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ACE的内存宏定义

发表于2004/11/1 11:53:00  2205人阅读

分类: C++

 

OS_Memory.h

 

这个文件主要提供了内存分配的安全的宏定义和内存分配静态类。

 

ACE的内存宏定义

ACE_HAS_NEW_NOTHROW宏定义了是否使用new的异常抛出

POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR,RET_VAL

用法:ACE_*(指针,类型,失败返回值)

 

#  if defined (ACE_HAS_NEW_NOTHROW)

#    define ACE_NEW_RETURN(POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR,RET_VAL) /

   do { POINTER = new (ACE_nothrow) CONSTRUCTOR; /

     if (POINTER == 0) { errno = ENOMEM; return RET_VAL; } /

   } while (0)

 

#    define ACE_NEW(POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR) /

   do { POINTER = new(ACE_nothrow) CONSTRUCTOR; /

     if (POINTER == 0) { errno = ENOMEM; return; } /

   } while (0)

#    define ACE_NEW_NORETURN(POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR) /

   do { POINTER = new(ACE_nothrow) CONSTRUCTOR; /

     if (POINTER == 0) { errno = ENOMEM; } /

   } while (0)

 

#  else

 

#    define ACE_NEW_RETURN(POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR,RET_VAL) /

   do { try { POINTER = new CONSTRUCTOR; } /

        catch (ACE_bad_alloc) { errno = ENOMEM; POINTER = 0; return RET_VAL; } /

   } while (0)

 

#    define ACE_NEW(POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR) /

   do { try { POINTER = new CONSTRUCTOR; } /

        catch (ACE_bad_alloc) { errno = ENOMEM; POINTER = 0; return; } /

   } while (0)

 

#    define ACE_NEW_NORETURN(POINTER,CONSTRUCTOR) /

   do { try { POINTER = new CONSTRUCTOR; } /

        catch (ACE_bad_alloc) { errno = ENOMEM; POINTER = 0; } /

   } while (0)

#  endif /* ACE_HAS_NEW_NOTHROW */

 

#else /* ACE_NEW_THROWS_EXCEPTIONS */

很明显使用NEW的抛出宏定义里使用到do{}while{} 语句和异常处理try{}catch{}的,保证分配内存的正确性。鼓励使用内存分配宏定义。在抛出的new的异常ACE_bad_alloc的定义如下:

 

 

// =========================================================================

// ACE_NEW macros

//

// A useful abstraction for expressions involving operator new since

// we can change memory allocation error handling policies (e.g.,

// depending on whether ANSI/ISO exception handling semantics are

// being used).

// =========================================================================

 

#if defined (ACE_NEW_THROWS_EXCEPTIONS)

 

// Since new() throws exceptions, we need a way to avoid passing

// exceptions past the call to new because ACE counts on having a 0

// return value for a failed allocation. Some compilers offer the

// new (nothrow) version, which does exactly what we want. Others

// do not. For those that do not, this sets up what exception is thrown,

// and then below we'll do a try/catch around the new to catch it and

// return a 0 pointer instead.

// 定义的惠普aCC编译器和各个版本

#  if defined (__HP_aCC)

      // I know this works for HP aC++... if <stdexcept> is used, it

      // introduces other stuff that breaks things, like <memory>, which

      // screws up auto_ptr.

#    include /**/ <new>

    // _HP_aCC was first defined at aC++ 03.13 on HP-UX 11. Prior to that

    // (03.10 and before) a failed new threw bad_alloc. After that (03.13

    // and above) the exception thrown is dependent on the below settings.

#    if (HPUX_VERS >= 1100)

#      if ((__HP_aCC < 32500 && !defined (RWSTD_NO_NAMESPACE)) || /

           defined (ACE_USES_STD_NAMESPACE_FOR_STDCPP_LIB))

#        define ACE_bad_alloc std::bad_alloc

#        define ACE_nothrow   std::nothrow

#        define ACE_nothrow_t std::nothrow_t

#      else

#        define ACE_bad_alloc bad_alloc

#        define ACE_nothrow   nothrow

#        define ACE_nothrow_t nothrow_t

#      endif /* __HP_aCC */

#    elif ((__HP_aCC <  12500 && !defined (RWSTD_NO_NAMESPACE)) || /

           defined (ACE_USES_STD_NAMESPACE_FOR_STDCPP_LIB))

#      define ACE_bad_alloc std::bad_alloc

#      define ACE_nothrow   std::nothrow

#      define ACE_nothrow_t std::nothrow_t

#    else

#      define ACE_bad_alloc bad_alloc

#      define ACE_nothrow   nothrow

#      define ACE_nothrow_t nothrow_t

#    endif /* HPUX_VERS < 1100 */

#    define ACE_throw_bad_alloc throw ACE_bad_alloc ()

//  Sun的编译器和版本

#  elif defined (__SUNPRO_CC)

#      if (__SUNPRO_CC < 0x500) || (__SUNPRO_CC_COMPAT == 4)

#        include /**/ <exception.h>

         // Note: we catch ::xalloc rather than just xalloc because of

         // a name clash with unsafe_ios::xalloc()

#        define ACE_bad_alloc ::xalloc

#        define ACE_throw_bad_alloc throw ACE_bad_alloc ("no more memory")

#      else

#        include /**/ <new>

#        define ACE_bad_alloc std::bad_alloc

#        define ACE_throw_bad_alloc throw ACE_bad_alloc ()

#      endif /* __SUNPRO_CC < 0x500 */

//  Borland的编译器或者使用标准名字空间的C++

#  elif defined (__BORLANDC__) || defined (ACE_USES_STD_NAMESPACE_FOR_STDCPP_LIB)

#    include /**/ <new>

#    define ACE_bad_alloc std::bad_alloc

#    define ACE_throw_bad_alloc throw ACE_bad_alloc ()

#  else

//  缺省的时候的编译器

#    include /**/ <new>

#    define ACE_bad_alloc bad_alloc

#    define ACE_throw_bad_alloc throw ACE_bad_alloc ()

#  endif /* __HP_aCC */

 

# define ACE_throw_bad_alloc /

  void* gcc_will_complain_if_literal_0_is_returned = 0; /

  return gcc_will_complain_if_literal_0_is_returned

 

另外一个是内存分配类ACE_OS_Memory,比较简单与C风格的内存分配函数类似。

 

class ACE_OS_Export ACE_OS_Memory

{

public:

  // = A set of wrappers for memory managment.

  static void *sbrk (int brk);

  static void *calloc (size_t elements, size_t sizeof_elements);

  static void *malloc (size_t);

  static void *realloc (void *, size_t);

  static void free (void *);

};

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