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用C#操纵IIS(代码)

发表于2004/9/28 20:57:00  2395人阅读

using System;

using System.DirectoryServices;

using System.Collections;

using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

using System.Text;

 

/**

 * @author 吴海燕

 * @email  wuhy80-usual@yahoo.com

 * 2004-6-25 第一版

 */

namespace Wuhy.ToolBox

{

     /// <summary>

     ///  这个类是静态类。用来实现管理IIS的基本操作。

     ///  管理IIS有两种方式,一是ADSI,一是WMI。由于系统限制的原因,只好选择使用ADSI实现功能。

     ///  这是一个遗憾。只有等到只有使用IIS 6的时候,才有可能使用WMI来管理系统

     ///  不过有一个问题就是,我现在也觉得这样的一个方法在本地执行会比较的好。最好不要远程执行。

     ///  因为那样需要占用相当数量的带宽,即使要远程执行,也是推荐在同一个网段里面执行

     /// </summary>

     public class IISAdminLib

     {

          #region UserName,Password,HostName的定义

         public static string HostName

         {

              get

              {

                   return hostName;

              }

              set

              {

                   hostName = value;

              }

         }

 

         public static string UserName

         {

              get

              {

                   return userName;

              }

              set

              {

                   userName = value;

              }

         }

 

         public static string Password

         {

              get

              {

                   return password;

              }

              set

              {

                   if(UserName.Length <= 1)

                   {

                       throw new ArgumentException("还没有指定好用户名。请先指定用户名");

                   }

 

                   password = value;

              }

         }

 

         public static void RemoteConfig(string hostName, string userName, string password)

         {

              HostName = hostName;

              UserName = userName;

              Password = password;

         }

 

          private static string hostName = "localhost";

          private static string userName;

          private static string password;

          #endregion

 

          #region 根据路径构造Entry的方法

         /// <summary>

         ///  根据是否有用户名来判断是否是远程服务器。

         ///  然后再构造出不同的DirectoryEntry出来

         /// </summary>

         /// <param name="entPath">DirectoryEntry的路径</param>

         /// <returns>返回的是DirectoryEntry实例</returns>

         public static DirectoryEntry GetDirectoryEntry(string entPath)

         {

              DirectoryEntry ent;

 

              if(UserName == null)

              {

                   ent = new DirectoryEntry(entPath);

              }

              else

              {

                   //    ent = new DirectoryEntry(entPath, HostName+"//"+UserName, Password, AuthenticationTypes.Secure);

                   ent = new DirectoryEntry(entPath, UserName, Password, AuthenticationTypes.Secure);

              }

 

              return ent;

         }

          #endregion

 

          #region 添加,删除网站的方法

         /// <summary>

         ///  创建一个新的网站。根据传过来的信息进行配置

         /// </summary>

         /// <param name="siteInfo">存储的是新网站的信息</param>

         public static void CreateNewWebSite(NewWebSiteInfo siteInfo)

         {

              if(! EnsureNewSiteEnavaible(siteInfo.BindString))

              {

                   throw new DuplicatedWebSiteException("已经有了这样的网站了。" + Environment.NewLine + siteInfo.BindString);

              }

 

              string entPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc", HostName);

              DirectoryEntry rootEntry = GetDirectoryEntry(entPath);

 

              string newSiteNum = GetNewWebSiteID();

              DirectoryEntry newSiteEntry = rootEntry.Children.Add(newSiteNum, "IIsWebServer");

              newSiteEntry.CommitChanges();

 

              newSiteEntry.Properties["ServerBindings"].Value = siteInfo.BindString;

              newSiteEntry.Properties["ServerComment"].Value = siteInfo.CommentOfWebSite;

              newSiteEntry.CommitChanges();

 

              DirectoryEntry vdEntry = newSiteEntry.Children.Add("root", "IIsWebVirtualDir");

              vdEntry.CommitChanges();

 

              vdEntry.Properties["Path"].Value = siteInfo.WebPath;

              vdEntry.CommitChanges();

         }

 

         /// <summary>

         ///  删除一个网站。根据网站名称删除。

         /// </summary>

         /// <param name="siteName">网站名称</param>

         public static void DeleteWebSiteByName(string siteName)

         {

              string siteNum = GetWebSiteNum(siteName);

              string siteEntPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc/{1}", HostName, siteNum);

              DirectoryEntry siteEntry = GetDirectoryEntry(siteEntPath);

 

              string rootPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc", HostName);

              DirectoryEntry rootEntry = GetDirectoryEntry(rootPath);

 

              rootEntry.Children.Remove(siteEntry);

              rootEntry.CommitChanges();

         }

          #endregion

 

          #region Start和Stop网站的方法

         public static void StartWebSite(string siteName)

         {

              string siteNum = GetWebSiteNum(siteName);

              string siteEntPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc/{1}", HostName, siteNum);

              DirectoryEntry siteEntry = GetDirectoryEntry(siteEntPath);

