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C# - MailSender 邮件发送组件源代码 (支持ESMTP, 附件)

发表于2003/5/2 9:16:00  747人阅读

分类: Favour

//============================================================
// File: MailSender.cs
// 邮件发送组件
// 支持ESMTP, 多附件
//============================================================

namespace JcPersonal.Utility
{
 using System;
 using System.Collections;
 using System.Net.Sockets;
 using System.IO;
 using System.Text;

 /// <summary>
 /// Mail 发送器
 /// </summary>
 public class MailSender
 {
  /// <summary>
  /// SMTP服务器域名
  /// </summary>
  public string Server {
   get { return server; }
   set { if (value != server) server = value; }
  } private string server = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// SMTP服务器端口 [默认为25]
  /// </summary>
  public int Port {
   get { return port; }
   set { if (value != port) port = value; }
  } private int port = 25;

  /// <summary>
  /// 用户名 [如果需要身份验证的话]
  /// </summary>
  public string UserName {
   get { return userName; }
   set { if (value != userName) userName = value; }
  } private string userName = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 密码 [如果需要身份验证的话]
  /// </summary>
  public string Password {
   get { return password; }
   set { if (value != password) password = value; }
  } private string password = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 发件人地址
  /// </summary>
  public string From {
   get { return from; }
   set { if (value != from) from = value;}
  } private string from = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 收件人地址
  /// </summary>
  public string To {
   get { return to; }
   set { if (value != to) to = value;}
  } private string to = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 发件人姓名
  /// </summary>
  public string FromName {
   get { return fromName; }
   set { if (value != fromName) fromName = value; }
  } private string fromName = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 收件人姓名
  /// </summary>
  public string ToName {
   get { return toName; }
   set { if (value != toName) toName = value; }
  } private string toName = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 邮件的主题
  /// </summary>
  public string Subject {
   get { return subject; }
   set { if (value != subject) subject = value; }
  } private string subject = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 邮件正文
  /// </summary>
  public string Body {
   get { return body; }
   set { if (value != body) body = value; }
  } private string body = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 超文本格式的邮件正文
  /// </summary>
  public string HtmlBody {
   get { return htmlBody; }
   set { if (value != htmlBody) htmlBody = value; }
  } private string htmlBody = "";

  /// <summary>
  /// 是否是html格式的邮件
  /// </summary>
  public bool IsHtml {
   get { return isHtml; }
   set { if (value != isHtml) isHtml = value; }
  } private bool isHtml = false;

  /// <summary>
  /// 语言编码 [默认为GB2312]
  /// </summary>
  public string LanguageEncoding {
   get { return languageEncoding; }
   set { if (value != languageEncoding) languageEncoding = value; }
  } private string languageEncoding = "GB2312";

  /// <summary>
  /// 邮件编码 [默认为8bit]
  /// </summary>
  public string MailEncoding {
   get { return encoding; }
   set { if (value != encoding) encoding = value; }
  } private string encoding = "8bit";

  /// <summary>
  /// 邮件优先级 [默认为3]
  /// </summary>
  public int Priority {
   get { return priority; }
   set { if (value != priority) priority = value; }
  } private int priority = 3;

  /// <summary>
  /// 附件 [AttachmentInfo]
  /// </summary>
  public IList Attachments {
   get { return attachments; }
//   set { if (value != attachments) attachments = value; }
  } private ArrayList attachments = new ArrayList ();


  /// <summary>
  /// 发送邮件
  /// </summary>
  public void SendMail ()
  {
   // 创建TcpClient对象, 并建立连接
   TcpClient tcp = null;
   try
   {
    tcp = new TcpClient (server, port);
   }
   catch (Exception)
   {
    throw new Exception ("无法连接服务器");
   }

