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用JBuilder2005开发Web应用

发表于2004/10/12 16:31:00  1943人阅读

分类: java学习

JBuilder2005开发Web应用

高科华

JBuilder是一个开放的Java IDE,它集成了TomcatWeblogic等服务器。虽然JDKTomcatWeblogic不断升级,我们仍可以在JBuilder中使用它们的最新版本。由于Tomcat服务器的配置比较复杂,习惯了Windows平台的程序员常常对Tomcat的使用感到困惑。本文给出了一个使用Tomcat环境下的数据库连接池Database Connection Pool (DBCP) 的例子,说明了用JBuilder开发Web应用的一般步骤,并回答了一些经常遇到的问题。

 

JBuilder2005所带JDK的版本是1.4.2_04-b05,其文件放在目录JBuilder_HOME/jdk1.4下,Tomcat的最新版本是5.0.27,其文件放在目录JBuilder_HOME/thirdparty/ jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27下。下面首先给出给出了一个使用Tomcat环境下的数据库连接池Database Connection Pool (DBCP) 的例子。

 

1.         File-New Project新建工程文件,输入工程文件名称myWeb和目录C:/myWeb

 

2.         Project-Project Properties设置工程文件的属性,选择Tomcat为服务器

 

3.         File-New新建Web ModuleWAR

 

输入Web Module的名称DBTest和目录DBTest

 

 

4.         File-New新建JSP,输入jsp文件的名称test.jsp,产生test.jsp文件后修改test.jsp的内容


Test.jsp:

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=Big5" %>

<html>

  <head>

    <title>DB Test</title>

  </head>

  <body>

 

  <%

    foo.DBTest tst = new foo.DBTest();

    tst.init();

  %>

 

  <h2>Results</h2>

    Foo <%= tst.getFoo() %><br/>

    Bar <%= tst.getBar() %>

 

  </body>

</html>

 

 

将会生成一个名称为testruntime configuration

Run-Configurations-Edit可修改runtime configuration,特别是可以指定服务器的端口号和是否自动搜索为被占用的端口。

 

 

5.         File-New Class,输入类名DBTest和包名foo,产生DBTest.java文件后修改它的内容


DBTest.java

package foo;

 

import javax.naming.*;

import javax.sql.*;

import java.sql.*;

 

public class DBTest {

 

  String foo = "Not Connected";

  int bar = -1;

 

  public void init() {

    try{

      Context ctx = new InitialContext();

      if(ctx == null )

          throw new Exception("Boom - No Context");

 

      DataSource ds =

            (DataSource)ctx.lookup(

               "java:comp/env/jdbc/TestDB");

 

      if (ds != null) {

        Connection conn = ds.getConnection();

 

        if(conn != null)  {

            foo = "Got Connection "+conn.toString();

            Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();

            ResultSet rst =

                stmt.executeQuery(

                  "select id, foo, bar from testdata");

            if(rst.next()) {

               foo=rst.getString(2);

               bar=rst.getInt(3);

            }

            conn.close();

        }

      }

    }catch(Exception e) {

      e.printStackTrace();

    }

 }

 

 public String getFoo() { return foo; }

 public int getBar() { return bar;}

}

 

6.         修改web.xml的内容

web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd" version="2.4">

  <description>MySQL Test App</description>

  <resource-ref>

    <description>DB Connection</description>

    <res-ref-name>jdbc/TestDB</res-ref-name>

    <res-type>javax.sql.DataSource</res-type>

    <res-auth>Container</res-auth>

  </resource-ref>

</web-app>

 

7.         F9运行应用,myWeb目录中将会生成Tomcat子目录,其中包含了conf子目录,

Tomcat_HOME/conf/Catalina/localhost目录中生成了DBTest.xml文件

 

8.         myWeb/Tomcat/conf目录中的文件server8080.xml加入工程文件,修改server8080.xml的内容

server8080.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<Server debug="0" port="8081" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">

  <Service name="Catalina">

    <Connector acceptCount="10" connectionTimeout="60000" debug="0" maxThreads="75" minSpareThreads="5" port="8080"/>

