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哈夫曼编/译码演示系统的C程序

发表于2004/7/13 17:59:00  2014人阅读


/*====================================================*/
/*                                                    */
/* huffman.c(pp) - a huffman arithmetic demonstration */
/* smith_135@163.com                                  */
/* QQ: 58101543                                       */
/* version 0.9                                        */
/* copyright (c) meteor135                            */
/* 2004.7.13  v0.10                                   */
/* 2004.11.19 v0.11                                   */
/*                                                    */
/*====================================================*/

#include<stdio.h>   /* for size_t, printf()            */
#include<conio.h>   /* for getch()                     */
#include<ctype.h>   /* for tolower()                   */
#include<malloc.h>  /* for malloc(), calloc(), free()  */
#include<string.h>  /* for memmove(), strcpy()         */

/*树结构和全局结构指针*/
struct node
{
    int num;/*结点编号*/
    char c;
    int weight;
    int parent;
    int lchild,rchild;
} * ht;

/*常量文件名*/
const char *TableFileName    = "HfmTbl.txt";
const char *SourceFileName   = "SrcText.txt";
const char *CodeFileName     = "HfmCode.txt";
const char *DecodeFileName   = "DecodeText.txt";
const char *TreeViewFileName = "TreeView.txt";
/*打印格式字符串常量*/
const char *PrintFormatStr = "%4d %13c %13d %13d %13d %13d/r/n";
/*读取格式字符串常量*/
const char *ReadFormatStr  = "%d %c %d %d %d %d";
/*打印参数宏*/
#define PRINT_PARAM(i) ht[(i)].num,ht[(i)].c,ht[(i)].weight,/
        ht[(i)].parent,ht[(i)].lchild,ht[(i)].rchild
/*读取参数宏*/
#define READ_PARAM(i) &ht[(i)].num,&ht[(i)].c,&ht[(i)].weight,/
        &ht[(i)].parent,&ht[(i)].lchild,&ht[(i)].rchild
        
/*打印格式和参数宏*/
#define READ_FORMAT_PARAM(i) ReadFormatStr,READ_PARAM(i)
/*读取格式和参数宏*/
#define PRINT_FORMAT_PARAM(i) PrintFormatStr,PRINT_PARAM(i)


/************************************************************/
/**              UTILITY FUNCTIONS                         **/
/************************************************************/
/*内存交换函数,用于结构体变量交换*/
void MemSwap(void *buf1, void *buf2, size_t buflen)
{
    if(buf1!=buf2)
    {
        void *p = malloc(buflen);
        memmove(p,buf1,buflen);
        memmove(buf1,buf2,buflen);
        memmove(buf2,p,buflen);
        free(p);
    }
}

/*打印表*/
void PrintHT(int from, int to)
{
    int i;
    for(i=from;i<=to;i++)
    {
        printf(PRINT_FORMAT_PARAM(i));
    }
    printf("/n");
}

/*选择法排序*/
void SelectSort(int from, int to)
{
    int i,j,k;
    for(i=from;i< to; i++)
    {
        for(k=i,j=i+1;j<=to;j++)
            if(ht[j].weight<ht[k].weight)
                k=j;
        if(k!=i)
            MemSwap(&ht[k],&ht[i],sizeof(struct node));
        PrintHT(from,to);
    }
}

/*释放ht*/
void free_ht()
{
    if(ht != NULL)
    {
        free(ht);
        ht = NULL;
    }
}

/*从文件读取数据保存到全局堆中,调用方要记得释放*/
int ReadFromFile()
{
    int i;
    int m;
    FILE *h;
    
    if((h=fopen(TableFileName,"r"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n", TableFileName);
        getch();
        return 0;
    }
    fscanf(h,"%d",&m);
    free_ht();
    ht=(struct node *)calloc(m+1,sizeof(struct node));
    //printf("%d/n",m);
    for(i=1;i<=m;i++)
    {
        fscanf(h,READ_FORMAT_PARAM(i));
       // printf(PRINT_FORMAT_PARAM(i));
    }
    fclose(h);
    return m;
}

/*吃掉无效的垃圾字符*/
void EatCharsUntilNewLine()
{
    while(getchar()!='/n')
        continue;
}

