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能是最快的算法alpha blend汇编源代码

发表于2003/9/9 9:07:00  1094人阅读

分类: Microsoft技术

Intel官方网站有一个ablend_565的快速汇编算法,理论上是是把一块32bit RGBA渲染到16bitbuffer上,我的机器是PIII800,函数在system menory中进行,640*480256alpha blending,达到100fps,我想可以满足绝大部分的要求了,在这里,我提供了这个算法的应用,希望可以对大家有所帮助。

ablend_565
函数,源代码可以直接编译使用,无需其他库函数,感谢intel提供这么好的东西。
首先,我提供一些本人编写的把32bit tga文件读入pRGBABuffer的函数
文件尺寸保存在 width,height

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: LoadTgaFile( TCHAR* strPathname, DWORD** pRGBABuffer, long* width, long* height )
// Desc:
读取32bit tga文件到DWORD缓冲里,返回其尺寸
// Time: 2002.06.22 00:36
// Author: RealRender
// Para:
// Return:
// Note:
这段代码来自directx 7.0 sample中的d3dtextr.cpp,我把他提取了出来
//
方便使用
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
BOOL LoadTgaFile( TCHAR* strPathname, DWORD** pRGBABuffer, long* width, long* height )
{
FILE* file = fopen( strPathname, "rb" );
if( NULL == file )
return false;

struct TargaHeader
{
BYTE IDLength;
BYTE ColormapType;
BYTE ImageType;
BYTE ColormapSpecification[5];
WORD XOrigin;
WORD YOrigin;
WORD ImageWidth;
WORD ImageHeight;
BYTE PixelDepth;
BYTE ImageDescriptor;
} tga;

fread( &tga, sizeof(TargaHeader), 1, file );

// Only true color, non-mapped images are supported
if( ( 0 != tga.ColormapType ) ||
( tga.ImageType != 10 && tga.ImageType != 2 ) )
{
fclose( file );
return false;
}

// Skip the ID field. The first byte of the header is the length of this field
if( tga.IDLength )
fseek( file, tga.IDLength, SEEK_CUR );

DWORD m_dwWidth = tga.ImageWidth;
DWORD m_dwHeight = tga.ImageHeight;
DWORD m_dwBPP = tga.PixelDepth;
DWORD *m_pRGBAData = new DWORD[m_dwWidth*m_dwHeight];

if( m_pRGBAData == NULL )
{
fclose(file);
return false;
}

for( DWORD y=0; y
{
DWORD dwOffset = y*m_dwWidth;

if( 0 == ( tga.ImageDescriptor & 0x0010 ) )
dwOffset = (m_dwHeight-y-1)*m_dwWidth;

for( DWORD x=0; x
{
if( tga.ImageType == 10 )
{
BYTE PacketInfo = getc( file );
WORD PacketType = 0x80 & PacketInfo;
WORD PixelCount = ( 0x007f & PacketInfo ) + 1;

if( PacketType )
{
DWORD b = getc( file );
DWORD g = getc( file );
DWORD r = getc( file );
DWORD a = 0xff;
if( m_dwBPP == 32 )
a = getc( file );

while( PixelCount-- )
{
m_pRGBAData[dwOffset+x] = (r<<24L)+(g<<16L)+(b<<8L)+(a);
x++;
}
}
else
{
while( PixelCount-- )
{
BYTE b = getc( file );
BYTE g = getc( file );
BYTE r = getc( file );
BYTE a = 0xff;
if( m_dwBPP == 32 )
a = getc( file );

m_pRGBAData[dwOffset+x] = (r<<24L)+(g<<16L)+(b<<8L)+(a);
x++;
}
}
}
else
{
BYTE b = getc( file );
BYTE g = getc( file );
BYTE r = getc( file );
BYTE a = 0xff;
if( m_dwBPP == 32 )
a = getc( file );

m_pRGBAData[dwOffset+x] = (r<<24L)+(g<<16L)+(b<<8L)+(a);
x++;
}
}
}

fclose( file );

