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制作一个可以输入 IP 地址的控件

发表于2004/10/8 10:15:00  839人阅读

分类: .net专区

 

准备工作:     
     1. 首先,打开vs.net,新建一个C#类库项目。如叫 IpBoxControl。
     2. 在vs.net 的菜单,“项目”,“添加用户控件”,把这个用户控件取名为IpBox。
     3. 把一个Panel从工具箱拖到IpBox的设计视图,取名为panel1,设置panel1的Location为(0,0),Size为(136, 20),BorderStyle为Fixed3D,BackColor为Window。
     4. 把一个TextBox从工具箱拖到panel1里。取名为textBox1,设置textBox1的Location为(8,0),Size为(20, 14),BorderStyle为None,MaxLength为3,TextAlign为Center,Text为““,BackColor为Window。
     5. 把一个Label从工具箱拖到panel1里。取名为label1,设置label1的Location为(32, 0),Size为(8, 14),BorderStyle为None,TextAlign为TopCenter,Text为“.”,BackColor为Window。
     6. 选取textBox1和label1,textBox1复制、粘贴上3份,label1复制、粘贴上2份。分别命名为textBox2、label2,textBox3、label3,textBox4。Location分别为(40, 0)、(64, 0)、(72, 0)、(96, 0)、(104, 0)。
     7. 设置IpBox的Location为(0,0),Size为(136, 20)。
    
现在一个ip box 的形状已经出来了,接下来要在程序里实现输入的控制。
源代码如下:


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Data;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

namespace XRascal.Controls
{
 /// <summary>
 /// UserControl1 的摘要说明。
 /// </summary>
 [
 Description("横刀夺爱的 Ip Box 控件!用于输入 IP 地址。"),
 ToolboxBitmap(typeof(XRascal.Controls.IpBox))
 ]
 public class IpBox : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
 {
  private System.Windows.Forms.Panel panel1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox4;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label3;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox3;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox2;
  private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
  private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;
  private string _text = "";
  /// <summary>
  /// 必需的设计器变量。
  /// </summary>
  private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

  public IpBox()
  {
   // 该调用是 Windows.Forms 窗体设计器所必需的。
   InitializeComponent();

   // TODO: 在 InitializeComponent 调用后添加任何初始化
   
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
  /// </summary>
  protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
  {
   if( disposing )
   {
    if(components != null)
    {
     components.Dispose();
    }
   }
   base.Dispose( disposing );
  }

