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SQL交叉表实例

发表于2003/5/26 12:07:00  3210人阅读

SQL交叉表实例

很简单的一个东西,见网上好多朋友问“怎么实现交叉表?”,以下是我写的一个例子,数据库基于SQL SERVER 2000

-- ======================================================

--交叉表实例

-- ======================================================

建表:

在查询分析器里运行:

CREATE TABLE [Test] (

       [id] [int] IDENTITY (1, 1) NOT NULL ,

       [name] [nvarchar] (50) COLLATE Chinese_PRC_CI_AS NULL ,

       [subject] [nvarchar] (50) COLLATE Chinese_PRC_CI_AS NULL ,

       [Source] [numeric](18, 0) NULL

) ON [PRIMARY]

GO

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'张三',N'语文',60)

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'李四',N'数学',70)

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'王五',N'英语',80)

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'王五',N'数学',75)

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'王五',N'语文',57)

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'李四',N'语文',80)

INSERT INTO [test] ([name],[subject],[Source]) values (N'张三',N'英语',100)

Go

 

交叉表语句的实现:

--用于:交叉表的列数是确定的

select name,sum(case subject when '数学' then source else 0 end) as '数学',

          sum(case subject when '英语' then source else 0 end) as '英语',

            sum(case subject when '语文' then source else 0 end) as '语文'

from test

group by name

 

 

--用于:交叉表的列数是不确定的

declare @sql varchar(8000)

set @sql = 'select name,'

 

select @sql = @sql + 'sum(case subject when '''+subject+'''

                          then source else 0 end) as '''+subject+''','

  from (select distinct subject from test) as a

 

select @sql = left(@sql,len(@sql)-1) + ' from test group by name'

exec(@sql)

go

 

运行结果:

 

 

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