// Check for alpha content
for( DWORD i=0; i<(m_dwWidth*m_dwHeight); i++ )
{
if( m_pRGBAData[i] & 0x000000ff != 0xff )
{
//m_bHasAlpha = TRUE;
break;
}
}

*pRGBABuffer = m_pRGBAData;
*width = m_dwWidth;
*height = m_dwHeight;
return true;
}

32bit buffer分割为rgbalpha的代码。

 

 

注意,分割后的pBitmap一定要是8字节对齐,这是优化的一个重要条件,所以,我的算法中:

BYTE* p = new BYTE[lSize*2+8];
BYTE* pOrig = p;
p += (DWORD)p%8;
WORD* color = (WORD*)p;


这是不规范的写法,把指针强行改变为8位对齐,实际使用的时候,要记住释放的原始指针不是p,而是pOrig,在这里,我没有释放分配的内存,请谅解。

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: SplitRGBA( DWORD* pRGBABuffer, LPBYTE* pAlpha, LPWORD* pBitmap, long lWidth, long lHeight )
// Desc:
// Time: 2002.06.22 00:36
// Author: RealRender
// Para:
// Return:
// Note:
把从32bit的缓冲建立16bit565缓冲和8bitalpha通道
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------
void SplitRGBA( DWORD* pRGBABuffer, LPBYTE* pAlpha, LPWORD* pBitmap, long lWidth, long lHeight )
{
long lSize = lWidth*lHeight;
BYTE* alpha = new BYTE[lSize];
BYTE* p = new BYTE[lSize*2+8];
//
强行转换为8字节对齐
p += (DWORD)p%8;
WORD* color = (WORD*)p;

DWORD dwPixel;
DWORD r, g, b, a;
for( int i = 0; i < lSize; i++ )
{
dwPixel = pRGBABuffer[i];
r = ((dwPixel>>24)&0x000000ff);
g = ((dwPixel>>16)&0x000000ff);
b = ((dwPixel>> 8)&0x000000ff);
a = ((dwPixel>> 0)&0x000000ff);

alpha[i] = a;
// 888i
转化为565
color[i] = RGBTo16( r, g, b );
}
*pAlpha = alpha;
*pBitmap = color;
}

//


这个视intel官方提供的函数,函数的描述,用我的话来说就是把一个带有256alpha通道的565颜色数据绘制到16位目标页面。

 

 

函数说明:

unsigned char *lpAlpha, // 256
alpha通道
unsigned int iAlpPitch, // alpha
通道的pitch
unsigned char *lpSrc, //
原色彩缓冲
unsigned int iSrcX, //
unsigned int iSrcY, //
原色彩位置
unsigned int iSrcPitch, //
原色彩pitch
unsigned char *lpDst, //
目标缓冲
unsigned int iDstX,
unsigned int iDstY, //
目标位置
unsigned int iDstW,
unsigned int iDstH, //
目标缓冲的尺寸
unsigned int iDstPitch //
目标缓冲的pitch

void ablend_565(unsigned char *lpAlpha,unsigned int iAlpPitch,
unsigned char *lpSrc,unsigned int iSrcX, unsigned int iSrcY,
unsigned int iSrcPitch, unsigned char *lpDst,
unsigned int iDstX, unsigned int iDstY,
unsigned int iDstW, unsigned int iDstH,
unsigned int iDstPitch)
{
//Mask for isolating the red,green, and blue components

static __int64 MASKB=0x001F001F001F001F;

static __int64 MASKG=0x07E007E007E007E0;

static __int64 MASKSHIFTG=0x03F003F003F003F0;

static __int64 MASKR=0xF800F800F800F800;

//constants used by the integer alpha blending equation

static __int64 SIXTEEN=0x0010001000100010;

static __int64 FIVETWELVE=0x0200020002000200;

static __int64 SIXONES=0x003F003F003F003F;

unsigned char *lpLinearDstBp=(iDstX<<1)+(iDstY*iDstPitch)+lpDst; //base pointer for linear destination

unsigned char *lpLinearSrcBp=(iSrcX<<1)+(iSrcY*iSrcPitch)+lpSrc; //base pointer for linear source

unsigned char *lpLinearAlpBp=iSrcX+(iSrcY*iAlpPitch)+lpAlpha; //base pointer for linear alpha