 

              siteEntry.Invoke("Start", new object[] {});

         }

 

         public static void StopWebSite(string siteName)

         {

              string siteNum = GetWebSiteNum(siteName);

              string siteEntPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc/{1}", HostName, siteNum);

              DirectoryEntry siteEntry = GetDirectoryEntry(siteEntPath);

 

              siteEntry.Invoke("Stop", new object[] {});

         }

          #endregion

 

          #region 确认网站是否相同

         /// <summary>

         ///  确定一个新的网站与现有的网站没有相同的。

         ///  这样防止将非法的数据存放到IIS里面去

         /// </summary>

         /// <param name="bindStr">网站邦定信息</param>

         /// <returns>真为可以创建,假为不可以创建</returns>

         public static bool EnsureNewSiteEnavaible(string bindStr)

         {

              string entPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc", HostName);

              DirectoryEntry ent = GetDirectoryEntry(entPath);

  

              foreach(DirectoryEntry child in ent.Children)

              {

                   if(child.SchemaClassName == "IIsWebServer")

                   {

                        if(child.Properties["ServerBindings"].Value != null)

                       {

                            if(child.Properties["ServerBindings"].Value.ToString() == bindStr)

                            {

                                 return false;

                            }

                       }

                   }

              }

 

              return true;

         }

          #endregion

 

          #region 获取一个网站编号的方法

         /// <summary>

         ///  获取一个网站的编号。根据网站的ServerBindings或者ServerComment来确定网站编号

         /// </summary>

         /// <param name="siteName"></param>

         /// <returns>返回网站的编号</returns>

         /// <exception cref="NotFoundWebSiteException">表示没有找到网站</exception>

         public static string GetWebSiteNum(string siteName)

         {

              Regex regex = new Regex(siteName);

              string tmpStr;

 

              string entPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc", HostName);

              DirectoryEntry ent = GetDirectoryEntry(entPath);

  

              foreach(DirectoryEntry child in ent.Children)

              {

                   if(child.SchemaClassName == "IIsWebServer")

                   {

                        if(child.Properties["ServerBindings"].Value != null)

                       {

                            tmpStr = child.Properties["ServerBindings"].Value.ToString();

                            if(regex.Match(tmpStr).Success)

                            {

                                 return child.Name;

                            }

                       }

 

                        if(child.Properties["ServerComment"].Value != null)

                       {

                            tmpStr = child.Properties["ServerComment"].Value.ToString();

                            if(regex.Match(tmpStr).Success)

                            {

                                 return child.Name;

                            }

                       }

                   }

              }

 

              throw new NotFoundWebSiteException("没有找到我们想要的站点" + siteName);

         }

          #endregion

 

          #region 获取新网站id的方法

         /// <summary>

         ///  获取网站系统里面可以使用的最小的ID。

         ///  这是因为每个网站都需要有一个唯一的编号,而且这个编号越小越好。

         ///  这里面的算法经过了测试是没有问题的。

         /// </summary>

         /// <returns>最小的id</returns>

         public static string GetNewWebSiteID()

         {

              ArrayList list = new ArrayList();

              string tmpStr;

 

              string entPath = String.Format("IIS://{0}/w3svc", HostName);

              DirectoryEntry ent = GetDirectoryEntry(entPath);

  

              foreach(DirectoryEntry child in ent.Children)

              {

                   if(child.SchemaClassName == "IIsWebServer")

                   {

                       tmpStr = child.Name.ToString();

                        list.Add(Convert.ToInt32(tmpStr));

                   }

              }

 

              list.Sort();

 

              int i = 1;

              foreach(int j in list)

              {

                   if(i == j)

                   {

                       i++;

                   }

              }

 

              return i.ToString();

         }

          #endregion

     }

 

     #region 新网站信息结构体

     public struct NewWebSiteInfo

     {

          private string hostIP;   // The Hosts IP Address

          private string portNum;   // The New Web Sites Port.generally is "80"

          private string descOfWebSite; // 网站表示。一般为网站的网站名。例如"www.dns.com.cn"

          private string commentOfWebSite;// 网站注释。一般也为网站的网站名。

          private string webPath;   // 网站的主目录。例如"e:/tmp"

 

         public NewWebSiteInfo(string hostIP, string portNum, string descOfWebSite, string commentOfWebSite, string webPath)

         {

              this.hostIP = hostIP;

              this.portNum = portNum;

              this.descOfWebSite = descOfWebSite;

              this.commentOfWebSite = commentOfWebSite;

              this.webPath = webPath;

         }

 

         public string BindString

         {

              get

              {

                   return String.Format("{0}:{1}:{2}", hostIP, portNum, descOfWebSite);

              }

         }

 

         public string CommentOfWebSite

         {

              get

              {

                   return commentOfWebSite;

              }

         }

 

         public string WebPath

         {

              get

              {

                   return webPath;

              }

         }

     }

     #endregion

}

 

 

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