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CET高频考点之——将来完成时

发表于2004/10/15 11:44:00  1047人阅读

分类: 英语-CET

2001年6月四级测试题第31题是:By the time he arrives in Beijing, we____here for two days.
A) will have stayed           C) have been staying
B) shall stay                      D) have stayed

『分析』本题考核谓语动词的时态。全句的意思是:“等他到达北京的时候,我们将在这里(已经)呆了两天。”句中by the time he arrives 等他(将要)到达北京的时候,表示动作要延续到将来某一时刻,要用将来完成时,因此答案是A。

『注意事项』由于这种时态我们汉语中没有,如果按照英文字面翻译,有些不合乎我们的习惯,所以,这种时态的译文往往是取其一种时态,或是将来时,或是完成时。同学们受语言的负迁移影响,在选择时常常受母语的干扰,选错答案。下文就这一内容作一总结:

『形式』将来完成时的肯定式为will have done;否定式为 won't have done;被动语态为 will have been done

『用法』表示从将来的某一时间开始、延续到另一个将来时间的动作或状态,或是发生在某个将来时间,但对其后的另一个将来时间有影响的动作或状态。

『常用时间状语』by the end of this year 到今年年底;by then 到那时;by this time next year 到明年这个时候;by the time 后接一个谓语动词为一般现在时的定语从句(实际上是表示将来的时间)等等。

『例句』
How many words shall we have learned by the end of the term? 到期末时,我们将/已经学会多少单词?
You needn't hurry me. I will have finished it by the time you are ready.你不必催我。等你准备好了,我就已经做完了。

下面五题为历届全真试题,同学们不妨做一做,以便加深印象。
『练习』
My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there _____by then.
A) would leave       C) has left              B) will have left              D) had left

99/1/47 B    我乘坐的火车今晚八点到达纽约。到那时,我想在那儿搭乘的飞机将已经离开。

The conference ______ a full week by the time it ends.
A)  must have lasted     C) would last              B)will have lasted           D) has lasted
1997/1/22B  这次会议至结束将持续整整一个星期。

By the end of the year all but two people ______.
A) have left     C) will be leaving         B) will leave          D) will have left
1994/1/42D   到今年年底,除两人外,其他所有人都将离去。

By the end of this month, we surely _____a satisfactory solution to the problem.
A) have found         C) will have found               B) will be finding           D) may have
1993/6/45C    在月底之前,我们一定将会找到解决问题的满意办法。

Pick me up at 8 o'clock. I ______ my bath by then.
A) will have had         C) can have had             B) will be having            D) may have
1992/1/67A    你八点来接我吧。到那时我就已经洗完澡了。
 
           
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