_asm{

mov esi,lpLinearSrcBp; //src

mov edi,lpLinearDstBp; //dst

mov eax,lpLinearAlpBp; //alpha

mov ecx,iDstH; //ecx=number of lines to copy

mov ebx,iDstW; //ebx=span width to copy

test esi,6; //check if source address is qword aligned

//since addr coming in is always word aligned(16bit)

jnz done; //if not qword aligned we don't do anything

primeloop:

movd mm1,[eax]; //mm1=00 00 00 00 a3 a2 a1 a0

pxor mm2,mm2; //mm2=0;

movq mm4,[esi]; //g1: mm4=src3 src2 src1 src0

punpcklbw mm1,mm2; //mm1=00a3 00a2 00a1 00a0

loopqword:

mov edx,[eax];

test ebx,0xFFFFFFFC; //check if only 3 pixels left

jz checkback; //3 or less pixels left

//early out tests

cmp edx,0xffffffff; //test for alpha value of 1

je copyback; //if 1's copy the source pixels to the destination

test edx,0xffffffff; //test for alpha value of 0

jz leavefront; //if so go to the next 4 pixels

//the alpha blend starts

//green

//i=a*sg+(63-a)*dg;

//i=(i+32)+((i+32)>>6)>>6;

//red

//i=a*sr+(31-a)*dr;

//i=(i+16)+((i+16)>>5)>>5;

movq mm5,[edi]; //g2: mm5=dst3 dst2 dst1 dst0

psrlw mm1,2; //mm1=a?>>2 nuke out lower 2 bits

movq mm7,MASKSHIFTG; //g3: mm7=1 bit shifted green mask

psrlw mm4,1; //g3a: move src green down by 1 so that we won't overflow

movq mm0,mm1; //mm0=00a3 00a2 00a1 00a0

psrlw mm5,1; //g3b: move dst green down by 1 so that we won't overflow

psrlw mm1,1; //mm1=a?>>1 nuke out lower 1 bits

pand mm4,mm7; //g5: mm4=sg3 sg2 sg1 sg0

movq mm2,SIXONES;//g4: mm2=63

pand mm5,mm7; //g7: mm5=dg3 dg2 dg1 dg0

movq mm3,[esi]; //b1: mm3=src3 src2 src1 src0

psubsb mm2,mm0; //g6: mm2=63-a3 63-a2 63-a1 63-a0

movq mm7,MASKB; //b2: mm7=BLUE MASK

pmullw mm4,mm0; //g8: mm4=sg?*a?

movq mm0,[edi]; //b3: mm0=dst3 dst2 dst1 dst0

pmullw mm5,mm2; //g9: mm5=dg?*(1-a?)

movq mm2,mm7; //b4: mm2=fiveones

pand mm3,mm7; //b4: mm3=sb3 sb2 sb1 sb0

pmullw mm3,mm1; //b6: mm3=sb?*a?

pand mm0,mm7; //b5: mm0=db3 db2 db1 db0

movq mm7,[esi]; //r1: mm7=src3 src2 src1 src0

paddw mm4,mm5; //g10: mm4=sg?*a?+dg?*(1-a?)

pand mm7,MASKR; //r2: mm7=sr3 sr2 sr1 sr0
 

psubsb mm2,mm1; //b5a: mm2=31-a3 31-a2 31-a1 31-a0

paddw mm4,FIVETWELVE; //g11: mm4=(mm4+512) green

pmullw mm0,mm2; //b7: mm0=db?*(1-a?)

movq mm5,mm4; //g12: mm5=mm4 green

psrlw mm7,11; //r4: shift src red down to position 0

psrlw mm4,6; //g13: mm4=mm4>>6

paddw mm4,mm5; //g14: mm4=mm4+mm5 green

paddw mm0,mm3; //b8: mm0=sb?*a?+db?*(1-a?)

