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2.11 - [lex.key] - 【词法.关键字】

发表于2004/10/31 5:23:00  1289人阅读

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2 Lexical conventions [lex]

2.11 Keywords [lex.key]

 

2 词法约定 【词法】

2.11 关键字 【词法.关键字】

 

The identifiers shown in Table 3 are reserved for use as keywords (that is, they are unconditionally treated as keywords in phase 7):

Table 3 - keywords

asm do if return typedef
auto double inline short typeid
bool dynamic_cast int signed typename
break else long sizeof union
case enum mutable static unsigned
catch explicit namespace static_cast using
char export new struct virtual
class extern operator switch void
const false private template volatile
const_cast float protected this wchar_t
continue for public throw while
default friend register true  
delete goto reinterpret_cast try  

 

表格 3 中出示的标识符被保留作为关键字(也就是说,它们在第 7 阶段中无条件地按关键字处理):

表格 3 - 关键字

asm do if return typedef
auto double inline short typeid
bool dynamic_cast int signed typename
break else long sizeof union
case enum mutable static unsigned
catch explicit namespace static_cast using
char export new struct virtual
class extern operator switch void
const false private template volatile
const_cast float protected this wchar_t
continue for public throw while
default friend register true  
delete goto reinterpret_cast try  

 

Furthermore, the alternative representations shown in Table 4 for certain operators and punctuators (2.5) are reserved and shall not be used otherwise:

Table 4 - alternative representations

and and_eq bitand bitor compl not
not_eq or or_eq xor xor_eq  

 

此外,表格 4 中列出的某些运算符和标点的候选表示符号(2.5)被保留,也不能使用。

表格 4 - 候选表示符号

and and_eq bitand bitor compl not
not_eq or or_eq xor xor_eq  

 

20) On systems in which linkers cannot accept extended characters, an encoding of the universal-character-name may be used in forming valid external identifiers. For example, some otherwise unused character or sequence of characters may be used to encode the /u in a universal-character-name. Extended characters may produce a long external identifier, but C++ does not place a translation limit on significant characters for external identifiers. In C++, upper- and lower-case letters are considered different for all identifiers.

 

20) 在那些连接器不能接受扩展字符的系统中,可能需要将统一字符名称编码以产生有效的外部标识符。例如,用某些其他的未用字符或字符序列为统一字符名称中的 /u 编码。扩展字符可能产生很长的外部标识符,但 C++ 不对外部标识符的字符数量设置翻译限制。在 C++ 中,标识符中的大写和小写字母被认为是不同的。

 

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