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如何有效的使用对话框?

发表于2002/8/27 14:28:00  554人阅读

 

如何有效的使用对话框?
译者:徐景周(原作:VGirish)

Q:如何在对话框中加入工具条

     
OnInitDialog 中加入下面代码:

 
  BOOL CYourDlg::OnInitDialog()
  {
       CDialog::OnInitDialog();     
 
       // Create the toolbar. To understand the meaning of the styles used, you 
       // can take a look at the MSDN for the Create function of the CToolBar class.
       ToolBar.Create(this, WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE | CBRS_TOP | CBRS_TOOLTIPS |CBRS_FLYBY | CBRS_BORDER_BOTTOM);
 
      // I have assumed that you have named your toolbar's resource as IDR_TOOLBAR1.
      // If you have given it a different name, change the line below to accomodate 
      // that by changing the parameter for the LoadToolBar function.
      ToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDR_TOOLBAR1);
  
      CRect rcClientStart;
      CRect rcClientNow;
      GetClientRect(rcClientStart);
 
      // To reposition and resize the control bar
      RepositionBars(AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST, AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST,0, reposQuery, rcClientNow);
     CPoint ptOffset(rcClientNow.left - rcClientStart.left,rcClientNow.top-rcClientStart.top);
 
     CRect rcChild;
     CWnd* pwndChild = GetWindow(GW_CHILD);
 
     while (pwndChild)
     {
       pwndChild->GetWindowRect(rcChild);
       ScreenToClient(rcChild);
       rcChild.OffsetRect(ptOffset);
       pwndChild->MoveWindow(rcChild, FALSE);
       pwndChild = pwndChild->GetNextWindow();
     }
 
     CRect rcWindow;
     GetWindowRect(rcWindow);
     rcWindow.right += rcClientStart.Width() - rcClientNow.Width();
     rcWindow.bottom += rcClientStart.Height() - rcClientNow.Height();
     MoveWindow(rcWindow, FALSE);   
 
     // And position the control bars
     RepositionBars(AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST, AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST, 0);
  
     return TRUE;  // return TRUE  unless you set the focus to a control
  }

    


Q:如何改变对话框的形状?

    
可用下面一些涵数:

     CreatePolygonRgn
     CreateRectRgn
     CreateRoundRectRgn
.

  CRgn m_rgn;  // Put this in your dialog's header file. i.e. a member variable
 
  // This Gets the size of the Dialog: This piece of code is to be placed in the
  // OnInitDialog Function of your dialog.
 
  CRect rcDialog
  GetClientRect(rcDialog);
 
  // The following code Creates the area and assigns it to your Dialog
  m_rgn.CreateEllipticRgn(0, 0, rcDialog.Width(), rcDialogHeight());
  SetWindowRgn(GetSafeHwnd(), (HRGN) m_rgn, TRUE);

Q:如何实现非客户区移动?

    
可用下面二种方法:

 
  // Handler for WM_LBUTTONDOWN message
 
  void CYourDialog::OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
  {
     CDialog::OnLButtonDown(nFlags, point);
     PostMessage( WM_NCLBUTTONDOWN, HTCAPTION, MAKELPARAM( point.x, point.y));
  }
 
  // Handler for WM_NCHITTEST message
 
  LONG CYourDialog::OnNcHitTest( UINT uParam, LONG lParam )
  {  
     int xPos = LOWORD(lParam);
     int yPos = HIWORD(lParam);
     UINT nHitTest = CDialog::OnNcHitTest(CSize(xPos, yPos));
     return (nHitTest == HTCLIENT) ? HTCAPTION : nHitTest;
  }

 


Q:如何使对话框初始为最小化状态?

    
OnInitDialog 中加入下面代码:

  SendMessage(WM_SYSCOMMAND, SC_MAXIMIZE, NULL);

Q:如何限定对话框大小范围?

    
WM_SIZING中加入下面代码:

 
  void CYourDialog::OnSizing(UINT fwSide, LPRECT pRect) 
  {
     if(pRect->right - pRect->left <=200)
         pRect->right = pRect->left + 200;
         
     if(pRect->bottom - pRect->top <=200)
         pRect->bottom = pRect->top + 200;
 
     CDialog::OnSizing(fwSide, pRect);
  }

 


Q:如何在对话框中加入状态条?

     
定义 CStatusBar 变量:

  CStatusBar m_StatusBar;

     定义状态条指定状态:

  static UINT BASED_CODE indicators[] =
  {
     ID_INDICATOR_CAPS,
     ID_INDICATOR_NUM
  };

      OnInitDialog 中加入下面代码:

 
  m_StatusBar.CreateEx(this,SBT_TOOLTIPS,WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|CBRS_BOTTOM,AFX_IDW_STATUS_BAR);
 
  // Set the indicators namely caps and nums lock status
  m_StatusBar.SetIndicators(indicators,sizeof(indicators)/sizeof(UINT));
 
  CRect rect;
  GetClientRect(&rect);
                 
  m_StatusBar.SetPaneInfo(0,ID_INDICATOR_CAPS,SBPS_NORMAL,rect.Width()/2);
  m_StatusBar.SetPaneInfo(1,ID_INDICATOR_NUM,SBPS_STRETCH ,rect.Width()/2);
 
  RepositionBars(AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST,AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST,ID_INDICATOR_NUM);
 
  m_StatusBar.GetStatusBarCtrl().SetBkColor(RGB(180,180,180));
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