

                   <ccupdate log="clearcase.log" overwrite="true" viewpath="${proj.dir}"/>

         </target>

         <target name="clean" description="Clean all build products">

                   <ant dir="${proj.dir}/build" target="CleanAll"/>

         </target>

         <target name="build">

                   <ant dir="${proj.dir}/build" target="AutoBuild"/>

         </target>

         <target name="rununittests" depends="build">

                   <ant dir="${proj.dir}/build" target="Test"/>

         </target>

         <target name="smoketest" depends="build">

         </target>

         <target name="masterbuild" depends="update,rununittests,smoketest"

                   description="Cruise control master build"/>

         <target name="cleanbuild" depends="clean,masterbuild"

                   description="Cruise control clean build"/>

</project>

 

注意本Ant项目配置文件中主要添加了update目标,用来将proj.properties文件中定义的 proj.path=d:/Shared_Views/PCHL_V1_Dev/PCHL_Components/protocols_api/peripheral目录下的所有内容进行更新。

1.1.4       cruisecontrol执行示例

cruisecontrol在命令行下执行的示例:

 

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