CSDN博客

img hzw21st

redhat linux下配置rsh和rcp

发表于2008/9/28 10:26:00  5816人阅读

 

1首先确认机器是否安装rsh:

[oracle@linux ~]$ rpm -aq |grep rsh

rsh-0.17-25.4

rsh-server-0.17-25.4

 

如果没有安装以上两个包,请找到相关软件安装(如果是LINUX,可以从安装碟中找到)

安装包:

rpm -ivh rsh-0.17-5 (linux 操作系统)

rpm -ivh rsh-server-0.17-5 (linux 操作系统)

 

2: 修改/etc/xinetd.d/rsh脚本文件

no

[root@linux ~]# vi /etc/xinetd.d/rsh

rsh 属于xinetd服务,修改/etc/xinetd.d/rsh脚本文件文件中的选项

disable 设置为no

# default: on

# description: The rshd server is the server for the rcmd(3) routine and, /

#       consequently, for the rsh(1) program.  The server provides /

#       remote execution facilities with authentication based on /

#       privileged port numbers from trusted hosts.

service shell

{

        socket_type             = stream

        wait                    = no

        user                    = root

        log_on_success          += USERID

        log_on_failure          += USERID

        server                  = /usr/sbin/in.rshd

#       disable                 = yes

        disable                 = no

}

 

3.重启rsh服务

[root@linux ~]# service xinetd restart

Stopping xinetd: [  OK  ]

Starting xinetd: [  OK  ]

4. 检查是否启动: rsh server 监听和TCP 514

[root@linux ~]# netstat -an |grep 514

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:514                 0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      

unix  3      [ ]         STREAM     CONNECTED     44514

 

5:配置rsh server

修改/etc/securetty文件: echo rsh >>/etc/securetty

如果打算用root作为rsh用户的话:

先用root登录到机器A中进行以下操作:

[root@linux ~]#  echo "192.168.7.10 root" >>.rhosts   //允许192.168.0.10 root访问

[root@linux ~]#  echo "192.168.7.15 root" >>.rhosts     

重启rsh server.

 

.rhosts一般位于 rsh server服务器相对应账号目录下比如root(.bash_profile在同一目录)

查看是否配置成功:

[root@linux ~]# more .rhosts

192.168.7.10 root

192.168.7.15 root

 

6:配置vi /etc/hosts,加入对方的IP和机器名(hostname)。机器名可以参考127.0.0.1一行。

[root@linux ~]# vi /etc/hosts

 

# Do not remove the following line, or various programs

# that require network functionality will fail.

127.0.0.1               linux localhost.localdomain localhost

192.168.7.15            linux         #本机ip及机器名

192.168.7.10            hlht          #远程服务器ip及机器名

 

7:配置vi /etc/hosts.equiv

[root@linux ~]# vi /etc/hosts.equiv

 

127.0.0.1 localhost

192.168.7.10 hlht

192.168.7.15 linux

 

8:到/etc/pam.d/目录下,把rsh文件中的auth  required  pam_securetty.so一行用“#”封掉即可(注意修改红色字体一行:加#)

[root@hlht ~]# cd /etc/pam.d

[root@hlht pam.d]# vi rsh

 

#%PAM-1.0

# For root login to succeed here with pam_securetty, "rsh" must be

# listed in /etc/securetty.

auth       required     pam_nologin.so

#auth       required    pam_securetty.so

auth       required     pam_env.so

auth       required     pam_rhosts_auth.so

account    required     pam_stack.so service=system-auth

session    required     pam_stack.so service=system-auth

 

9:重启rsh server.

[root@linux ~]# service xinetd restart

Stopping xinetd: [  OK  ]

Starting xinetd: [  OK  ]

 

10:测试和注意的问题:

登录到192.168.7.10机器进行测试

看是否能看到结果。如果看到

[oracle@linux ~]$ rsh -l oracle 192.168.7.10 ps -ef

connect to address 192.168.7.10: Connection refused

Trying krb4 rsh...

connect to address 192.168.7.10: Connection refused

trying normal rsh (/usr/bin/rsh)

Permission denied.

这是由于权权限问题,一般是由于 .rhosts没有配置正确。.rhosts一般位于

rsh server服务器相对应账号目录下比如root(.bash_profile在同一目录)

 

如果看到

[root@linux pam.d]# rsh -l root 192.168.7.10 env|grep PATH

connect to address 192.168.7.10: Connection refused

Trying krb4 rsh...

connect to address 192.168.7.10: Connection refused

trying normal rsh (/usr/bin/rsh)

PATH=/usr/kerberos/sbin:/usr/kerberos/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

 

表示rsh配置成功,可以使用rcp进行远程拷贝。

 

11.RCP 远程目录拷贝

[root@hlht run]# rcp -r source  linux:/opt/oracle/yljs      

//linux为刚才配置的192.168.7.15服务器名

connect to address 192.168.7.15: Connection refused

Trying krb4 rcp...

connect to address 192.168.7.15: Connection refused

trying normal rcp (/usr/bin/rcp)

[root@hlht run]#

0 0

相关博文

我的热门文章

img
取 消
img