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把图象文件转换成XML格式文件

发表于2003/9/2 23:33:00  4353人阅读

把图象文件转换成XML格式文件

作者: 孟宪会 出自: 【孟宪会之精彩世界】 发布日期: 2003-8-31 2:10:12


 

利用.NET 框架下的FromBase64String和ToBase64String方法可以很容易地实现图象文件和XML文件的互换。这样可以轻易解决以XML格式保存图片的问题。代码如下:

Public Class Form1
            
Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
            
#Region " Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码 "
            
Public Sub New()
            
MyBase.New()
            InitializeComponent()
            
'在 InitializeComponent() 调用之后添加任何初始化
            End Sub
            
'窗体重写处置以清理组件列表。
            Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            
If disposing Then
            
If Not (components Is NothingThen
            components.Dispose()
            
End If
            
End If
            
MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
            
End Sub
            
'Windows 窗体设计器所必需的
            Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer
            
'注意:以下过程是 Windows 窗体设计器所必需的
            '可以使用 Windows 窗体设计器修改此过程。
            '不要使用代码编辑器修改它。
            Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
            
Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
            
Friend WithEvents PictureBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.PictureBox
            
Friend WithEvents Button3 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
            
Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
            
Friend WithEvents Label2 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
            
<System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()
            
Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
            
Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
            
Me.PictureBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.PictureBox()
            
Me.Button3 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
            
Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            
Me.Label2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
            
Me.SuspendLayout()
            
'
            'Button1
            '
            Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(36563)
            
Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
            
Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(11523)
            
Me.Button1.TabIndex = 0
            
Me.Button1.Text = "将图象保存成XML"
            
'
            'Button2
            '
            Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(36598)
            
Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
            
Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(11523)
            
Me.Button2.TabIndex = 1
            
Me.Button2.Text = "从XML中得到图象"
            
'
            'PictureBox1
            '
            Me.PictureBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(186)
            
Me.PictureBox1.Name = "PictureBox1"
            
Me.PictureBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(320460)
            
Me.PictureBox1.TabIndex = 2
            
Me.PictureBox1.TabStop = False
            
'
            'Button3
            '
            Me.Button3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(36528)
            
Me.Button3.Name = "Button3"
            
Me.Button3.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(11523)
            
Me.Button3.TabIndex = 3
            
Me.Button3.Text = "浏览图片…"
            
'
            'Label1
            '
            Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(369135)
            
Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
            
Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(10595)
            
Me.Label1.TabIndex = 4
            
'
            'Label2
            '
            Me.Label2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(367437)
            
Me.Label2.Name = "Label2"
            
Me.Label2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(13016)
            
Me.Label2.TabIndex = 5
            
Me.Label2.Text = "【孟宪会之精彩世界】"
            
'
            'Form1
            '
            Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(513)
            
Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(500480)
            
Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.Label2, Me.Label1, _
            
Me.Button3, Me.PictureBox1, Me.Button2, Me.Button1})
            
Me.Name = "Form1"
            
Me.Text = "图象文件和XML格式文件互换例子"
            
Me.ResumeLayout(False)
            
End Sub
            
#End Region
            
Private MyFile As String = ""
            
Private MyFileExt As String = ""
            
Private Sub Button2_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
            
Handles Button2.Click
            
Dim pic As String
            
Dim MyXml As System.Xml.XmlDocument = New System.Xml.XmlDocument()
            MyXml.Load(
"c:MyPhoto.xml")
            
Dim picNode As System.Xml.XmlNode
            picNode 
= MyXml.SelectSingleNode("/pic/photo")
            pic 
= picNode.InnerText
            
Dim memoryStream As System.IO.MemoryStream
            memoryStream 
= New System.IO.MemoryStream(Convert.FromBase64String(pic))
            
Me.PictureBox1.Image = New System.Drawing.Bitmap(memoryStream)
            memoryStream.Close()
            
End Sub
            
Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
            
Handles Button1.Click
            
If MyFile = "" Then
            MessageBox.Show(
"请选择一个图片!", "错误", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning)
            
Exit Sub
            
End If
            
Dim MyImg As System.Drawing.Image = MyImg.FromFile(MyFile)
            
Dim memoryStream As System.IO.MemoryStream = New System.IO.MemoryStream()
            MyImg.Save(memoryStream, GetImageType(MyFileExt))
            
Dim b() As Byte
            b 
= memoryStream.GetBuffer()
            
Dim pic As String = Convert.ToBase64String(b)
            memoryStream.Close()
            
Dim MyXml As System.Xml.XmlDocument = New System.Xml.XmlDocument()
            MyXml.LoadXml(
"<pic><name>孟宪会</name><photo>" + pic + "</photo></pic>")
            MyXml.Save(
"c:MyPhoto.xml")
            Label1.Text 
= "文件被保存到了:" + Microsoft.VisualBasic.ChrW(13+ "c:MyPhoto.xml"
            
End Sub
            
Private Sub Button3_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
            
Handles Button3.Click
            
Dim openFileDialog1 As New OpenFileDialog()
            openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory 
= "c:"
            openFileDialog1.Filter 
= "PNG(*.png)|*.png|Gif(*.gif)|*.gif|Jpg(*.jpg)|*.jpg|所有图象文件(*.*)|*.*"
            openFileDialog1.FilterIndex 
= 2
            openFileDialog1.RestoreDirectory 
= True
            
If openFileDialog1.ShowDialog() = DialogResult.OK Then
            MyFile 
= openFileDialog1.FileName()
            MyFileExt 
= MyFile.Substring(MyFile.LastIndexOf(".") + 1)
            
End If
            
End Sub
            
Public Function GetImageType(ByVal str As StringAs System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat
            
Select Case str.ToLower()
            
Case "jpg"
            
Return System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg
            
Case "gif"
            
Return System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif
            
Case "tiff"
            
Return System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Tiff()
            
Case "icon"
            
Return System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Icon
            
Case "image/png"
            
Return System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Png
            
Case Else
            
Return System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.MemoryBmp
            
End Select
            
End Function
            
Private Sub Form1_Closing(ByVal sender As ObjectByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) _
            
Handles MyBase.Closing
            System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(
"IExplore.exe", "http://xml.sz.luohuedu.net/")
            
End Sub
            
End Class

结果如下:

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