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JDK 1.5 特性使用实例4--Enum

发表于2004/10/10 11:49:00  928人阅读

分类: Web 开发技术

 

JDK 1.5中,Enum有两种类型,EnumSet EnumMap

 

实例1 . Demo.java

 

package maoxiang.examples.jdk15.Enum;

 

import java.util.EnumSet;

 

/**

* @author 毛翔

*

* EnumSet

* EnumMap

*

*/

public class Demo {

enum Day { SUNDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY }

public static void main(String[] args) {

Demo demo=new Demo();

demo.Test1();

}

 

public void Test1(){

 

for (Day d : EnumSet.range(Day.MONDAY, Day.FRIDAY))

System.out.println(d);

 

}

}

 

实例2. Card.java

 

package maoxiang.examples.jdk15.Enum;

 

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.List;

 

/**

* @author 毛翔

*

*/

public class Card {

 

public enum Rank { DEUCE, THREE, FOUR, FIVE, SIX,

SEVEN, EIGHT, NINE, TEN, JACK, QUEEN, KING, ACE }

 

public enum Suit { CLUBS, DIAMONDS, HEARTS, SPADES }

 

private final Rank rank;

private final Suit suit;

private Card(Rank rank, Suit suit) {

this.rank = rank;

this.suit = suit;

}

 

public Rank rank() { return rank; }

public Suit suit() { return suit; }

public String toString() { return rank + " of " + suit; }

 

private static final List<Card> protoDeck = new ArrayList<Card>();

 

// Initialize prototype deck

static {

for (Suit suit : Suit.values())

for (Rank rank : Rank.values())

protoDeck.add(new Card(rank, suit));

}

 

public static ArrayList<Card> newDeck() {

return new ArrayList<Card>(protoDeck); // Return copy of prototype deck

}

}

 

实例3.Operation.java

package maoxiang.examples.jdk15.Enum;

 

public enum Operation {

PLUS   { double eval(double x, double y) { return x + y; } },

MINUS  { double eval(double x, double y) { return x - y; } },

TIMES  { double eval(double x, double y) { return x * y; } },

DIVIDE { double eval(double x, double y) { return x / y; } };

 

// Do arithmetic op represented by this constant

abstract double eval(double x, double y);

public static void main(String args[]) {

double x = Double.parseDouble(args[0]);

double y = Double.parseDouble(args[1]);

for (Operation op : Operation.values())

System.out.printf("%f %s %f = %f%n", x, op, y, op.eval(x, y));

}

 

}

 

实例4  Planet.java

 

package maoxiang.examples.jdk15.Enum;

 

/**

* @author 毛翔

*

*/

public enum Planet {

MERCURY (3.303e+23, 2.4397e6),

VENUS   (4.869e+24, 6.0518e6),

EARTH   (5.976e+24, 6.37814e6),

MARS

(6.421e+23, 3.3972e6),

JUPITER (1.9e+27,   7.1492e7),

SATURN  (5.688e+26, 6.0268e7),

URANUS  (8.686e+25, 2.5559e7),

NEPTUNE (1.024e+26, 2.4746e7),

PLUTO   (1.27e+22,  1.137e6);

 

private final double mass;   // in kilograms

private final double radius; // in meters

Planet(double mass, double radius) {

this.mass = mass;

this.radius = radius;

}

private double mass()   { return mass; }

private double radius() { return radius; }

 

// universal gravitational constant  (m3 kg-1 s-2)

public static final double G = 6.67300E-11;

 

double surfaceGravity() {

return G * mass / (radius * radius);

}

double surfaceWeight(double otherMass) {

return otherMass * surfaceGravity();

}

public static void main(String[] args) {

double earthWeight = Double.parseDouble(args[0]);

double mass = earthWeight/EARTH.surfaceGravity();

for (Planet p : Planet.values())

System.out.printf("Your weight on %s is %f%n",

p, p.surfaceWeight(mass));

}

 

}

 

 

 

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