   ReadString (tcp.GetStream());//获取连接信息

   // 开始进行服务器认证
   // 如果状态码是250则表示操作成功
   if (!Command (tcp.GetStream(), "EHLO Localhost", "250"))
    throw new Exception ("登陆阶段失败");

   if (userName != "")
   {
    // 需要身份验证
    if (!Command (tcp.GetStream(), "AUTH LOGIN", "334"))
     throw new Exception ("身份验证阶段失败");
    string nameB64 = ToBase64 (userName); // 此处将username转换为Base64码
    if (!Command (tcp.GetStream(), nameB64, "334"))
     throw new Exception ("身份验证阶段失败");
    string passB64 = ToBase64 (password); // 此处将password转换为Base64码
    if (!Command (tcp.GetStream(), passB64, "235"))
     throw new Exception ("身份验证阶段失败");
   }


   // 准备发送
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "mail From: " + from);
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "rcpt to: " + to);
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "data");

   // 发送邮件头
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Date: " + DateTime.Now); // 时间
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "From: " + fromName + "<" + from + ">"); // 发件人
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Subject: " + subject); // 主题
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "To:" + toName + "<" + to + ">"); // 收件人

   //邮件格式
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=/"unique-boundary-1/"");
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Reply-To:" + from); // 回复地址
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "X-Priority:" + priority); // 优先级
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "MIME-Version:1.0"); // MIME版本

   // 数据ID,随意
//   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Message-Id:
" + DateTime.Now.ToFileTime() + "@security.com");
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Transfer-Encoding:" + encoding); // 内容编码
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "X-Mailer:JcPersonal.Utility.MailSender"); // 邮件发送者
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");

   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), ToBase64 ("This is a multi-part message in MIME format."));
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");

   // 从此处开始进行分隔输入
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "--unique-boundary-1");

   // 在此处定义第二个分隔符
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Type: multipart/alternative;Boundary=/"unique-boundary-2/"");
   WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");

   if(!isHtml)
   {
    // 文本信息
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "--unique-boundary-2");
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Type: text/plain;charset=" + languageEncoding);
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Transfer-Encoding:" + encoding);
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), body);
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");//一个部分写完之后就写如空信息,分段
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "--unique-boundary-2--");//分隔符的结束符号,尾巴后面多了--
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
   }
   else
   {
    //html信息
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "--unique-boundary-2");
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Type: text/html;charset=" + languageEncoding);
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Transfer-Encoding:" + encoding);
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), htmlBody);
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "--unique-boundary-2--");//分隔符的结束符号,尾巴后面多了--
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
   }

   // 发送附件
   // 对文件列表做循环
   for (int i = 0; i < attachments.Count; i++)
   {
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "--unique-boundary-1"); // 邮件内容分隔符
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Type: application/octet-stream;name=/"" + ((AttachmentInfo)attachments[i]).FileName + "/""); // 文件格式
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64"); // 内容的编码
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=/"" + ((AttachmentInfo)attachments[i]).FileName + "/""); // 文件名
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), ((AttachmentInfo)attachments[i]).Bytes); // 写入文件的内容
    WriteString (tcp.GetStream(), "");
   }

   Command (tcp.GetStream(), ".", "250"); // 最后写完了,输入"."

   // 关闭连接
   tcp.Close ();
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 向流中写入字符
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="netStream">来自TcpClient的流</param>
  /// <param name="str">写入的字符</param>
  protected void WriteString (NetworkStream netStream, string str)
  {
   str = str + "/r/n"; // 加入换行符

   // 将命令行转化为byte[]
   byte[] bWrite = Encoding.GetEncoding(languageEncoding).GetBytes(str.ToCharArray());

