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JNI字符集的转换

发表于2004/10/9 10:34:00  1139人阅读

    写Java JNI的时候最头痛的莫过于字符集的转换问题,众所周知,Java里字符串是以Unicode编码存储的,而C/C++里大部分是单字节处理,这就涉及到一个转换的问题,下面是两个函数用来在JString到Char*之间的转换:
//author Naven 2003 for both Win32 and Unix os

//为了便于使用,无需另连接库,Win32里需自己写双字节memset函数
#if	defined(_WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__)
wchar_t *mywmemset(wchar_t *_S, wchar_t _C, size_t _N)
{
    wchar_t *_Su = _S;
    for (; 0 < _N; ++_Su, --_N)
            *_Su = _C;
    return (_S); 
}
#endif

//将Java里jstring类型转换成单字节字符串
size_t JStringToChars(JNIEnv *env, 
    const jstring jstr, char *mbstr, const size_t mbslen) 
{
    const jchar *jwstr; 
    wchar_t *wbuf=0; 
    size_t nsize=0; 
    jsize jlen=0; 
    register int i=0; 

    memset(mbstr, 0, mbslen); 
    if( jstr == NULL ) return 0; 
    jwstr = (*env)->GetStringChars(env, jstr, 0); 

    jlen = (*env)->GetStringLength(env, jstr); 
    if( jlen <= 0 ) return 0; 

#if	defined(_WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__)
    wbuf = (wchar_t *) jwstr; 
    nsize = wcstombs(mbstr, wbuf, mbslen-1); 
#else
    wbuf = (wchar_t *) malloc((jlen+1)*sizeof(wchar_t)); 
    mywmemset(wbuf, (wchar_t)0, (size_t)(jlen+1)); 

    for( i = 0; i < jlen; i ++ ) 
        wbuf[i] = (wchar_t)jwstr[i]; 

    nsize = wcstombs(mbstr, wbuf, mbslen-1); 
    free(wbuf); 
#endif

    if( nsize >= 0 && nsize < mbslen ) 
        mbstr[nsize] = 0; 
    
    return nsize; 
}

//将单字节字符串转换成Java里可使用的jstring类型
size_t CharsToJString(JNIEnv *env, 
    const char *mbstr, jstring *jstr) 
{
    jchar *jwstr=0; 
    wchar_t *wcstr=0; 
    size_t slen=0, nsize=0; 
    register int i=0;

    if( mbstr != NULL ) 
        slen = strlen(mbstr); 
    if( mbstr == NULL || slen <= 0 ) { 
        *jstr = (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, ""); 
        return 0; 
    }

    wcstr = (wchar_t *) malloc((slen+1)*sizeof(wchar_t)); 
    mywmemset(wcstr, 0, slen+1); 
    nsize = mbstowcs(wcstr, mbstr, slen*2); 
    
    jwstr = (jchar *) wcstr; 

#if	defined(_WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__)
#else
    for(i =0; i < (int)nsize; i ++) {
        jwstr[i] = jwstr[i*2]; 
    }
    jwstr[nsize] = 0; 
#endif

    if( nsize <= 0 ) 
        *jstr = (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, ""); 
    else 
        *jstr = (*env)->NewString(env, jwstr, nsize); 

    free(wcstr); 
    return nsize;
}
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