    <Engine debug="0" defaultHost="localhost" name="Catalina">

      <Host appBase="C:/myWeb/Tomcat/webapps" autoDeploy="false" debug="0" deployXML="false" name="localhost" unpackWARs="false">

        <Context path="/DBTest" docBase="C:/myWeb/DBTest" debug="5" reloadable="true" crossContext="true" workDir="C:/myWeb/Tomcat/work/DBTest">

          <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger" prefix="localhost_DBTest_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true"/>

          <Resource name="jdbc/TestDB" auth="Container" type="javax.sql.DataSource"/>

          <ResourceParams name="jdbc/TestDB">

            <parameter>

              <name>factory</name>

              <value>org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSourceFactory</value>

            </parameter>

            <!--

              Maximum number of dB connections in pool. Make sure you

              configure your mysqld max_connections large enough to handle

              all of your db connections. Set to 0 for no limit.

            -->

            <parameter>

              <name>maxActive</name>

              <value>100</value>

            </parameter>

            <!--

              Maximum number of idle dB connections to retain in pool.

              Set to 0 for no limit.

            -->

            <parameter>

              <name>maxIdle</name>

              <value>30</value>

            </parameter>

            <!--

              Maximum time to wait for a dB connection to become available

              in ms, in this example 10 seconds. An Exception is thrown if

              this timeout is exceeded.  Set to -1 to wait indefinitely.

            -->

            <parameter>

              <name>maxWait</name>

              <value>10000</value>

            </parameter>

            <!-- MySQL dB username and password for dB connections  -->

            <parameter>

              <name>username</name>

              <value>sa</value>

            </parameter>

            <parameter>

              <name>password</name>

              <value>topcomputer</value>

            </parameter>

            <!-- Class name for mm.mysql JDBC driver -->

            <parameter>

              <name>driverClassName</name>

              <value>com.microsoft.jdbc.sqlserver.SQLServerDriver</value>

            </parameter>

            <!--

              The JDBC connection url for connecting to your MySQL dB.

              The autoReconnect=true argument to the url makes sure that the

              mm.mysql JDBC Driver will automatically reconnect if mysqld closed the

              connection.  mysqld by default closes idle connections after 8 hours.

            -->

            <parameter>

              <name>url</name>

              <value>jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://nt04:1433;DatabaseName=test</value>

            </parameter>

          </ResourceParams>

        </Context>

      </Host>

    </Engine>

  </Service>

</Server>

 

9.         JDBC驱动放在C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/thirdparty/jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27/common/lib目录中

10.      SQL Server中建立数据库test,数据库表文件testdata

creatTable.sql:

if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[testdata]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsUserTable') = 1)

drop table [dbo].[testdata]

GO

 

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[testdata] (

    [id] [int] NOT NULL ,

     [foo] [varchar] (50) COLLATE Chinese_Taiwan_Stroke_CI_AS NULL ,

     [bar] [int] NOT NULL

) ON [PRIMARY]

GO

输入几条记录作为测试数据。

11.      F9

12.      c:/myWebmulu中建立批处理文件startup.batshutdown.bat内容分别如下:

startup.bat:

C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/jdk1.4/bin/javaw -classpath "C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/thirdparty/jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27/bin/bootstrap.jar;C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/jdk1.4/lib/tools.jar"  "-Dcatalina.home=C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/thirdparty/jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27"  org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap -config "C:/myWeb/Tomcat/conf/server8080.xml" start

 

Shutdown.bat:

C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/jdk1.4/bin/javaw -classpath "C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/thirdparty/jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27/bin/bootstrap.jar;C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/jdk1.4/lib/tools.jar"  "-Dcatalina.home=C:/Borland/JBuilder2005/thirdparty/jakarta-tomcat-5.0.27"  org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap -config "C:/myWeb/Tomcat/conf/server8080.xml" stop

 

13.      运行startup.bat,在浏览器输入http://localhost:8080/DBTest/test.jsp

 

 

 

 

如何部署Web应用?