/*按节点序号重新排序*/
void SortByNum(int m)
{
    int i = 0, j;
    size_t len = sizeof(struct node);
    for(i = 1; i < m; i ++)
    {
        for(j = i + 1; j <= m; j ++ )
        {
            if (ht[j].num == i)
            {
                MemSwap(&ht[i],&ht[j],len);
                break;
            }
        }
    }
}
/************************************************************/
/**              COMMAND INSTRUCTION FUNCTIONS             **/
/************************************************************/
/*初始化并写入文件*/
void Initialize()
{
    int i=0,x=0,y=0,n,m;
    FILE *h;

    puts("input the number of the total char n:");
    scanf("%d",&n);
    EatCharsUntilNewLine();

    m=2*n-1;
    ht=(struct node *)calloc(m+1,sizeof(struct node));

    /*遍历叶子结点进行初始化*/
    for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
    {
        puts("input a char:");
        scanf("%c",&ht[i].c);
        EatCharsUntilNewLine();
        
        puts("input the weight of this char:");
        scanf("%d",&ht[i].weight);        
        EatCharsUntilNewLine();

        ht[i].num=i;
    }
    PrintHT(1,n);

    for(i=n+1;i<=m;i++) /*adding  branch */
    {
        ht[i].c='$';
        ht[i].num=i;
    }
    PrintHT(n+1,m);

    /*用选择法将第1到n个元素从小到大排序*/
    SelectSort(1,n);
    PrintHT(1,n);

    for(x=1,i=n+1;i<=m;i++,x+=2)
    {
        y=x+1;
        ht[x].parent=ht[y].parent=i;
        ht[i].lchild=ht[x].num;
        ht[i].rchild=ht[y].num;
        ht[i].weight=ht[x].weight+ht[y].weight;
        /*排序*/
        SelectSort(1, i);
    }

    /*察看排序效果*/
    PrintHT(1,m);
    getch();

    SortByNum(m);
    /*察看恢复序号效果*/
    PrintHT(1,m);
    getch();
    
    /*数据写入文件并输出至屏幕*/
    if((h=fopen(TableFileName,"wb"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n", TableFileName);
        getch();
        return;
    }
    printf("The huffmantree is:/n");
    printf("   number      character      weight        parent         lchild         rchild/n");

    /*首行写入数据行数*/
    fprintf(h,"%d/r/n",m);
    /*循环写入每行同时向屏幕输出*/
    for(i=1;i<=m;i++)
    {
        printf(PRINT_FORMAT_PARAM(i));
        fprintf(h,PRINT_FORMAT_PARAM(i));
    }
    free_ht();
    fclose(h);
}
/*编码并写入文件*/
void Encode()
{
    int i,mm,c,f,start;
    char wr,*cd = (char *)NULL, ch;
    char **HC = (char **)NULL;
    FILE *fp1, *fp2;
    int m = ReadFromFile();
    int n = (m+1)/2;
    
    if(HC!=NULL) free(HC);
    HC=(char **)calloc(n+1,sizeof(char *));
    if(HC==NULL) return;

    if(cd!=NULL) free(cd);
    cd=(char *)calloc(n,sizeof(char));
    if(cd==NULL) return;

    for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
    {
        start=n-1;
        for(c=i,f=ht[i].parent; f!=0; c=f,f=ht[f].parent)
        {
            /*cd[--start]='1'-(ht[f].lchild==c);*/
            if(ht[f].lchild==c)
                cd[--start]='0';
            else
                cd[--start]='1';
        }

        HC[i]=(char *)malloc((n-start)*sizeof(char));
        strcpy(HC[i],&cd[start]);
    }
    free(cd);
    
    for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
        printf("%c----%s/n",ht[i].c,HC[i]);

    printf("IF input the file tobetran select A or a, ELSE read from %s./n",SourceFileName);
    printf("PLEASE INPUT:");
    scanf("%c",&wr);