  #region 组件设计器生成的代码
  /// <summary>
  /// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要使用代码编辑器
  /// 修改此方法的内容。
  /// </summary>
  private void InitializeComponent()
  {
   this.panel1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Panel();
   this.textBox4 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
   this.label3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
   this.textBox3 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
   this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
   this.textBox2 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
   this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
   this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
   this.panel1.SuspendLayout();
   this.SuspendLayout();
   //
   // panel1
   //
   this.panel1.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White;
   this.panel1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.Fixed3D;
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.textBox4);
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.label3);
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.textBox3);
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.label2);
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.textBox2);
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.label1);
   this.panel1.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
   this.panel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
   this.panel1.Name = "panel1";
   this.panel1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 20);
   this.panel1.TabIndex = 1;
   //
   // textBox4
   //
   this.textBox4.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.None;
   this.textBox4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(104, 0);
   this.textBox4.MaxLength = 3;
   this.textBox4.Name = "textBox4";
   this.textBox4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(20, 14);
   this.textBox4.TabIndex = 6;
   this.textBox4.TextAlign = System.Windows.Forms.HorizontalAlignment.Center;
   this.textBox4.KeyPress += new System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventHandler(this.textBox4_KeyPress);
   //
   // label3
   //
   this.label3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(96, 0);
   this.label3.Name = "label3";
   this.label3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(8, 14);
   this.label3.TabIndex = 5;
   this.label3.Text = ".";
   this.label3.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.TopCenter;
   //
   // textBox3
   //
   this.textBox3.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.None;
   this.textBox3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(72, 0);
   this.textBox3.MaxLength = 3;
   this.textBox3.Name = "textBox3";
   this.textBox3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(20, 14);
   this.textBox3.TabIndex = 4;
   this.textBox3.TextAlign = System.Windows.Forms.HorizontalAlignment.Center;
   this.textBox3.KeyPress += new System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventHandler(this.textBox3_KeyPress);
   //
   // label2
   //
   this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 0);
   this.label2.Name = "label2";
   this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(8, 14);
   this.label2.TabIndex = 3;
   this.label2.Text = ".";
   this.label2.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.TopCenter;
   //
   // textBox2
   //
   this.textBox2.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.None;
   this.textBox2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(40, 0);
   this.textBox2.MaxLength = 3;
   this.textBox2.Name = "textBox2";
   this.textBox2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(20, 14);
   this.textBox2.TabIndex = 2;
   this.textBox2.TextAlign = System.Windows.Forms.HorizontalAlignment.Center;
   this.textBox2.KeyPress += new System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventHandler(this.textBox2_KeyPress);
   //
   // label1
   //
   this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(32, 0);
   this.label1.Name = "label1";
   this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(8, 14);
   this.label1.TabIndex = 1;
   this.label1.Text = ".";
   this.label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.TopCenter;
   //
   // textBox1
   //
   this.textBox1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.None;
   this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 0);
   this.textBox1.MaxLength = 3;
   this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
   this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(20, 14);
   this.textBox1.TabIndex = 0;
   this.textBox1.TextAlign = System.Windows.Forms.HorizontalAlignment.Center;
   this.textBox1.KeyPress += new System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventHandler(this.textBox1_KeyPress);
   //
   // IpBox
   //
   this.Controls.Add(this.panel1);
   this.Name = "IpBox";
   this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 20);
   this.panel1.ResumeLayout(false);
   this.ResumeLayout(false);

  }
  #endregion

  private void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs e)
  {
   //System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(0).GetString();
  }

  private void textBox1_KeyPress(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs e)
  {
   MaskIpAddr( textBox1, e );
  }

  private void textBox2_KeyPress(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs e)
  {
   MaskIpAddr( textBox2, e );
  }

  private void textBox3_KeyPress(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs e)
  {
   MaskIpAddr( textBox3, e );
  }

  private void textBox4_KeyPress(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs e)
  {
   MaskIpAddr( textBox4, e );
  }

  private void MaskIpAddr( System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox, KeyPressEventArgs e)
  {
   int len = textBox.Text.Length;
 
   if(Char.IsDigit(e.KeyChar) || e.KeyChar == '.' || e.KeyChar == 8)
   { 
    if (e.KeyChar != 8)
    {
     if(len == 2 && e.KeyChar != '.')
     {
      string tmp = textBox.Text + e.KeyChar;
      if( textBox.Name == "textBox1" )
      {
       if(Int32.Parse(tmp)> 223) // 进行验证
       {
        MessageBox.Show( tmp + " 不是一个有效项目。请指定一个介于 1 和 223 之间的数值。");
        textBox.Text = "223";
        textBox.Focus();
        return;
       }

       textBox2.Focus();
       textBox2.SelectAll();
       
      }
      else if( textBox.Name == "textBox2" )
      {
       if(Int32.Parse(tmp)> 255) 
       {
        MessageBox.Show( tmp + " 不是一个有效项目。请指定一个介于 1 和 255 之间的数值。");
        textBox.Text = "255";
        textBox.Focus();
        return;
       }
       textBox3.Focus();
       textBox3.SelectAll();
      }
      else if( textBox.Name == "textBox3" )
      {
       if(Int32.Parse(tmp)> 255) 
       {
        MessageBox.Show( tmp + " 不是一个有效项目。请指定一个介于 1 和 255 之间的数值。");
        textBox.Text = "255";
        textBox.Focus();
        return;
       }
       textBox4.Focus();
       textBox4.SelectAll();
      }
      else if( textBox.Name == "textBox4" )
      {
       if(Int32.Parse(tmp)> 255) 
       {
        MessageBox.Show( tmp + " 不是一个有效项目。请指定一个介于 1 和 255 之间的数值。");
        textBox.Text = "255";
        textBox.Focus();
        return;
       }
       