movq mm5,[edi]; //r3: mm5=dst3 dst2 dst1 dst0

paddw mm0,SIXTEEN; //b9: mm0=(mm0+16) blue

pand mm5,MASKR; //r5: mm5=dr3 dr2 dr1 dr0

psrlw mm4,5; //g15: mm4=0?g0 0?g0 0?g0 0?g0 green

movq mm3,mm0; //b10: mm3=mm0 blue

psrlw mm0,5; //b11: mm0=mm0>>5 blue

psrlw mm5,11; //r6: shift dst red down to position 0

paddw mm0,mm3; //b12: mm0=mm3+mm0 blue

psrlw mm0,5; //b13: mm0=000b 000b 000b 000b blue

pmullw mm7,mm1; //mm7=sr?*a?

pand mm4,MASKG; //g16: mm4=00g0 00g0 00g0 00g0 green

pmullw mm5,mm2; //r7: mm5=dr?*(31-a?)

por mm0,mm4; //mm0=00gb 00gb 00gb 00gb

add eax,4; //move to next 4 alphas

add esi,8; //move to next 4 pixels in src

add edi,8; //move to next 4 pixels in dst

movd mm1,[eax]; //mm1=00 00 00 00 a3 a2 a1 a0

paddw mm5,mm7; //r8: mm5=sr?*a?+dr?*(31-a?)

paddw mm5,SIXTEEN; //r9: mm5=(mm5+16) red

pxor mm2,mm2; //mm2=0;

movq mm7,mm5; //r10: mm7=mm5 red

psrlw mm5,5; //r11: mm5=mm5>>5 red

movq mm4,[esi]; //g1: mm4=src3 src2 src1 src0

paddw mm5,mm7; //r12: mm5=mm7+mm5 red

punpcklbw mm1,mm2; //mm1=00a3 00a2 00a1 00a0

psrlw mm5,5; //r13: mm5=mm5>>5 red

psllw mm5,11; //r14: mm5=mm5<<10 red

por mm0,mm5; //mm0=0rgb 0rgb 0rgb 0rgb

sub ebx,4; //polished off 4 pixels

movq [edi-8],mm0; //dst=0rgb 0rgb 0rgb 0rgb

jmp loopqword; //go back to start

copyback:

movq [edi],mm4; //copy source to destination

leavefront:

add edi,8; //advance destination by 4 pixels

add eax,4; //advance alpha by 4

add esi,8; //advance source by 4 pixels

sub ebx,4; //decrease pixel count by 4

jmp primeloop;

checkback:

test ebx,0xFF; //check if 0 pixels left

jz nextline; //done with this span

//backalign: //work out back end pixels

movq mm5,[edi]; //g2: mm5=dst3 dst2 dst1 dst0

psrlw mm1,2; //mm1=a?>>2 nuke out lower 2 bits

movq mm7,MASKSHIFTG; //g3: mm7=shift 1 bit green mask

psrlw mm4,1; //g3a: move src green down by 1 so that we won't overflow

movq mm0,mm1; //mm0=00a3 00a2 00a1 00a0

psrlw mm5,1; //g3b: move dst green down by 1 so that we won't overflow

psrlw mm1,1; //mm1=a?>>1 nuke out lower 1 bits

pand mm4,mm7; //g5: mm4=sg3 sg2 sg1 sg0

movq mm2,SIXONES;//g4: mm2=63

pand mm5,mm7; //g7: mm5=dg3 dg2 dg1 dg0

movq mm3,[esi]; //b1: mm3=src3 src2 src1 src0

psubsb mm2,mm0; //g6: mm2=63-a3 63-a2 63-a1 63-a0

movq mm7,MASKB; //b2: mm7=BLUE MASK

pmullw mm4,mm0; //g8: mm4=sg?*a?

movq mm0,[edi]; //b3: mm0=dst3 dst2 dst1 dst0

pmullw mm5,mm2; //g9: mm5=dg?*(1-a?)