1.         打包生成war文件

2.         DBTest.war拷贝到Tomcat_HOME/webapps

3.         Tomcat_HOME/conf/Catalina/localhost目录中建立文件DBTest.xml

DBTest.xml

<!--

  Context configuration file for the Tomcat Administration Web App

  $Id: admin.xml,v 1.2 2002/07/23 12:13:05 remm Exp $

-->

 

 

<Context path="/DBTest" docBase="/DBTest" debug="5" reloadable="true" crossContext="true" workDir="../work/DBTest">

  <Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger" prefix="localhost_DBTest_log." suffix=".txt" timestamp="true"/>

  <Resource name="jdbc/TestDB" auth="Container" type="javax.sql.DataSource"/>

  <ResourceParams name="jdbc/TestDB">

    <parameter>

      <name>factory</name>

      <value>org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSourceFactory</value>

    </parameter>

    <!--

      Maximum number of dB connections in pool. Make sure you

      configure your mysqld max_connections large enough to handle

      all of your db connections. Set to 0 for no limit.

    -->

    <parameter>

      <name>maxActive</name>

      <value>100</value>

    </parameter>

    <!--

      Maximum number of idle dB connections to retain in pool.

      Set to 0 for no limit.

    -->

    <parameter>

      <name>maxIdle</name>

      <value>30</value>

    </parameter>

    <!--

      Maximum time to wait for a dB connection to become available

      in ms, in this example 10 seconds. An Exception is thrown if

      this timeout is exceeded.  Set to -1 to wait indefinitely.

    -->

    <parameter>

      <name>maxWait</name>

      <value>10000</value>

    </parameter>

    <!-- MySQL dB username and password for dB connections  -->

    <parameter>

      <name>username</name>

      <value>sa</value>

    </parameter>

    <parameter>

      <name>password</name>

      <value>topcomputer</value>

    </parameter>

    <!-- Class name for mm.mysql JDBC driver -->

    <parameter>

      <name>driverClassName</name>

      <value>com.microsoft.jdbc.sqlserver.SQLServerDriver</value>

    </parameter>

    <!--

      The JDBC connection url for connecting to your MySQL dB.

      The autoReconnect=true argument to the url makes sure that the

      mm.mysql JDBC Driver will automatically reconnect if mysqld closed the

      connection.  mysqld by default closes idle connections after 8 hours.

    -->

    <parameter>

      <name>url</name>

      <value>jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://nt04:1433;DatabaseName=test</value>

    </parameter>

  </ResourceParams>

</Context>

 

4.         启动TomcatDBTest.war将会解压到Tomcat_HOME/webapps/DBTest,并且在Tomcat_HOME/work/Catalina/localhost目录中生成DBTest目录

 

 

为什么不能生成war文件?

proterties for Web Module对话框中设置与Build有关的属性Build Web archive

 

如何在Web应用中加入目录和文件?

右击Module directory,在弹出的菜单中选择New-directory,输入目录名称;或右击拟在其中建立文件的目录,在弹出的菜单中选择New-File,选择文件类型,输入文件名。注意这样加入的文件只能是指定的文件类型。这样加入的目录和文件都会打包到war文件中。

 

如何加入其它类型的文件?

可以将文件拷贝到指定的目录,在proterties for Web Module对话框中设置属性Content,选择include all classes and resources,这样也可以将加入的文件打包到war文件中。

 

如何使用指定的JDK

选择菜单Tools-Configure-JDKs,在弹出的对话框中按New按钮,然后选择JDK的路径。

选择菜单Project-Project Properties,在弹出的对话框中选择加入的JDK

 

如何使用指定的Tomcat

选择菜单Enterprise-Configure Servers,在弹出的对话框中选择Tomcat5.0后按Copy按钮,

选择Copy产生的服务器Copy of Tomcat 5.0,选择Home Directory

选择菜单Project-Project Properties,在弹出的对话框中设置属性server,选择加入的Tomcat服务器

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