   // 由于每次写入的数据大小是有限制的,那么我们将每次写入的数据长度定在75个字节,一旦命令长度超过了75,就分步写入。
   int start=0;
   int length=bWrite.Length;
   int page=0;
   int size=75;
   int count=size;
   try
   {
    if (length>75)
    {
     // 数据分页
     if ((length/size)*size<length)
      page=length/size+1;
     else
      page=length/size;
     for (int i=0;i<page;i++)
     {
      start=i*size;
      if (i==page-1)
       count=length-(i*size);
      netStream.Write(bWrite,start,count);// 将数据写入到服务器上
     }
    }
    else
     netStream.Write(bWrite,0,bWrite.Length);
   }
   catch(Exception)
   {
    // 忽略错误
   }
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 从流中读取字符
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="netStream">来自TcpClient的流</param>
  /// <returns>读取的字符</returns>
  protected string ReadString (NetworkStream netStream)
  {
   string sp = null;
   byte[] by = new byte[1024];
   int size = netStream.Read(by,0,by.Length);// 读取数据流
   if (size > 0)
   {
    sp = Encoding.Default.GetString(by);// 转化为String
   }
   return sp;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 发出命令并判断返回信息是否正确
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="netStream">来自TcpClient的流</param>
  /// <param name="command">命令</param>
  /// <param name="state">正确的状态码</param>
  /// <returns>是否正确</returns>
  protected bool Command (NetworkStream netStream, string command, string state)
  {
   string sp=null;
   bool success=false;
   try
   {
    WriteString (netStream, command);// 写入命令
    sp = ReadString (netStream);// 接受返回信息
    if (sp.IndexOf(state) != -1)// 判断状态码是否正确
     success=true;
   }
   catch(Exception)
   {
    // 忽略错误
   }
   return success;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 字符串编码为Base64
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="str">字符串</param>
  /// <returns>Base64编码的字符串</returns>
  protected string ToBase64 (string str)
  {
   try
   {
    byte[] by = Encoding.Default.GetBytes (str.ToCharArray());
    str = Convert.ToBase64String (by);
   }
   catch(Exception)
   {
    // 忽略错误
   }
   return str;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 附件信息
  /// </summary>
  public struct AttachmentInfo
  {
   /// <summary>
   /// 附件的文件名 [如果输入路径,则自动转换为文件名]
   /// </summary>
   public string FileName {
    get { return fileName; }
    set { fileName = Path.GetFileName(value); }
   } private string fileName;

   /// <summary>
   /// 附件的内容 [由经Base64编码的字节组成]
   /// </summary>
   public string Bytes {
    get { return bytes; }
    set { if (value != bytes) bytes = value; }
   } private string bytes;

   /// <summary>
   /// 从流中读取附件内容并构造
   /// </summary>
   /// <param name="ifileName">附件的文件名</param>
   /// <param name="stream">流</param>
   public AttachmentInfo (string ifileName, Stream stream)
   {
    fileName = Path.GetFileName (ifileName);
    byte[] by = new byte [stream.Length];
    stream.Read (by,0,(int)stream.Length); // 读取文件内容
    //格式转换
    bytes = Convert.ToBase64String (by); // 转化为base64编码
   }

   /// <summary>
   /// 按照给定的字节构造附件
   /// </summary>
   /// <param name="ifileName">附件的文件名</param>
   /// <param name="ibytes">附件的内容 [字节]</param>
   public AttachmentInfo (string ifileName, byte[] ibytes)
   {
    fileName = Path.GetFileName (ifileName);
    bytes = Convert.ToBase64String (ibytes); // 转化为base64编码
   }

   /// <summary>
   /// 从文件载入并构造
   /// </summary>
   /// <param name="path"></param>
   public AttachmentInfo (string path)
   {
    fileName = Path.GetFileName (path);
    FileStream file = new FileStream (path, FileMode.Open);
    byte[] by = new byte [file.Length];
    file.Read (by,0,(int)file.Length); // 读取文件内容
    //格式转换
    bytes = Convert.ToBase64String (by); // 转化为base64编码
    file.Close ();
   }
  }
 }
}


// 使用:

  MailSender ms = new MailSender ();
  ms.From = "jovenc@tom.com";
  ms.To = "jovenc@citiz.net";
  ms.Subject = "Subject";
  ms.Body = "body text";
  ms.UserName = "########";  // 怎么能告诉你呢
  ms.Password = "********"; // 怎么能告诉你呢
  ms.Server = "smtp.tom.com";

  ms.Attachments.Add (new MailSender.AttachmentInfo (@"D:/test.txt"));

  Console.WriteLine ("mail sending...");
  try
  {
   ms.SendMail ();
   Console.WriteLine ("mail sended.");
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
   Console.WriteLine (e);
  }

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