movq mm2,mm7; //b4: mm2=fiveones

pand mm3,mm7; //b4: mm3=sr3 sr2 sr1 sr0

pmullw mm3,mm1; //b6: mm3=sb?*a?

pand mm0,mm7; //b5: mm0=db3 db2 db1 db0

movq mm7,[esi]; //r1: mm7=src3 src2 src1 src0

paddw mm4,mm5; //g10: mm4=sg?*a?+dg?*(1-a?)

pand mm7,MASKR; //r2: mm7=sr3 sr2 sr1 sr0

psubsb mm2,mm1; //b5a: mm2=31-a3 31-a2 31-a1 31-a0

paddw mm4,FIVETWELVE; //g11: mm4=(i+512) green

pmullw mm0,mm2; //b7: mm0=db?*(1-a?)

movq mm5,mm4; //g12: mm5=(i+512) green

psrlw mm7,11; //r4: shift src red down to position 0

psrlw mm4,6; //g13: mm4=(i+512)>>6

paddw mm4,mm5; //g14: mm4=(i+512)+((i+512)>>6) green

paddw mm0,mm3; //b8: mm0=sb?*a?+db?*(1-a?)

movq mm5,[edi]; //r3: mm5=dst3 dst2 dst1 dst0

paddw mm0,SIXTEEN; //b9: mm0=(i+16) blue

pand mm5,MASKR; //r5: mm5=dr3 dr2 dr1 dr0

psrlw mm4,5; //g15: mm4=0?g0 0?g0 0?g0 0?g0 green

movq mm3,mm0; //b10: mm3=(i+16) blue

psrlw mm0,5; //b11: mm0=(i+16)>>5 blue

psrlw mm5,11; //r6: shift dst red down to position 0

paddw mm0,mm3; //b12: mm0=(i+16)+(i+16)>>5 blue

psrlw mm0,5; //b13: mm0=000r 000r 000r 000r blue

pmullw mm7,mm1; //mm7=sr?*a?

pand mm4,MASKG; //g16: mm4=00g0 00g0 00g0 00g0 green

pmullw mm5,mm2; //r7: mm5=dr?*(31-a?)

por mm0,mm4; //mm0=00gb 00gb 00gb 00gb

add eax,4; //move to next 4 alphas

//stall

paddw mm5,mm7; //r8: mm5=sr?*a?+dr?*(31-a?)

paddw mm5,SIXTEEN; //r9: mm5=(i+16) red

movq mm7,mm5; //r10: mm7=(i+16) red

psrlw mm5,5; //r11: mm5=(i+16)>>5 red

paddw mm5,mm7; //r12: mm5=(i+16)+((i+16)>>5) red

psrlw mm5,5; //r13: mm5=(i+16)+((i+16)>>5)>>5 red

psllw mm5,11; //r14: mm5=mm5<<10 red

por mm0,mm5; //mm0=0rgb 0rgb 0rgb 0rgb

test ebx,2; //check if there are 2 pixels

jz oneendpixel; //goto one pixel if that's it

movd [edi],mm0; //dst=0000 0000 0rgb 0rgb

psrlq mm0,32; //mm0>>32

add edi,4; //edi=edi+4

sub ebx,2; //saved 2 pixels

jz nextline; //all done goto next line

oneendpixel: //work on last pixel

movd edx,mm0; //edx=0rgb

mov [edi],dx; //dst=0rgb

nextline: //goto next line

dec ecx; //nuke one line

jz done; //all done

mov eax,lpLinearAlpBp; //alpha

mov esi,lpLinearSrcBp; //src

mov edi,lpLinearDstBp; //dst

add eax,iAlpPitch; //inc alpha ptr by 1 line

add esi,iSrcPitch; //inc src ptr by 1 line

add edi,iDstPitch; //inc dst ptr by 1 line

mov lpLinearAlpBp,eax; //save new alpha base ptr

mov ebx,iDstW; //ebx=span width to copy

mov lpLinearSrcBp,esi; //save new src base ptr

mov lpLinearDstBp,edi; //save new dst base ptr

jmp primeloop; //start the next span

done:

emms

}

}
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