      }
      
     }
     if(e.KeyChar == '.')
     {
       if( textBox.Name == "textBox1" && textBox.Text != "" )
      {
       textBox2.Focus();
       textBox2.SelectAll();
      }
      if( textBox.Name == "textBox2" && textBox.Text != "" )
      {
       textBox3.Focus();
       textBox3.SelectAll();
      }
      if( textBox.Name == "textBox3" && textBox.Text != "" )
      {
       textBox4.Focus();
       textBox4.SelectAll();
      }
      if( textBox.Name == "textBox4" && textBox.Text != "" )
      {
       
      }
      e.Handled = true;
     }
    }
    else
    {
     if( textBox.Name == "textBox1" && textBox.Text == "")
     {
      
     }
     if( textBox.Name == "textBox2" && textBox.Text == "")
     {
      textBox1.Focus();
      textBox1.SelectionStart = textBox1.Text.Length;
     }
     if( textBox.Name == "textBox3" && textBox.Text == "")
     {
      textBox2.Focus();
      textBox2.SelectionStart = textBox2.Text.Length;
     }
     if( textBox.Name == "textBox4" && textBox.Text == "")
     {
      textBox3.Focus();
      textBox3.SelectionStart = textBox3.Text.Length;
     }
     e.Handled = false;
    }
   }
   else
    e.Handled = true;
  }


  [Browsable(true)]
  /// <summary>
  /// 获取 IpBox 的文本。
  /// </summary>
  public new string Text
  {
   get
   {
    if( textBox1.Text == ""
     || textBox2.Text == ""
     || textBox3.Text == ""
     || textBox4.Text == "")
    {   
      _text = "";
     return _text;
    }
    else
    {
     _text = Convert.ToInt32(textBox1.Text).ToString() + "." + Convert.ToInt32(textBox2.Text).ToString() + "." + Convert.ToInt32(textBox3.Text).ToString() + "." + Convert.ToInt32(textBox4.Text).ToString();
     return _text;
    }
    
   }
  /* set  //
   {
    if(value != null)
    {
     // 255-255-255-255
     //string pattern = @"^([1-9]|/d{2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|2[0-5]{2})/.(/d{1,2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|[1-2][0-5]{2})/.(/d{1,2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|[1-2][0-5]{2})/.(/d{1,2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|[1-2][0-5]{2})$";
     // 223-255-255-255
     string pattern = @"^([1-9]|/d{2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|2[1-2][1-3])/.(/d{1,2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|[1-2][0-5]{2})/.(/d{1,2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|[1-2][0-5]{2})/.(/d{1,2}|1[0-9]{1,2}|[1-2][0-5]{2})$";

     if( !Regex.IsMatch(value , pattern) )
     {
      _text = "";
      throw new Exception("IP 地址格式错误!");
     }
     else
     {
      string[] ipnum = value.Split('.');
      textBox1.Text = ipnum[0];
      textBox2.Text = ipnum[1];
      textBox3.Text = ipnum[2];
      textBox4.Text = ipnum[3];
     }
    }

    _text = value;

   }
  */

   
  }

 }
}

最后,我们要来测试这个控件:
    
     在项目的解决方案里,右击解决方案的属性,新建一个C# 的Windows应用程序项目,取名为TestIpBox。
     双击打开 Form1.cs的设计视图,右击工具箱,“添加/移除项”,“浏览”找到刚做好的 dll ,选择,确定。把这个控件从工具箱里拖到Form1的设计视图里。
把 TestIpBox 设成启动项目,按 F5 测试。

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