    if(wr=='a'||wr=='A')
    {
        if((fp1=fopen(SourceFileName,"w+"))==NULL)
        {
            printf("cannot open %s/n", SourceFileName);
            getch();
            return;
        }
        printf("Please input the tobetran:(end with '#')/n");
        ch=getch();
        while(ch!='#')
        {
            fputc(ch,fp1);
            putchar(ch);
            ch=getch();
        }
        rewind(fp1);
        printf("/n");
    }
    else
    {
        if((fp1=fopen(SourceFileName,"r"))==NULL)
        {
            printf("cannot open %s/n", SourceFileName);
            getch();
            return;
        }
    }
    if((fp2=fopen(CodeFileName,"w"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n", CodeFileName);
        getch();
        return;
    }
    while(!feof(fp1))
    {
        ch=fgetc(fp1);
        for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
            if(ht[i].c==ch)
                for(mm=0;HC[i][mm]!='/0';mm++)
                {
                    fputc(HC[i][mm],fp2);
                    printf("%c",HC[i][mm]);
                }
    }
    printf("/n");
    for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
        fprintf(fp1,"/r/n%c----%s",ht[i].c,HC[i]);
    for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
        fprintf(fp2,"/r/n%s----%c",HC[i],ht[i].c);
    for(i = 1; i <= n; i ++)
    {
        free(HC[i]);
    }
    free(HC);
    free_ht();
    fclose(fp1);
    fclose(fp2);
}
/*解码写入文件并输出*/
void Decode()
{
    FILE *CodeFileP, *TextFileP;
    char ch = '/0';
    int f;
    int m = ReadFromFile();
    f = m;
    if((CodeFileP=fopen(CodeFileName,"r"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n", CodeFileName);
        getch();
        return;
    }
    if((TextFileP=fopen(DecodeFileName,"w"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n", DecodeFileName);
        getch();
        return;
    }

    while(!feof(CodeFileP)&&ch!='/n')
    {
        ch=fgetc(CodeFileP);  
        if(ch=='0')
            f=ht[f].lchild;
        if(ch=='1')
            f=ht[f].rchild;
        if(!ht[f].lchild&&!ht[f].rchild)
        {
            fputc(ht[f].c,TextFileP);
            printf("%c",ht[f].c);
            f=m;
        }
    }
    free_ht();
    fclose(CodeFileP);
    fclose(TextFileP);
    printf("/n");
}
/*不解码直接输出文件中的huffman编码*/
void PrintCode()
{
    int i=0;
    char ch = 0;
    FILE *CodeFileP;
    if((CodeFileP=fopen(CodeFileName,"r"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n",CodeFileName);
        getch();
        return;
    }
    while(!feof(CodeFileP)&&ch!='/n')
    {
        if(i++==50)
        {
            printf("/n");
            i=0;
        }
        ch=fgetc(CodeFileP);
        printf("%c",ch);
    }
    printf("/n");
    fclose(CodeFileP);
}

/*输出Huffman树*/
void PrintTree()
{
    int i,k,top,p;
    int *level,*stack;
    FILE *TreePrintFileP;
    int m = ReadFromFile();
    int n = (m+1)/2;

    if((TreePrintFileP=fopen(TreeViewFileName,"w"))==NULL)
    {
        printf("cannot open %s/n", TreeViewFileName);
        getch();
        return;
    }

    printf("THE HUFFMANTREE IS :/n");
    fprintf(TreePrintFileP,"THE HUFFMANTREE IS :/n");
    level=(int *)malloc(n*sizeof(int));
    stack=(int *)malloc(n*sizeof(int));

    if(m!=0)
    {
        top=1;
        stack[top]=m;
        level[top]=3;
        while(top>0)
        {
            p=stack[top];   
            k=level[top];    
            for(i=1;i<=k;i++)
            {
                printf(" ");
                fprintf(TreePrintFileP," ");
            }
            printf("%d/n",ht[p].weight);
            fprintf(TreePrintFileP,"%d/n",ht[p].weight);
            top--;
            if(ht[p].rchild!=0)
            {
                top++;
                stack[top]=ht[p].rchild;
                level[top]=k+3;
            }
            if(ht[p].lchild!=0)
            {
                top++;    
                stack[top]=ht[p].lchild;
                level[top]=k+3;
            }
        }
    }
    free(level);
    free(stack);
    fclose(TreePrintFileP);
}

int prompt()
{
    char en;
    puts("/n******************* huffman arithmetic demonstration *****************");
    puts("i/I---Initialize     e/E---encode   p/P---print file's code");
    puts("t/T---print hfmtree  d/D---decode   q/Q---quit program");
    puts("******************* huffman arithmetic demonstration *****************");
    puts("please choose a menu item and press enter to continue.");
    printf(">");
    scanf("%c",&en);
    EatCharsUntilNewLine();
    return tolower(en);
}

void main()
{
    while(1)
    {
        switch(prompt())
        {
            case 'i':
                Initialize();
                break;
            case 'e':
                Encode();
                break;
            case 'd':
                Decode();
                break;
            case 'p':
                PrintCode();
                break;
            case 't':
                PrintTree();
                break;
            case 'q':
                free_ht();
                return;
        }
    }
}

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